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A Study to Evaluate the Effects of the Neuroflo Device in People Who Have Had a Stroke (PAO)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00653536
Recruitment Status : Withdrawn (No Patients enrolled; sponsor not providing devices anymore)
First Posted : April 7, 2008
Last Update Posted : January 12, 2017
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
CoAxia
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
David Liebeskind, University of California, Los Angeles

Brief Summary:
Patients with acute ischemic stroke and persistent arterial occlusion following failed mechanical revascularization, who can undergo NeuroFlo treatment within 18 hours of last time symptom free, will be eligible for enrollment to assess the safety and feasibility of the NeuroFlo catheter in treating ischemic stroke patients with persistent arterial occlusion following attempted thrombectomy. The NeuroFlo catheter is designed to partially obstruct the abdominal descending aorta thereby increasing blood flow to the brain. Cerebral perfusion is improved by diverting more blood through vessels as well as by expansion of the collateral circulation. Improved regional perfusion leads to clinical improvement.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Acute Stroke Device: NeuroFlo Phase 1

Detailed Description:

Patients with occlusion of a proximal artery experience prompt diversion of flow through collaterals and retrograde perfusion of the occluded arterial tree. Collateral perfusion sustains the penumbra and may lessen stroke severity provided recanalization of the occluded artery occurs. Thrombectomy attempts to achieve recanalization of the occluded artery, but 36% of patients (90/252 in MERCI and MultiMERCI studies) experienced persistent arterial occlusion (PAO, defined as TICI flow 0-1). PAO following attempted thrombectomy was associated with high mortality, with 53% dead at 90 days. Of the survivors, only 5% achieved mRS of 0-2. At present, there are no therapies that have been shown to improve these risks. Data obtained from a clinically indicated CT at 24 hours will be used to monitor for safety.

The safety endpoints for this study will be the proportion of patients who experience:

  • Mortality and neurological deterioration (defined as an increase of ≥4 points on the NIHSS) at 5 days post treatment
  • Change in neurological status and adverse events from baseline through 30 days from treatment

Other endpoints include:

  • Change in neurological status and adverse events from baseline through 90 days from treatment
  • The incidence of hemorrhagic transformation or other intracerebral bleeding will be assessed at 5 days post treatment.
  • Cerebral blood flow changes associated with device therapy will be assessed through multimodal CT or MRI studies acquired at baseline and 3 hours post treatment.
  • Potential patient benefit will be assessed through collection of neurological indices (NIHSS etc.) at baseline, 24 hours post-procedure, day 5 (or discharge), 30 days and 90 days.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 0 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Feasibility and Safety of NeuroFlo™ in Patients With Persistent Arterial Occlusion (PAO) After Failed Mechanical Revascularization
Study Start Date : March 2008
Actual Primary Completion Date : January 2013
Actual Study Completion Date : January 2013

Intervention Details:
    Device: NeuroFlo
    The device will be inflated for 45 minutes in acute ischemic stroke patients who have failed mechanical recanalization.


Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Mortality and neurological deterioration at 5 days post treatment [ Time Frame: day 5 ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change in neurological status and adverse events from baseline through 30 days from treatment [ Time Frame: Day 30 ]
  2. Change in neurological status and adverse events from baseline through 90 days from treatment [ Time Frame: 90 days ]
  3. Incidence of hemorrhagic transformation or other intracerebral bleeding at 5 days post treatment [ Time Frame: day 5 ]
  4. Cerebral blood flow changes associated with device therapy assessed through multimodal MRI studies acquired at baseline and 3 hours post treatment obtained routinely at UCLA post IV or IA intervention in acute stroke patients [ Time Frame: 3 hr and 24 hr ]


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Age ≥18 years
  • Acute cerebral ischemia due to occlusion of the internal carotid or middle cerebral artery
  • NIHSS 8-25 (inclusive)
  • Persistent arterial occlusion (defined as TICI 0 or 1) following failed mechanical revascularization (ref Table 2)
  • Able to undergo NeuroFlo treatment within 18 hours of symptom onset (or from last time known normal)
  • Informed consent from patient or legally authorized representative
  • Negative pregnancy test in females of child-bearing potential

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Etiology other than cerebral ischemia
  • Acute hypodense parenchymal lesion or effacement of cerebral sulci in more than 1/3 of the middle cerebral artery territory
  • Brainstem or cerebellar stroke
  • Systolic blood pressure (BP) >220 mm Hg, or diastolic (BP) >140 mm Hg that cannot be lowered with medical management
  • Any use of intravenous or intra-arterial thrombolytic medication
  • Known secured or unsecured cerebral aneurysm or vascular malformation on CTA or MRA or history thereof
  • Imaging evidence of current intracranial bleeding
  • History of intracerebral hemorrhage
  • Any aortic or femoral endovascular graft
  • Aortic surgery within 6 weeks prior to the time of enrollment
  • Known heparin sensitivity or allergy
  • Participation in another therapeutic/treatment research protocol
  • Any intracranial pathology interfering with the imaging assessments
  • Current congestive or decompensated heart failure
  • Known ejection fraction (EF) < 30% or evidence of NYHA Class IV or ACC/AHA Stage D heart failure within the past 3 months
  • Known or echo evidence of aortic regurgitation ≥ 3+
  • Myocardial infarction within last 3 months
  • Evidence of acute MI on ECG or by cardiac enzymes
  • Current or recent Class III or IV angina despite medical/surgical treatment
  • INR > 1.7
  • Platelet count < 100,000
  • Creatinine > 1.5 times local laboratory standard
  • Patients with cerebral arterial perforation or dissection due to attempted thrombectomy
  • Patients with complications of femoral artery cannulation
  • Patients with aortic diameter greater than 28 mm or smaller than 11 mm in diameter measured within 6 cm above and below the midpoint of the renal ostia (for 7Fr NeuroFlo Device)
  • Evidence of aortic aneurysm
  • High-grade iliac stenosis or vascular tortuosity that could prevent safe delivery and/or positioning of the NeuroFlo catheter

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00653536


Locations
United States, California
UCLA Medical Center
Los Angeles, California, United States, 90095
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of California, Los Angeles
CoAxia
Investigators
Principal Investigator: David S. Liebeskind, M.D. University of California, Los Angeles
Principal Investigator: Sidney Starkman, M.D. University of California, Los Angeles

Additional Information:
Responsible Party: David Liebeskind, Professor of Neurology, Associate Neurology Director, University of California, Los Angeles
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00653536     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 07-08-010
First Posted: April 7, 2008    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: January 12, 2017
Last Verified: January 2017

Keywords provided by David Liebeskind, University of California, Los Angeles:
stroke
neuroflo
device
failure to recanalize

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Stroke
Cerebrovascular Disorders
Brain Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Vascular Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases