A Study of the Safety and Efficacy of Patients With Familial Hypercholesterolaemia Taking Colesevelam as add-on Therapy to Their Existing Medication
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This study is designed to assess whether colesevelam given as third line treatment added to a maximal tolerated and stable dose of a statin and ezetimibe is able to further decrease the level of LDL cholesterol in a safe and efficient manner in difficult to treat Familial Hypercholesterolaemia patients who are not at their target level of LDL cholesterol.
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Ages Eligible for Study:
18 Years to 75 Years (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:
Patients must have a clinical diagnosis of Familial Hypercholesterolaemia defined as EITHER a.Presence of a documented LDL-receptor mutation OR b. History of untreated LDL-cholesterol level above the 95th percentile for sex and age in combination with documentation of at least one of the following: i.Presence of typical tendon xanthomas in the patient or first degree relative. ii. An LDL-cholesterol level above the 95th percentile for age and sex in a first degree relative. iii. Proven coronary artery disease in the patient or in a first degree relative under the age of 60.
Patients must have provided and undergone lifestyle changes for more than 6 months at the time of Screening
Patients must have been treated for at least 3 consecutive months preceding the Screening visit with a lipid lowering treatment regimen consisting of maximal tolerated combination of a statin with ezetimibe and are still above their target for LDL cholesterol being 2.5 mmol/L (100 mg/dL)
Patients must be committed to following the protocol requirements as evidence by written informed consent
Patients should be comfortable with swallowing 3 placebo tablets
Patients with a known allergy to any of the components used in colesevelam or placebo or any other medications like statin or ezetimibe required for participation in this study
Patients with a bowel or biliary obstruction
Patients with secondary causes of hypercholesterolaemia, e.g., dysproteinaemia, hypothyroidism, nephrotic syndrome (defined as proteinuria >2 g/L), obstructive liver disease, other pharmacological therapies, alcoholism
Patients with triglyceride level of > 3.4 mmol/L
Patients with dysphagia, swallowing disorders, severe gastrointestinal motility disorders, inflammatory bowel disease, or major gastrointestinal tract surgery
Patients have undergone LDL-apheresis within one year prior to the screening visit and/or need to undergo LDL-apheresis
Patients with active liver disease or unexplained persistent elevations in transaminases
Patients on fenofibrates or on concomitant cholestyramine as this will affect the area under the curve (AUC) of ezetimibe
Patients with poorly-controlled diabetes (i.e., HbA1c>9% at Screening)
Patients with clinically significant (CS) abnormal haematology, renal, or other laboratory parameters that could be the result of an underlying malignancy or systemic infection as judged by the investigator
Patients with a heart transplant, concurrent congestive heart failure (NYHA Class 3 or 4), life-threatening ventricular arrhythmias, unstable angina, recent myocardial infarction within the past 6 months prior to screening, or patients undergoing haemodialysis, or with active disease who may not be healthy enough to successfully complete all protocol requirements
Fertile women who are pregnant, nursing or using either no or an inadequate form of contraception taking into account the recommendations for adequate intake of oral contraceptives as outlined in concomitant medication section
Patients with a recent history of alcoholism or drug abuse, or sever emotional behavioural or psychiatric problems who may not be able to adequately comply with the requirements of the study or who may be unable to consent
Patients receiving experimental medications or participating in another study using an experimental drug or procedure within 30 days prior to signing informed consent