Viral Therapy in Treating Patients With Metastatic Melanoma

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00651157
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : April 2, 2008
Results First Posted : October 16, 2013
Last Update Posted : April 22, 2014
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Brief Summary:
This phase II trial is studying the side effects and how well viral therapy works in treating patients with metastatic melanoma. Viral therapy may be able to kill tumor cells without damaging normal cells.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Recurrent Melanoma Stage IV Melanoma Biological: wild-type reovirus Phase 2

Detailed Description:


I. Assess the antitumor effect of wild-type reovirus (Reolysin®), in terms of tumor response rate and clinical benefit rate (i.e., partial response and complete response), in patients with metastatic melanoma.

II. Assess the toxicity profile of Reolysin® in these patients.


I. Assess the progression-free survival and overall survival of these patients. II. Assess viral replication in metastatic melanoma deposits after intravenous administration of Reolysin®.

III. Assess the impact of pre-existing anti-reoviral immunity (as represented by p38 expression in pretreatment tumor specimens) on the efficacy and toxicity of Reolysin®.

IV. To measure the effect of Reolysin® on the immune system, in terms of dendritic cell activation, T-cell activation, presence of Treg cells in tumor specimens, and the frequency of T cells, B cells, NK cells, and peptide specific cytotoxic T lymphocytes reactive against melanoma differentiation antigen peptides (gp100, MART-1, and tyrosinase).

V. To assess the induction of melanoma specific immune response, in terms of the presence of melanoma differentiation antigens (gp100, MART-1, and tyrosinase) in tumor specimens.

OUTLINE: This is a multicenter study.

Patients receive wild-type reovirus (Reolysin®) IV over 60 minutes on days 1-5. Treatment repeats every 28 days for up to 12 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

Some patients undergo tumor tissue samples collection at baseline and at 1 week after initiation of treatment for correlative laboratory studies. Tissue samples are analyzed for p38/MAPK activation status by IHC; reoviral replication in metastatic deposits by electron microscopy; and immunologic parameters by IHC. Blood samples are collected at baseline and periodically during the study. Blood samples are analyzed for immunologic parameters by tetramer and ELISPOT technology and for neutralizing antibodies against reovirus.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed every 6 months for 2 years and then annually for up to 5 years.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 23 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase II Trial of Intravenous Administration of Reovirus Serotype 3 - Dearing Strain (Reolysin®) in Patients With Metastatic Melanoma
Study Start Date : April 2008
Actual Primary Completion Date : December 2011
Actual Study Completion Date : October 2012

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Melanoma

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Treatment (viral therapy)
Patients receive wild-type reovirus (Reolysin®) IV administered at a dose of 3 x 10^10 TCID50/day in 250 mL 0.9% sodium chloride infused intravenously over 60 minutes daily on days 1-5 of each 28-day cycle. Treatment repeats every 28 days for up to 12 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Biological: wild-type reovirus
Given IV: Administered at a dose of 3 x 10^10 TCID50/day in 250 mL 0.9% sodium chloride infused intravenously over 60 minutes daily on days 1-5 of each 28-day cycle.
Other Name: REOLYSIN

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Tumor Response [ Time Frame: Every 4 weeks after 4 courses of treatment, assessed up to 5 years ]

    A tumor response is defined to be a Complete Response (CR) or Partial Response (PR) as defined by the Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) noted as the objective status on 2 consecutive evaluations at least 4 weeks apart.

    Complete Response (CR): Disappearance of all target lesions. Partial Response (PR): At least a 30% decrease in the sum of the largest dimension (LD) of target lesions taking as reference the baseline sum LD.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Overall Survival [ Time Frame: Time from registration to death due to any cause, assessed up to 5 years ]
    Survival time is defined as the time from registration to death due to any cause. The distribution of survival time will be estimated using the method of Kaplan-Meier.

  2. Time to Disease Progression [ Time Frame: Time from registration to documentation of disease progression, assessed up to 5 years ]
    Time to disease progression is defined as the time from registration to documentation of disease progression. If a patient dies without documentation of disease progression, the patient will be considered to have had tumor progression at the time of their death unless there is sufficient documented evidence to conclude no progression occurred prior to death.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Histologically or cytologically confirmed malignant melanoma

    • All melanomas, regardless of origin, are allowed
    • Metastatic disease
  • Measurable disease, defined as ≥ 1 lesion that can be accurately measured in ≥ 1 dimension (longest diameter to be recorded) as ≥ 20mm by conventional techniques or as ≥ 10 mm by spiral CT scan
  • Must have ≥ 1 metastatic lesion that can be safely biopsied
  • Must have received ≥ 1 prior treatment for metastatic disease
  • Not a candidate for curative surgery for metastatic disease
  • No known brain metastases
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status 0-2
  • Life expectancy > 12 weeks
  • Total White Blood Cell (WBC) ≥ 3,000/mcL
  • Absolute neutrophil count ≥ 1,500/mcL
  • Platelet count ≥ 100,000/mcL
  • Hemoglobin ≥ 9 g/dL
  • Total bilirubin ≤ 1.5 times upper limit of normal (ULN)
  • Aspartate Aminotransferase (AST) ≤ 2.5 times ULN
  • Creatinine ≤ 1.5 times ULN
  • Troponin-T normal
  • Left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) ≥ 50% by ECHO or MUGA
  • Not pregnant or nursing
  • Negative pregnancy test
  • Fertile patients must use effective contraception
  • Agrees to provide blood and tissue samples for the mandatory translational research component of the study
  • Must be able to avoid direct contact with pregnant or nursing women, infants, and immuno compromised individuals during study and for ≥ 3 weeks following the last dose of study agent
  • No concurrent uncontrolled illness including, but not limited to, any of the following:

    • Ongoing or active infection
    • Symptomatic congestive heart failure
    • Unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, or myocardial infarction within the past year
    • Psychiatric illness/social situation that would preclude study compliance
  • No known HIV positivity

    • Patients with a clinical history suggestive of an immuno compromised status are required to undergo HIV testing
  • More than 4 weeks since prior chemotherapy (6 weeks for mitomycin C or nitrosoureas) and recovered
  • More than 2 weeks since prior radiotherapy, immunotherapy, or treatment with small molecule cell cycle inhibitors
  • No other concurrent investigational agents
  • No other concurrent anticancer therapy

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00651157

United States, Minnesota
Mayo Clinic
Rochester, Minnesota, United States, 55905
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Principal Investigator: Evanthia Galanis Mayo Clinic

Responsible Party: National Cancer Institute (NCI) Identifier: NCT00651157     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: NCI-2009-00233
NCI-2009-00233 ( Registry Identifier: CTRP (Clinical Trial Reporting Program) )
MC0672 ( Other Identifier: Mayo Clinic )
7848 ( Other Identifier: CTEP )
N01CM00070 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: April 2, 2008    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: October 16, 2013
Last Update Posted: April 22, 2014
Last Verified: February 2014

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Neuroendocrine Tumors
Neuroectodermal Tumors
Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms, Nerve Tissue
Nevi and Melanomas