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Mirror-Box Training in Adults With Chronic Hemiparesis Secondary to Stroke

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00643864
Recruitment Status : Terminated (lack of enrollment)
First Posted : March 26, 2008
Results First Posted : August 5, 2019
Last Update Posted : August 5, 2019
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Mark Hirsch, Atrium Health

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this project is to assess the effects of four weeks of mirror-box training on weakness of one arm secondary to stroke. Primary measures are function and strength. Secondary measures will evaluate muscle tone, flexibility, and the subject's perception of their everyday function and improvement. Research Hypothesis: For chronic upper limb hemiparesis secondary to stroke, four weeks of mirror-box training with movement of the unaffected limb only results in a mean increase of 10 points on the Fugl-Meyer Test of Motor Recovery (Upper Extremity).

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Stroke Behavioral: mirror training Not Applicable

Detailed Description:
Due to the relatively new nature of mirror training, there are few randomized controlled studies. This pilot case series will serve as our initial step in trying to identify the frequency, duration, and treatment exercises needed in this population. Additionally, this pilot will allow us to ensure our outcome measures are appropriate to detect meaningful treatment changes. After obtaining informed consent, patients will undergo two separate baseline assessments of strength, function, and tone 4 weeks apart. Training sessions will consist of supervised activities using the unaffected arm while observing its mirror reflection; the affected arm will remain still. Sessions will be one hour a day, five days a week, for four weeks. Patients will be tested for strength, function and tone in the affected arm at completion of the four week treatment period by the same occupational therapist that performed the pretests.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 3 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Mirror-Box Training in Adults With Chronic Hemiparesis Secondary to Stroke: A Descriptive Case Series and Pilot Study
Study Start Date : February 2006
Actual Primary Completion Date : February 2012
Actual Study Completion Date : February 2012

Arm Intervention/treatment
Mirror training
Training will be performed one-on-one by an investigator in a quiet room, one hour a day, five days a week, for four weeks. The mirror-box apparatus consists of an 18" x 24" vertical mirror secured in the center of a wooden platform. During training, the mirror-box will be placed on a table in front of the subject so that the mirror is perpendicular to the chest, slightly lateral of midline. Subjects will be asked to attend to the mirror reflection of their unaffected hand performing a series of tasks, while keeping their affected limb still. At the end of the four week training period, posttests will be administered by the same therapist who performed the pretests.
Behavioral: mirror training
Training will be performed one-on-one by an investigator in a quiet room, one hour a day, five days a week, for four weeks. Attendance will be recorded. The mirror-box apparatus consists of an 18" x 24" vertical mirror secured in the center of a wooden platform. During training, the mirror-box will be placed on a table in front of the subject so that the mirror is perpendicular to the chest, slightly lateral of midline. Subjects will be asked to attend to the mirror reflection of their unaffected hand performing a series of tasks, while keeping their affected limb still. At the end of the four week training period, posttests will be administered by the same Occupational Therapist who performed the pretests.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. The Fugl-Meyer Assessment of Motor Function After Stroke [ Time Frame: preintervention and post intervention ]
    The Fugl-Meyer Assessment of Motor Function After Stroke, a widely used scale of motor recovery after stroke. The subscale upper extremity motor function was used. This test requires progressively more complex movements and hand grasps and measure speed and coordination. Each item is graded on a 3-point ordinal scale (0=cannot perform; 1=partially performs; 2=performs fully) with a minimum score of 0 and a maximum score of 66 for the upper extremity. Higher scores indicate better outcome.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Arm Motor Ability Test [ Time Frame: preintervention and post intervention ]
    The Arm Motor Ability Test evaluates disabilities in upper extremity function in activities of daily living using a quantitative and qualitative measure. The Functional Ability Scale and the Quality of Movement Scale are rated on an ordinal scale from 0-5. The score for the Functional Ability Scale ranges from 0 to 140. The score for the Quality of Movement Scale ranges from 0 to 140. Higher scores on the Functional Ability and Quality Scale of the Arm Motor Ability Test indicate more normal movement and a better outcome.

  2. Arm Motor Ability Test - Timed [ Time Frame: pre intervention and post intervention ]
    The time in seconds to complete 28 tasks is recorded. The tasks are: 1 pick up utensils, 2 cut meat, 3 fork to mouth, 4 pick up sandwich, 5 sandwich to mouth, 6 pick up spoon, 7 bean in spoon, 8 spoon to mouth, 9 grasp mug handle, 10 mug to mouth, 11pick up comb, 12 comb hair, 13 grasp jar top, 14 open jar, 15 tie lace, 16 phone to ear, 17 press phone number, 18 wipe up water, 19 throw away towel, 20 paretic arm in sleeve, 21 button two buttons, 22 arms in T-shirt, 23 shirt over head, 24 straighten shirt, 25 prop on extended arm, 26 turn on light, 27 open door, 28 close door. The total time in seconds to complete all 28 tasks is recorded - as a total summary score. There is no minimum value. There is no maximum value. Lower scores (e.g., less time to complete the 28 tasks) indicate faster performance and better outcome.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   30 Years to 80 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • First unilateral ischemic stroke resulting in hemiparesis at least 6 months prior to enrollment.
  • Age at time of enrollment: 30-80 years.
  • Voluntary informed consent of patient.
  • Patient willing to comply with protocol and is available for all scheduled visits.
  • Residual upper extremity hemiparesis.
  • No changes in medications planned during 8-week participation.
  • No other motor rehabilitative therapy during 8-week participation, including E-stim and acupuncture.
  • At least 20 degrees of active wrist extension and 10 degrees of active finger extension against gravity in the affected upper limb, as measured by goniometry.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Serious cognitive deficits, as evidenced by score of <20 on Modified Mini-Mental Status Exam
  • Hemorrhagic or bilateral strokes
  • Excessive spasticity at the elbow, wrist, or hand, defined as a Modified Ashworth Scale score of >2
  • History of botulinum toxin injection in affected upper extremity in the past 4 months
  • Lacking >40 degrees of passive elbow extension
  • Less than 45 degrees of passive shoulder flexion
  • Global or receptive aphasia present on physical exam
  • Hemispatial neglect present on physical exam
  • Patient participating in constraint-induced therapy during study time period
  • Severe visual deficits or visual field deficits as determined by ability to ascertain number of fingers held up on visual field testing
  • Deformity/amputation of unaffected upper limb

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00643864


Locations
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United States, North Carolina
Carolinas Rehabilitation
Charlotte, North Carolina, United States, 28203
Sponsors and Collaborators
Atrium Health
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Mark A Hirsch, PhD CHS
Study Director: Flora M Hammond, MD CHS

Additional Information:
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Responsible Party: Mark Hirsch, Research Scientist, Atrium Health
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00643864    
Other Study ID Numbers: 12-05-14B
First Posted: March 26, 2008    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: August 5, 2019
Last Update Posted: August 5, 2019
Last Verified: August 2019
Keywords provided by Mark Hirsch, Atrium Health:
mirror training
stroke
hemiparesis
rehabilitation
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Stroke
Paresis
Cerebrovascular Disorders
Brain Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Vascular Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Neurologic Manifestations
Signs and Symptoms