Memantine and Antipsychotics Use (MemAP)
|Study Design:||Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Prospective, Single-arm, Multi-centre, Open-label Study to Investigate the Potential to Reduce Concomitant Antipsychotics Use in Patients With Moderate to Severe Dementia of Alzheimer's Type (DAT) Treated With Memantine|
- Maximum Dose Reduction of Antipsychotics (AP) in Percent of Defined Daily Dose (DDD) From Baseline to a Post-baseline Visit at Which the Value of the Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) Compared With the Baseline Value Was =< 15 Percent. [ Time Frame: Week 8-20 post baseline ]VAS: see #8. Mean "percent of the total Defined Daily Dose (DDD)", averaged over one week, was calculated. Total DDD was calculated as sum of DDD for each AP drug. DDD is the assumed average maintenance dose per day defined by WHO. The reduction of AP Δ [percent] was calculated as a difference between the mean total DDD recorded at baseline and the mean total DDD recorded at the respective week. Measurements from those post-baseline visits were taken into account only when the value of the VAS was not substantially worse compared to baseline.
- Reduction of Antipsychotic Drug Dose From Baseline to Week 8, 12, 16 and/or 20. [ Time Frame: Week 8-20 post Baseline ]See #1 and #8. Change of <0 reveals a reduction of AP compared to baseline.
- Change in the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) Score Value From Baseline to Week 20. [ Time Frame: Week 20 post baseline ]MMSE is a brief, physician-administered scale, designed for measuring the cognitive functions, such as: orientation, memory, attention, naming, and comprehension. The scoring range of MMSE is 0 to 30 points. A score of 23 or lower is indicative of cognitive impairment. Change of >0 reveals an improvement compared to baseline.
- Change of "Test for the Early Detection of Dementia With Discrimination From Depression [TE4D]" Score Value From Baseline to Week 4, 8, 12, 16, and/or 20 - First Part: Total Dementia [ Time Frame: Week 4-20 post baseline ]
TE4D is a psychometric, physician-administered test that is used for both screening subjects with early dementia and monitoring the clinical progress of the disease. The first part consists of 9 items, which assess different symptoms associated with dementia such as memory, time-orientation, etc. The scoring range is 0 to 50 points. A score of 35 or lower is an indication of dementia.
A change >0 represents an improvement.
- Change of "Test for the Early Detection of Dementia With Discrimination From Depression [TE4D]" Score Value From Baseline to Week 4, 8, 12, 16, and/or 20 - Second Part: Total Depression [ Time Frame: Week 4-20 post Baseline ]
TE4D is a psychometric, physician-administered test that is used for both screening subjects with early dementia and monitoring the clinical progress of the disease. The second part consists of a proxy rating and a self-assessment rating. The scoring range of each rating is 1 to 10. The maximum total score of 10 corresponds to severe depression.
A change <0 reveals an improvement compared to baseline.
- Change of Modified Alzheimer's Disease Cooperative Study - Activities of Daily Living Inventory (ADCS-ADLB19) Score Value From Baseline to Week 4, 8, 12, 16, and/or 20. [ Time Frame: Week 4-20 post Baseline ]
The modified ADCS-ADL19 is comprehensive battery of ADL questions aimed to measure the functional ability of subjects with Dementia of Alzheimer's type over a broad range of dementia severity. It has a scoring range of 0 to 54 with the lower scores indicating greater functional impairment. Each ADL item was rated from the highest level of independent performance to complete loss.
Change of >0 reveals an improvement compared to baseline.
- Change of Nurses' Observation Scale for Geriatric Patients [NOSGER] Total Score Value From Baseline to Week 4, 8, 12, 16, and/or 20 [ Time Frame: Week 4-20 post Baseline ]
NOSGER is a comprehensive scale, which contains 30 items of behavior, each rated on a 5-point scale according to the frequency of occurrence by direct observation. Item scores are summarized into 6 dimension scores: memory, instrumental activities of daily life, self-care, mood, social behavior, and disturbing behavior. The NOSGER has a scoring range of 30 to 150 with the higher scores indicating worse subject's status. The items in each group are rated for their frequency ranging from 1 (never) to 5 (always).
A change of <0 reveals an improvement compared to baseline.
- Change in the VAS Score From Baseline to Week 8, 12, 16 and/or 20. [ Time Frame: Week 8-20 post Baseline ]VAS is a report device to measure the subject's burden caused by behavioral symptoms. To measure the burden on the VAS only the first 3 items of the Neuropsychiatric Inventory (NPI) Questionnaire were considered (delusions, hallucinations (visual and auditory), and agitation / aggression). The VAS consists of a 100 mm horizontal line, anchored at the ends with the reference "not at all" and "extremely". The VAS score was determined by measuring in mm from the left hand end of the line to the point, where the investigator had marked the magnitude of a subject's burden.
|Study Start Date:||July 2008|
|Study Completion Date:||June 2009|
|Primary Completion Date:||May 2009 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
memantine tablets, twice a day (bid), for 20 weeks
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00649220
|Krefeld, North-Rhine-Westphalia, Germany|
|Study Director:||Medical Expert||Merz Pharmaceuticals GmbH|