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Mechanisms of Metabolic Regulation of Resveratrol on Humans With Metabolic Syndrome (RSV)

This study has been withdrawn prior to enrollment.
(no participant enrollment)
Sponsor:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00654667
First Posted: April 9, 2008
Last Update Posted: March 4, 2015
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
Information provided by:
University of California, San Francisco
  Purpose
Sirtuin activators may prove useful in treating age-related diseases and extending lifespan in humans. Resveratrol (RSV), a polyphenol found in red wine, has been shown in vitro to enhance SIRT1 activity. RSV is associated with some of the beneficial effects of red wine or the "French Paradox". Recently RSV has been associated with increasing lifespan in mice on a high calorie diet and improved metabolic profile and activity levels. The effect of this small molecule in humans is unknown. Preclinical observations suggest that RSV is safe and has enormous potential in the treatment of obesity and insulin resistance in humans. This pilot study will examine the effect of RSV on improving the metabolic profile of adults with insulin resistance. Specifically, this randomized double blind placebo controlled study will examine the effects of 4 weeks of supplementation with RSV 5.0 grams daily, compared to placebo control (PC) on the metabolic profile of 36 men and women over the age of 50 with insulin resistance (IR) consuming a typical western diet consisting of at least 40% calories from fat.

Condition Intervention Phase
Insulin Resistance Drug: Placebo Drug: Resveratrol Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double (Participant, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Mechanisms of Metabolic Regulation of Resveratrol on Humans With Metabolic Syndrome.

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by University of California, San Francisco:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Insulin sensitivity (assessed by the insulin sensitivity index as derived from glucose and insulin levels obtained during a 2 hour oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT)1, 2 and insulin growth factor (IGF)-1 levels3 [ Time Frame: one month ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Improve cholesterol metabolism (lower LDL, raise HDL and lower triglyceride (TG) levels); and 3) physical activity levels measured by pedometer and 7 day physical activity recall (PAR) [ Time Frame: one month ]

Enrollment: 0
Study Start Date: May 2007
Study Completion Date: August 2008
Primary Completion Date: August 2008 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Placebo Comparator: 2
Placebo
Drug: Placebo
Placebo, no active drug, take 5 capsules by mouth daily for one month
Experimental: Experimental 1
Resveratrol
Drug: Resveratrol

Detailed Description:

Hypotheses for this study:

4 weeks of supplementation with RSV 5.0 grams daily compared to placebo control in individuals with insulin resistance will: 1) Increase insulin sensitivity (assessed by the insulin sensitivity index as derived from glucose and insulin levels obtained during a 2 hour oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT)and insulin growth factor (IGF)-1 levels) 2) Improve cholesterol metabolism (lower LDL, raise HDL and lower triglyceride (TG) levels); and 3) physical activity levels measured by pedometer and 7 day physical activity recall (PAR).

Secondary hypotheses are: Treatment with RSV 5.0 grams daily in individuals with IR will result in: 1)No change in energy intake as measured by food intake by 3 day food diary; 2)No change in body fat mass or distribution (via dual x-ray absorptiometry (DEXA), body mass index (BMI) and waist-to-hip ratio; and 3)Improved Quality of life as assessed by SF-36, compared to PC group.

We will also examine self-reported appetite and satiety as well as biomarkers leptin and adiponectin in the RSV versus PC group. Finally, we will examine the effects of RSV on hepatic (serum Ala aminotransferase, asp aminotransferase, lactate dehydrogenase, alkaline phosphatase, bilirubin, albumin), pancreatic (serum amylase) and renal (BUN and creatinine), function and red blood cell count (CBC with differential) in the IR compared to the PC group.

  Eligibility

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   50 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Adults ages 50 years or older
  2. Women ages 50 years and older who are postmenopausal, defined as no menses for the previous 12 months
  3. BMI 25 to 35
  4. Waist-to-hip circumference ratios for men >0.95, for women >0.85
  5. HOMA-IR score from fasting plasma glucose and serum insulin levels >2.7
  6. A diet consisting of > 40% calories from fat; and
  7. Sedentary, defined as no formal exercise program and less than 30 minutes physical activity weekly.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Active malignancy or tumor or other condition that would severely limit life expectancy
  2. Any type of major surgery during the last 3 months
  3. Psychiatric disorders with currently active manifestations
  4. Insulin-dependent diabetes
  5. Any chronic medications except for hormone replacement therapy. Vitamin supplements (of any type) are not allowed during the study, but are acceptable if the participant agrees to a 2 week washout period before participation in the study
  6. Active symptoms suggestive of an acute coronary syndrome or decompensated heart failure
  7. Currently on low fat diet or special diet (i.e. weight loss)
  8. Excessive alcohol intake (>3 glasses of wine/1 six pack of beer daily)
  9. Concurrent participation in any drug studies or studies that require sample of a body fluid (or having finished in the past 6 months)
  10. Non-English speakers
  11. Abnormal LFTs.
  Contacts and Locations
Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00654667


Locations
United States, California
University of California
San Francisco, California, United States, 94143-0608
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of California, San Francisco
  More Information

Responsible Party: Marlene Berro, UCSF
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00654667     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CTSI - SOS
First Submitted: April 3, 2008
First Posted: April 9, 2008
Last Update Posted: March 4, 2015
Last Verified: March 2015

Keywords provided by University of California, San Francisco:
Resveratrol
Insulin Resistance
Metabolic Syndrome
Sirtuin 1
IGF-1
Satiety
Leptin
Adiponectin

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Metabolic Syndrome X
Insulin Resistance
Hyperinsulinism
Glucose Metabolism Disorders
Metabolic Diseases
Resveratrol
Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal
Analgesics, Non-Narcotic
Analgesics
Sensory System Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Anti-Inflammatory Agents
Antirheumatic Agents
Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic
Antineoplastic Agents
Antioxidants
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Protective Agents
Enzyme Inhibitors
Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors
Antimutagenic Agents
Anticarcinogenic Agents