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Efficacy vs Placebo as Initial Combination Therapy With Pioglitazone

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00641043
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : March 21, 2008
Results First Posted : June 7, 2011
Last Update Posted : February 17, 2014
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
Boehringer Ingelheim

Brief Summary:
The objective of the current study is to investigate the efficacy, safety and tolerability of BI 1356 (Linagliptin) (5 mg / once daily) compared to placebo given for 24 weeks as initial combination therapy with pioglitazone 30 mg in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus with insufficient glycaemic control.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 Drug: placebo + pioglitazone (30 mg) Drug: Linagliptin + pioglitazone (30 mg) Phase 3

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 389 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Randomised, Double-blind, Placebo Controlled, Parallel Group 24 Week Study to Assess the Efficacy and Safety of BI 1356 (5 mg) in Combination With 30 mg Pioglitazone (Both Administered Orally Once Daily), Compared to 30 mg Pioglitazone Plus Placebo in Drug Naive or Previously Treated Type 2 Diabetic Patients With Insufficient Glycaemic Control.
Study Start Date : March 2008
Actual Primary Completion Date : June 2009

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

U.S. FDA Resources

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: BI 1356 (5 mg)
BI 1356 5mg in initial combination therapy with pioglitazone 30 mg
Drug: Linagliptin + pioglitazone (30 mg)
5 mg tablet + overcapsulated 30 mg tablet, once daily
Placebo Comparator: Placebo matching BI 1356 5 mg
Placebo in initial combination therapy with pioglitazone 30 mg
Drug: placebo + pioglitazone (30 mg)
placebo + overcapsulated 30 mg tablet, once daily



Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. HbA1c Change From Baseline to Week 24 [ Time Frame: Baseline and week 24 ]
    HbA1c is measured as a percentage. Thus, this change from baseline reflects the Week 24 HbA1c percent minus the baseline HbA1c percent. Means are treatment adjusted for baseline HbA1c and previous anti-diabetic medication.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. HbA1c Change From Baseline to Week 6 [ Time Frame: Baseline and week 6 ]
    HbA1c is measured as a percentage. Thus, this change from baseline reflects the Week 6 HbA1c percent minus the baseline HbA1c percent. Means are treatment adjusted for baseline HbA1c and previous anti-diabetic medication.

  2. HbA1c Change From Baseline to Week 12 [ Time Frame: Baseline and week 12 ]
    HbA1c is measured as a percentage. Thus, this change from baseline reflects the Week 12 HbA1c percent minus the baseline HbA1c percent. Means are treatment adjusted for baseline HbA1c and previous anti-diabetic medication.

  3. HbA1c Change From Baseline to Week 18 [ Time Frame: Baseline and week 18 ]
    HbA1c is measured as a percentage. Thus, this change from baseline reflects the Week 18 HbA1c percent minus the baseline HbA1c percent. Means are treatment adjusted for baseline HbA1c and previous anti-diabetic medication.

  4. FPG Change From Baseline to Week 24 [ Time Frame: Baseline and week 24 ]
    This change from baseline reflects the Week 24 FPG minus the baseline FPG. Means are treatment adjusted for baseline HbA1c, baseline FPG and previous anti-diabetic medication.

  5. FPG Change From Baseline to Week 6 [ Time Frame: Baseline and week 6 ]
    This change from baseline reflects the Week 6 FPG minus the baseline FPG. Means are treatment adjusted for baseline HbA1c, baseline FPG and previous anti-diabetic medication.

  6. FPG Change From Baseline to Week 12 [ Time Frame: Baseline and week 12 ]
    This change from baseline reflects the Week 12 FPG minus the baseline FPG. Means are treatment adjusted for baseline HbA1c, baseline FPG and previous anti-diabetic medication.

  7. FPG Change From Baseline to Week 18 [ Time Frame: Baseline and week 18 ]
    This change from baseline reflects the Week 18 FPG minus the baseline FPG. Means are treatment adjusted for baseline HbA1c, baseline FPG and previous anti-diabetes medication.

  8. Percentage of Patients With HbA1c <7.0% at Week 24 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 24 ]
    The percentage of patients with an HbA1c value below 7% at week 24 was calculated for each treatment arm. If a patient did not have an HbA1c value at week 24 they were considered a failure, so HbA1c above 7%. Only patients with baseline HbA1c >= 7%

  9. Percentage of Patients With HbA1c<7.0 at Week 24 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 24 ]
    The percentage of patients with an HbA1c value below 7% at week 24 was calculated for each treatment arm. If a patient did not have an HbA1c value at week 24 they were considered a failure, so HbA1c above 7%.

  10. Percentage of Patients With HbA1c <6.5% at Week 24 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 24 ]
    The percentage of patients with an HbA1c value below 6.5% at week 24 was calculated for each treatment arm. If a patient did not have an HbA1c value at week 24 they were considered a failure, so HbA1c above 6.5%. Only patients with baseline HbA1c >= 6.5%

  11. Percentage of Patients With HbA1c<6.5% at Week 24 [ Time Frame: Baseline and week 24 ]
    The percentage of patients with an HbA1c value below 6.5% at week 24 was calculated for each treatment arm. If a patient did not have an HbA1c value at week 24 they were considered a failure, so HbA1c above 6.5%

  12. Percentage of Patients Who Have an HbA1c Lowering by 0.5% at Week 24 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 24 ]
    The percentage of patients with an HbA1c reduction from baseline greater than 0.5% at week 24 was calculated for each treatment arm. If a patient did not have an HbA1c value at week 24 they were considered a failure, so HbA1c reduction less than 0.5%.



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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 80 Years   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion criteria:

  1. Signed and dated written Informed Consent (IC) by date of Visit 1a in accordance with Good Clinical Practice (GCP) and local legislation
  2. Patients with a diagnosis of type 2 diabetes mellitus and treatment naive or previously treated with any oral hypoglycaemic agent; antidiabetic therapy has to be unchanged for ten weeks prior to informed consent.
  3. Glycosylated haemoglobin A1 (HbA1c) 7.5-11% at Visit 2 (Start of Run-in).
  4. Male and female patients aged > or = 18 and < or = to 80 years at Visit 1a (Screening).
  5. Body Mass Index (BMI) < or = 40 kg/m2 at Visit 1a (Screening)
  6. Signed and dated written informed consent prior to admission to the study in accordance with GCP and local legislation.

Exclusion criteria:

  1. Myocardial infarction, stroke or Transient Isquemic Atack (TIA) within 6 months prior to Inform Consent (IC)
  2. Impaired hepatic function, defined by serum levels of either Alanine Aminotransferase (ALT), Aspartate Aminotransferase (AST), or alkaline phosphatase above 3 x upper limit of normal (ULN) determined at Visit 1a.
  3. Known hypersensitivity or allergy to the investigational product or its excipients and/or to hydrochloride of pioglitazone or its excipients
  4. Treatment with Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) analogue / agonist within 3 months prior to IC.
  5. Treatment with insulin within 3 months prior to IC
  6. Treatment with anti-obesity drugs 3 months prior to IC.
  7. Alcohol abuse within the 3 months prior to IC that would interfere with trial participation or drug abuse.
  8. Participation in another trial with an investigational drug within 2 months prior to IC.
  9. Fasting blood glucose > 240 mg/dl (=13.3 mmol/L) at screening (Visit 1).
  10. Pre-menopausal women (last menstruation < or =1 year prior to signing IC) who:

    • are nursing or pregnant,
    • or are of child-bearing potential and are not practicing an acceptable method of birth control, or do not plan to continue using this method throughout the study and do not agree to submit to periodic pregnancy testing during participation in the trial. Acceptable methods of birth control include transdermal patch, intra uterine devices/systems (IUDs/IUSs), oral, implantable or injectable contraceptives, sexual abstinence and vasectomised partner. No exception will be made.
  11. Treatment with systemic steroids or change in the dosage of thyroid hormone within six weeks prior to IC
  12. Heart failure New York Heart Asociation (NYHA) class I-IV, or history of heart failure.
  13. Diabetic ketoacidosis within 6 months prior to IC.
  14. Hemodialyzed patients due to limited experience with Thiazolidinediones (TZDs)
  15. Any other clinical condition wich, in the opinion of the investigator, would not alow safe completion of the protocol and safe administration of BI1356 and pioglitazone.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00641043


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Sponsors and Collaborators
Boehringer Ingelheim
Investigators
Study Chair: Boehringer Ingelheim Boehringer Ingelheim

Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: Boehringer Ingelheim, Study Chair, Boehringer Ingelheim
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00641043     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 1218.15
2007-002456-41 ( EudraCT Number: EudraCT )
First Posted: March 21, 2008    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: June 7, 2011
Last Update Posted: February 17, 2014
Last Verified: January 2014

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Diabetes Mellitus
Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2
Glucose Metabolism Disorders
Metabolic Diseases
Endocrine System Diseases
Pioglitazone
Linagliptin
Hypoglycemic Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Incretins
Hormones
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists
Dipeptidyl-Peptidase IV Inhibitors
Protease Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action