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Tailored Messages to Increase Eye Examination Behavior

The recruitment status of this study is unknown. The completion date has passed and the status has not been verified in more than two years.
Verified March 2008 by National Eye Institute (NEI).
Recruitment status was:  Active, not recruiting
Information provided by:
National Eye Institute (NEI) Identifier:
First received: March 28, 2008
Last updated: NA
Last verified: March 2008
History: No changes posted
The purpose of this project is to test two different types of health messages, one that is developed for a specific group (targeted) and the other that is more personalized to individuals (tailored), to see which is better at changing how often people have their eyes examined. We hypothesize that people who get the tailored messages will be more likely to get a dilated eye exam than people who receive the targeted messages.

Condition Intervention
Eye Disease Eye Care Behavioral: tailored newsletter Behavioral: targeted newsletter

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double (Participant, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: Tailored Messages to Increase Eye Examination Behavior

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by National Eye Institute (NEI):

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • doctor-confirmed dilated eye examination [ Time Frame: 3 and 6 months ]

Enrollment: 330
Study Start Date: June 2006
Estimated Study Completion Date: May 2008
Estimated Primary Completion Date: May 2008 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Active Comparator: 1
tailored print messages to encourage eye examination behavior
Behavioral: tailored newsletter
Tailored newsletter that addresses each person's stage of change, barriers to getting eye exams, and knowledge of eye exams and eye disease
Active Comparator: 2
targeted print messages to encourage eye examination behavior
Behavioral: targeted newsletter
Targeted newsletter that contains messages about barriers to getting eye exams and presents facts about glaucoma and African-Americans.

Detailed Description:
Studies have shown that people are not getting their eyes examined on a regular basis, even though dilated eye exams can detect eye diseases like glaucoma and diabetic retinopathy early, before significant vision loss has developed. Early detection can lead to earlier treatment, which can save sight by preventing or slowing the progression of these eye diseases. In this project we designed, implemented, and are now evaluating tailored and targeted print health messages to increase eye examination behavior in an African-American population 65 years of age and older, a group at increased risk of glaucoma and diabetes.

Ages Eligible for Study:   65 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes

Inclusion Criteria:

  • African-American
  • 65 years of age or older
  • no dilated fundus exam in past 2 years

Exclusion Criteria:

  • appointment for dilated fundus exam scheduled
  • no access to phone
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00649766

United States, Maryland
University of Maryland School of Medicine
Baltimore, Maryland, United States, 21201
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Eye Institute (NEI)
Principal Investigator: Nancy J. Ellish, DrPH, MSPH University of Maryland
  More Information

Publications automatically indexed to this study by Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: Nancy Ellish, University of Maryland, Baltimore Identifier: NCT00649766     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: R01EY015899 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
Study First Received: March 28, 2008
Last Updated: March 28, 2008

Keywords provided by National Eye Institute (NEI):
tailored health messages
diabetic retinopathy
dilated fundus exams
health behavior

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Eye Diseases processed this record on September 21, 2017