Tailored Messages to Increase Eye Examination Behavior

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00649766
Recruitment Status : Unknown
Verified March 2008 by National Eye Institute (NEI).
Recruitment status was:  Active, not recruiting
First Posted : April 1, 2008
Last Update Posted : April 1, 2008
Information provided by:
National Eye Institute (NEI)

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this project is to test two different types of health messages, one that is developed for a specific group (targeted) and the other that is more personalized to individuals (tailored), to see which is better at changing how often people have their eyes examined. We hypothesize that people who get the tailored messages will be more likely to get a dilated eye exam than people who receive the targeted messages.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Eye Disease Eye Care Behavioral: tailored newsletter Behavioral: targeted newsletter Not Applicable

Detailed Description:
Studies have shown that people are not getting their eyes examined on a regular basis, even though dilated eye exams can detect eye diseases like glaucoma and diabetic retinopathy early, before significant vision loss has developed. Early detection can lead to earlier treatment, which can save sight by preventing or slowing the progression of these eye diseases. In this project we designed, implemented, and are now evaluating tailored and targeted print health messages to increase eye examination behavior in an African-American population 65 years of age and older, a group at increased risk of glaucoma and diabetes.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 330 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double (Participant, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: Tailored Messages to Increase Eye Examination Behavior
Study Start Date : June 2006
Estimated Primary Completion Date : May 2008
Estimated Study Completion Date : May 2008

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

U.S. FDA Resources

Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: 1
tailored print messages to encourage eye examination behavior
Behavioral: tailored newsletter
Tailored newsletter that addresses each person's stage of change, barriers to getting eye exams, and knowledge of eye exams and eye disease
Active Comparator: 2
targeted print messages to encourage eye examination behavior
Behavioral: targeted newsletter
Targeted newsletter that contains messages about barriers to getting eye exams and presents facts about glaucoma and African-Americans.

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. doctor-confirmed dilated eye examination [ Time Frame: 3 and 6 months ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

Ages Eligible for Study:   65 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes

Inclusion Criteria:

  • African-American
  • 65 years of age or older
  • no dilated fundus exam in past 2 years

Exclusion Criteria:

  • appointment for dilated fundus exam scheduled
  • no access to phone

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00649766

United States, Maryland
University of Maryland School of Medicine
Baltimore, Maryland, United States, 21201
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Eye Institute (NEI)
Principal Investigator: Nancy J. Ellish, DrPH, MSPH University of Maryland

Publications of Results:
Publications automatically indexed to this study by Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: Nancy Ellish, University of Maryland, Baltimore Identifier: NCT00649766     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: R01EY015899 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: April 1, 2008    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: April 1, 2008
Last Verified: March 2008

Keywords provided by National Eye Institute (NEI):
tailored health messages
diabetic retinopathy
dilated fundus exams
health behavior

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Eye Diseases