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Bridging Therapy in Patients at High Risk for Stent Thrombosis Undergoing Surgery

The recruitment status of this study is unknown. The completion date has passed and the status has not been verified in more than two years.
Verified September 2009 by Cedars-Sinai Medical Center.
Recruitment status was:  Recruiting
Information provided by:
Cedars-Sinai Medical Center Identifier:
First received: April 2, 2008
Last updated: September 3, 2009
Last verified: September 2009

Patients who have undergone placement of coronary stents require dual antiplatelet therapy with Plavix and aspirin to prevent the serious complication of in-stent thrombosis. Some of these patients will require surgery while on dual antiplatelet therapy. This poses a challenge because being on Plavix is associated with higher risks of perioperative bleeding, but stopping Plavix puts patients at increased risk for in-stent thrombosis.

Currently, the ACC/AHA guidelines recommend discontinuation of Plavix five days prior to surgery to prevent bleeding complications. However, there are no universal recommendations for preventing in-stent thrombosis. Some experts recommend the use glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitors (short-acting antiplatelet agents) as "bridging therapy" during the high-risk perioperative period. Although these agents should be beneficial based on theory, there is currently no published data on their effectiveness for this purpose.

The current study proposes to evaluate the value of Aggrastat (a short-acting intravenous platelet glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitor) in decreasing the risk of in-stent thrombosis without increasing the risk of perioperative bleeding.


Study Type: Observational
Study Design: Observational Model: Case Control
Time Perspective: Prospective
Official Title: Bridging Therapy in Patients at High Risk for Stent Thrombosis Undergoing Surgery

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by Cedars-Sinai Medical Center:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • In-stent thrombosis as assessed by acute coronary syndromes of unstable angina/non-ST elevation myocardial infarction or ST-elevation myocardial infarction during the hospitalization. [ Time Frame: until discharge ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Platelet function using the Verify Now device: T1 - at admission (2-3 days after the D/C of Plavix and prior to initiation of Aggrastat infusion); T2 - > 8 hours after initiation of Aggrastat; T3 - pre-operative; T4 - post loading dose of clopidogrel. [ Time Frame: until discharge ]
  • Bleeding as assessed by hematocrit values obtained immediately pre-operative, immediately post-operative, and prior to discharge In addition, the use of blood products (pRBCs, platelets, FFP) will be assessed. [ Time Frame: until discharge ]

Biospecimen Retention:   Samples Without DNA
2 mL of blood for testing X 5 per patient

Estimated Enrollment: 20
Study Start Date: April 2008
Estimated Study Completion Date: April 2011
Estimated Primary Completion Date: April 2011 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Patients who receive bridge therapy with tirofiban who were previously on plavix for drug eluting or bare metal stent prior to scheduled invasive procedures

Patients who do NOT receive bridge therapy previously on plavix for drug eluting or bare metal stent prior to scheduled invasive procedures. This will entail of a matching case-control for the following characteristics.

  • # of RF for stent thrombosis
  • types of stents
  • time frame when the stents were placed
  • procedure type

Detailed Description:

A. D/C clopidogrel 5 days prior to surgery

B. Continue ASA (Increase dose to 325 mg until prohibitive bleeding risk)

C. Check baseline IIb/IIIa and P2Y12 via the Verify Now device prior to initiating tirofiban

D. Start Tirofiban 2 days prior to the procedure (Patient MUST be on a monitored bed)

  • Load Tirofiban ONLY if P2Y12 (Verify Now Assay) platelet inhibition is < 20% OTHERWISE initiate only the continuous infusion dose
  • Creatinine clearance > 30mL/min: Tirofiban 0.4 mcg/kg/min for 30 minutes, followed by continuous infusion at 0.1 mcg/kg/min
  • Creatinine clearance < 30mL/min: Tirofiban 0.2 mcg/kg/min for 30 minutes, followed by continuous infusion of 0.05 mcg/kg/min

E. Check steady state IIb/IIIa inhibitor verify now assay (>8 hour after initiation)

F. Hold Tirofiban 12 hours prior to procedure

G. Check IIb/IIIa inhibitor verify now assay (10-12 hours after Tirofiban is discontinued)

H. CBC pre and post op

I. Reload clopidogrel> 24 hours post op (300 mg X 1 then 75 mg daily) unless prohibitive bleeding risk

J. Reduce ASA to pre-procedure dose. Restart ASA, 24 hours port-op if it was D/C prior to procedure

K. Check P2Y12 via the Verify Now device post-loading dose of clopidogrel (test cannot be performed w/in 48 hours of the D/C of IIb/IIIa inhibitor (tirofiban)


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Sampling Method:   Non-Probability Sample
Study Population
Patients' with BMS/DES on plavix prior to surgery who are in need of an elective procedures

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients' with BMS/DES on plavix prior to surgery who are in need of an elective procedures

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients' with BMS/DES on NOT plavix prior to surgery who are in need of an elective procedures
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00653601

United States, California
Cedars-Sinai Medical Center
Los Angeles, California, United States, 90048
Sponsors and Collaborators
Cedars-Sinai Medical Center
Principal Investigator: Sanjay Kaul, MD Attending physician
  More Information

Responsible Party: Dr Sanjay Kaul, PI, CSMC Identifier: NCT00653601     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: Pro00014008 
Study First Received: April 2, 2008
Last Updated: September 3, 2009

Keywords provided by Cedars-Sinai Medical Center:
glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitor
Verify now
platelet function testing
bridge therapy

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Embolism and Thrombosis
Vascular Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases processed this record on February 20, 2017