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Quitline Use in Surgical Patients

This study has been completed.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
David Warner, Mayo Clinic Identifier:
First received: April 4, 2008
Last updated: February 2, 2012
Last verified: February 2012
Elective surgery represents a teachable moment to deliver tobacco interventions. The overall goal of this proposal is to increase the utilization of the QUITPLANSM Helpline by surgical patients who smoke. Two specific aims will be pursued using a multidisciplinary research team. In the first aim, we will develop a practice-based intervention to promote QUITPLANSM Helpline utilization by surgical patients (Specific Aim 1A) using a combination of key informant interviews (approximately 30 subjects), and focus groups (approximately 25 subjects) then develop methods to educate providers in its implementation (Specific Aim 1B) and test their effectiveness in approximately 20 providers. In the second aim, we will perform a randomized clinical trial of this intervention in 300 patients scheduled for elective surgery, with the primary outcome being utilization of the QUITPLANSM Helpline (Specific Aim 2). Subjects will be randomized to receive either the intervention developed in Specific Aim 1, or a brief control intervention.

Condition Intervention
Tobacco Dependence Behavioral: Standard brief advice Behavioral: Quitline intervention

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: Increasing QUITPLAN Helpline Utilization in Surgical Patients

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by David Warner, Mayo Clinic:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Completion of one quitline counseling session [ Time Frame: Three months postoepratively ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Smoking behavior at six months postoperatively [ Time Frame: six months postoperatively ]

Enrollment: 300
Study Start Date: July 2007
Study Completion Date: June 2011
Primary Completion Date: February 2010 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Active Comparator: 1
Brief assistance with smoking abstinence
Behavioral: Standard brief advice
Brief general assistance with smoking cessation
Experimental: 2
Brief intervention to promote quitline utilization
Behavioral: Quitline intervention
Brief intervention designed specifically to encourage quitline utilization


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients ≥ 18 yrs. scheduled for elective surgery at Mayo Clinic Rochester.
  • Current smoking before the scheduling of surgery, defined as > 100 cigarettes lifetime consumption and self-reports of smoking either every day or some days. Patients who are in the midst of a quit attempt initiated since learning about surgery are eligible.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patient is not available for telephone follow-up
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00656500

United States, Minnesota
Mayo Clinic
Rochester, Minnesota, United States, 55905
Sponsors and Collaborators
Mayo Clinic
Principal Investigator: David O. Warner, M.D. Mayo Clinic
  More Information

Publications automatically indexed to this study by Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: David Warner, MD, Mayo Clinic Identifier: NCT00656500     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 06-004330
Study First Received: April 4, 2008
Last Updated: February 2, 2012

Keywords provided by David Warner, Mayo Clinic:
surgical patients
cigarette smoking
postoperative complications
telephone counseling

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Tobacco Use Disorder
Substance-Related Disorders
Chemically-Induced Disorders
Mental Disorders processed this record on August 22, 2017