Switching to Rosuvastatin Versus Adding Ezetimibe to Atorvastatin Versus Doubling the Dose of Atorvastatin in Patients With Hypercholesterolemia and Risk Factors (P03708)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00651378
Recruitment Status : Terminated (Slow enrollment [HIGH SCREEN FAILURE RATE])
First Posted : April 2, 2008
Last Update Posted : May 11, 2017
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.

Brief Summary:
This study assesses whether adding ezetimibe 10 mg/d to ongoing treatment with atorvastatin 10 mg/d is more effective than switching the subject to treatment with rosuvastatin 10 mg/d or doubling the dose of atorvastatin to 20 mg/d is more effective in achieving goal LDL-cholesterol of <2.5 mmol/L. Treatment phase is 6 weeks.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Hypercholesterolemia Atherosclerosis Coronary Artery Disease Drug: Rosuvastatin Drug: Ezetimibe + Atorvastatin Drug: Double Atorvastatin Phase 4

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 87 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: An Open-Label, Randomized, Parallel-Group, Multicenter Study to Compare the Efficacy and Safety of "Switching" to Rosuvastatin 10 mg Daily Versus Atorvastatin 10 mg Daily With Ezetimibe 10 mg Daily Versus Doubling the Dose of Atorvastatin to 20 mg Daily in Subjects With Hypercholesterolemia and Atherosclerotic or Coronary Vascular Disease or Diabetes Mellitus Who Have Not Achieved Study Target LDL-C Goal While Dosing With Atorvastatin 10 mg Daily
Actual Study Start Date : September 1, 2004
Actual Primary Completion Date : June 1, 2005
Actual Study Completion Date : June 1, 2005

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Rosuvastatin Drug: Rosuvastatin
oral tablets: rosuvastatin 10 mg once daily for 6 weeks (switch from previous run-in with atorvastatin 10 mg daily)
Other Name: Crestor
Active Comparator: Ezetimibe + Atorvastatin Drug: Ezetimibe + Atorvastatin
oral tablets: ezetimibe 10 mg plus atorvastatin 10 mg once daily for 6 weeks (add ezetimibe to previous run-in with atorvastatin 10 mg daily)
Other Names:
  • SCH 58235
  • Zetia
  • Lipitor
Active Comparator: Double Atorvastatin Drug: Double Atorvastatin
oral tablets: atorvastatin 20 mg once daily for 6 weeks (double dose from previous run-in with atorvastatin 10 mg daily)
Other Name: Lipitor

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Percent change in LDL-C level from baseline to the study endpoint. [ Time Frame: 6 weeks ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Percent changes from baseline to the end of treatment in the concentrations of total cholesterol (TC), non-HDL-C, apo B, triglycerides (TG), HDL-C, LDL-C/HDL-C ratio, and TC/HDL-C ratio. [ Time Frame: 6 weeks ]
  2. Adverse events, laboratory test results, vital signs. [ Time Frame: Throughout study ]

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 75 Years   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • 18 years to 75 years of age;
  • Stabilized on atorvastatin 10 mg daily and by subject reported history had taken at least 80% of daily doses for the 4 weeks preceding Visit 1;
  • LDL-C concentration greater than or equal to 2.5 mmol/L to less than or equal to 160 mg/dL (less than or equal to 4.1 mmol/L) based on blood specimens taken at Visit 1, using the Friedewald calculation as described in the Protocol,Section 8.8. (The lipid profiles at Visit 3 (baseline) and all subsequent visits were kept "blinded" until data analysis);
  • Triglyceride concentration of less than 350 mg/dL (less than 3.99 mmol/L) based on blood specimens taken at Visit 1;
  • Documented atherosclerotic disease, CHD, or diabetes mellitus;
  • Liver transaminases (ALT, AST) less than 50% above the upper limit of normal, with no active liver disease, and CPK less than 50% above the upper limit of normal as tested in blood specimens taken at Visit 1;
  • Clinical laboratory tests (CBC, blood chemistries, urinalysis) taken at Visit 1 must have been within normal limits or clinically acceptable to the Investigator;
  • Had been previously prescribed a cholesterol lowering diet and exercise program at least 4 weeks prior to Visit 1 and had been advised to continue the same diet and exercise program during the study;
  • Reported a stable weight history for at least 4 weeks prior to randomization at Visit 3 (baseline visit);
  • Women receiving hormonal therapy, including hormone replacement, any estrogen antagonist/agonist, or oral contraceptives, must have been maintained on a stable dose and regimen for at least 8 weeks and willing to continue the same regimen for the duration of the study;
  • Women of childbearing potential (included women who were less than 1 year postmenopausal and women who became sexually active) must have been using an acceptable method of birth control (for example, hormonal contraceptive, medically prescribed IUD, condom in combination with spermicide) or been surgically sterilized (for example, hysterectomy or tubal ligation).
  • Free of any clinically significant diseases other than hyperlipidemia, CHD, or diabetes mellitus that would interfere with study evaluations;
  • Understood and were able to adhere to the dosing and visit schedules, and demonstrated their willingness to participate in the study and comply with its procedures by signing a written informed consent.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Consumption greater than 14 alcoholic drinks per week. (A drink is: a can of beer [1/2 pint or 250 ml], glass of wine, or single measure of spirits);
  • Any condition or situation which, in the opinion of the Investigator, might have posed a risk to the subject or interfered with participation in the study;
  • Body mass index (BMI) >= 35 Kg/m^2 at Visit 2 (Screening);
  • Women who were pregnant or nursing;
  • Failure to observe the designated washout periods for any of the prohibited medications

Study Data/Documents: CSR Synopsis  This link exits the site

Responsible Party: Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp. Identifier: NCT00651378     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: P03708
First Posted: April 2, 2008    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: May 11, 2017
Last Verified: May 2017

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Coronary Artery Disease
Myocardial Ischemia
Coronary Disease
Heart Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Arterial Occlusive Diseases
Vascular Diseases
Lipid Metabolism Disorders
Metabolic Diseases
Atorvastatin Calcium
Rosuvastatin Calcium
Anticholesteremic Agents
Hypolipidemic Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Lipid Regulating Agents
Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors