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Trial record 1 of 3 for:    "Tonsillitis" | "Dexmedetomidine"
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Dexmedetomidine for Immediate Perioperative Analgesia in Pediatric Patients Undergoing Tonsillectomy (DexT&A)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00654511
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : April 8, 2008
Results First Posted : April 26, 2011
Last Update Posted : April 26, 2011
Hospira, now a wholly owned subsidiary of Pfizer
Information provided by:
Children's Research Institute

Brief Summary:

The primary purpose of this study is:

  1. To compare dexmedetomidine with fentanyl in terms of intra-operative hemodynamics and post-operative analgesia.
  2. To determine an analgesic dose response relationship for dexmedetomidine.
  3. Compare recovery characteristics of dexmedetomidine to fentanyl.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Tonsillitis Drug: Fentanyl Drug: Dexmedetomidine Phase 4

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 101 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Triple (Participant, Care Provider, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Dexmedetomidine for Immediate Perioperative Analgesia in Pediatric Patients Undergoing Tonsillectomy.
Study Start Date : January 2005
Actual Primary Completion Date : October 2008
Actual Study Completion Date : October 2008

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Tonsillitis

Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: Fentanyl 1
Fentanyl 1 micrograms (mcg)/kilogram (kg)
Drug: Fentanyl
Fentanyl 1mcg/kg, Intravenous (IV)
Other Name: Actiq

Active Comparator: Fentanyl 2
Fentanyl 2 micrograms (mcg)/kilogram (kg)
Drug: Fentanyl
Fentanyl 2mcg/kg, Intravenous (IV)
Other Name: Actiq

Experimental: Dex 3
Dexmedetomidine 2 micrograms (mcg)/kilogram (kg)
Drug: Dexmedetomidine
Dexmedetomidine, 2mcg/kg, Intravenous (IV)
Other Name: Precedex

Experimental: Dex 4
Dexmedetomidine 4 micrograms (mcg)/kilogram (kg)
Drug: Dexmedetomidine
Dexmedetomidine, 4mcg/kg Intravenous (IV)
Other Name: Precedex

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Time to First Morphine Dose [ Time Frame: up to 24 hours ]
    Total minutes from study medication administration to time of first morphine dose.

  2. Morphine Rescue [ Time Frame: up to 24 hours ]
    Total morphine administered in the Post Anesthesia Care Unit (PACU)

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   2 Years to 12 Years   (Child)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes

Inclusion Criteria:

  • All of the following criteria must be met for the potential subject to be eligible for participation:

    1. The subject is 2 to 12 years of age
    2. The subject's American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status is ASA I or II (see appendix 1).
    3. The subject is scheduled for elective tonsillectomy with or without adenoidectomy surgery (procedures with myringotomy tube placement are allowed).
    4. The subject will be hospitalized overnight after surgery
    5. The subject's parent/legally authorized guardian has given written informed consent to participate; and where applicable, the subject has given appropriate assent to participate.

      Exclusion Criteria:

  • The potential subject is NOT eligible for participation if any of the following exclusion criteria apply:

    1. The subject has a history or a family (parent or sibling) history of malignant hyperthermia
    2. The subject has known significant renal or hepatic disorders determined by medical history, physical examination or laboratory tests.
    3. The subject has a known or suspected allergy to opioid analgesics
    4. The subject is a pregnant or lactating female (if post-menarcheal, a negative pregnancy test must be confirmed prior to the planned surgery time (in AMSAC) consistent with current standard of care.
    5. The subject has history of. cardiovascular issues which would preclude the use of dexmedetomidine, (e.g. Down's Syndrome, dysrhthymias, conditions where hypotension is to be avoided).

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00654511

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United States, District of Columbia
Children's National Medical Center
Washington, District of Columbia, United States, 20010
Sponsors and Collaborators
Children's Research Institute
Hospira, now a wholly owned subsidiary of Pfizer
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Principal Investigator: Julia C Finkel, MD Children's Research Institute

Publications automatically indexed to this study by Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: Julia C. Finkel, MD, Children's National Medical Center Identifier: NCT00654511     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 3502
Agreement #10698
First Posted: April 8, 2008    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: April 26, 2011
Last Update Posted: April 26, 2011
Last Verified: March 2011
Keywords provided by Children's Research Institute:
and adenoidectomy,
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Pharyngeal Diseases
Stomatognathic Diseases
Respiratory Tract Infections
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Otorhinolaryngologic Diseases
Hypnotics and Sedatives
Central Nervous System Depressants
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Analgesics, Non-Narcotic
Sensory System Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Adrenergic alpha-2 Receptor Agonists
Adrenergic alpha-Agonists
Adrenergic Agonists
Adrenergic Agents
Neurotransmitter Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Analgesics, Opioid
Adjuvants, Anesthesia
Anesthetics, Intravenous
Anesthetics, General