Try our beta test site
IMPORTANT: Listing of a study on this site does not reflect endorsement by the National Institutes of Health. Talk with a trusted healthcare professional before volunteering for a study. Read more...

Memantine for Spasticity in MS Patients

This study has been completed.
Forest Laboratories
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Andrew Goodman, University of Rochester Identifier:
First received: March 10, 2008
Last updated: November 6, 2015
Last verified: November 2015
Participants (n=20) will be identified at routine care visits performed at the Rochester Multiple Sclerosis Center. Eligible participants will have MS by McDonald Criteria,7 and will have a modified Ashworth spasticity rating8 of two or higher in at least one lower extremity muscle group. Participants will be seen at screening, one, and three months, and will be evaluated using the modified Ashworth scale,8 pendulum test,9 toe tapping test,10 manual muscle testing,11 timed 25 foot walk,12 and Multiple Sclerosis Functional Composite.13 The type and severity of any adverse events will be recorded using standard definitions. Participants will be instructed to call between visits to inform the investigators regarding any adverse events they experience. Follow-up will continue until all adverse events resolve or stabilize.

Condition Intervention Phase
Multiple Sclerosis
Drug: placebo
Drug: memantine
Phase 4

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Memantine for Spasticity in MS Patients

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by University of Rochester:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Difference in Ashworth Spasticity Scale Score Between Baseline and 12 Weeks [ Time Frame: Baseline and 12 weeks ]

    spasticity scale score: the most common used tool to measure the degree of spasticity of the lower extremities.

    Score: Degree of Muscle Tone 0: no increase in tone

    1. slight increase in tone 1+: slight increase in tone, manifested by a catch, followed by minimal resistance throughout the remainder (less than half) of the range of motion.
    2. more marked increase in muscle tone through most of the range of movement, but affected part(s) easily moved.
    3. considerable increase in muscle tone, passive movement difficult.
    4. affected part(s) rigid in flexion or extension.

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Difference in the Multiple Sclerosis Spacticy Scale (MSSS-88) Between Baseline and 12 Weeks [ Time Frame: baseline, 12 weeks ]

    Multiple Sclerosis Spacticy Scale (MSSS-88) is a patient reported questionnaire rating scale to quantify the perspectives of the impact of spasticity on people with multiple sclerosis.

    Scoring: Individual items are scored on a 4 point Likert scale: 1 (Not bothered at all), 2 (a little bothered), 3 (moderately bothered), 4 (extremely bothered).This questionnaire asks how bothered you have been by your spasticity in the past two weeks. By spasticity we mean muscle stiffness and spasms.The MSSS-88 is a reliable and valid, patient-based, interval-level measure of the impact of spasticity in multiple sclerosis. Scores were summed, without weighting or standardization, to generate ordinal-level total scores just as any other Likert-type scale. Missing responses to items can be replaced with the mean score of the items completed (person-specific item mean score) provided that 50% or more of the items in a scale have been completed. The range is 8-32 and higher scores mean poorer outcome.

  • Change in Multiple Sclerosis Functional Composite (MSFC) Score Between Baseline and Week 12 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 12 ]

    9-Hole Peg Test (9-HPT) is a quantitative measure of upper extremity function. Timed 25-Foot Walk (T 25 FW) is a quantitative measure of lower extremity function. The patient is instructed to walk 25 feet as quickly as possible, but safely.

    Paced Auditory Serial Addition Test-3 seconds (PASAT-3) is a measure of cognitive function that assesses auditory information processing speed and flexibility, as well as calculation ability.

    The MSFC is based on the concept that scores for these 3 dimensions—arm, leg, and cognitive function are combined to create a single score that can be used to detect change over time in a group of MS patients. This is done by creating Z-scores for each component of the MSFC. Implicit in this approach is the idea that patients who deteriorate or improve on all 3 component measures will have an overall larger change than patients who change on only 1 of the 3 measures. The MSFC score was transformed to z-scores, with higher scores indicating better outcome.

Enrollment: 21
Study Start Date: July 2006
Study Completion Date: February 2009
Primary Completion Date: February 2009 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: 1
Memantine 10 mg bid
Drug: memantine
10 mg bid
Other Name: Namenda
Placebo Comparator: 2
Drug: placebo
matched tablets bid

Detailed Description:
This is a randomized, placebo controlled, double-blind, parallel group trial of memantine in patients with MS and spasticity. Participants will be identified at routine care visits at the Rochester Multiple Sclerosis Center. After obtaining informed consent, patients will undergo screening, which will include a physical/neurologic exam and an assessment of the Expanded Disability Status Scale, spasticity, and functional abilities. Eligible patients will return for a baseline evaluation, will initiate their randomly assigned study medication, and will return after one and three months for re-evaluation. The type and severity of any adverse events will be recorded using standard definitions. Participants will be instructed to call between visits to inform the investigators regarding any adverse events they experience. Follow-up will continue until all adverse events resolve or stabilize.

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 70 Years   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Multiple sclerosis by McDonald Criteria.
  2. Spasticity. A minimum score of two on the Ashworth spasticity scale in at least one lower extremity muscle group and a total score of at least four in the lower extremity muscles tested.
  3. Age 18-70.
  4. Normal renal function (estimated CrCl > 50 ml/min).
  5. Women of childbearing potential (i.e., those not postmenopausal or surgically sterile) may participate provided that they are using adequate birth control methods (including barrier methods, IUD, and oral contraceptives) for the duration of the study.
  6. Willing and able to perform all procedures related to the clinical trial and to provide informed consent.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Evidence of clinically significant thyroid, gastrointestinal, cardiovascular, hepatic, renal, hematologic, respiratory, neoplastic, endocrine (including diabetes mellitus), neurologic (other than MS), or other medical or psychiatric disorder at screening.
  2. Women must not be pregnant or lactating. Serum or urine pregnancy tests will be required prior to randomization for women of childbearing potential unless the last menstrual period started less than 28 days prior to randomization.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00638027

United States, New York
University of Rochester
Rochester, New York, United States, 14642
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Rochester
Forest Laboratories
Principal Investigator: Andrew D Goodman, MD University of Rochester
  More Information

Publications automatically indexed to this study by Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: Andrew Goodman, MD, University of Rochester Identifier: NCT00638027     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 8049
Study First Received: March 10, 2008
Results First Received: January 31, 2013
Last Updated: November 6, 2015

Keywords provided by University of Rochester:
multiple sclerosis

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Multiple Sclerosis
Pathologic Processes
Demyelinating Autoimmune Diseases, CNS
Autoimmune Diseases of the Nervous System
Nervous System Diseases
Demyelinating Diseases
Autoimmune Diseases
Immune System Diseases
Antiparkinson Agents
Anti-Dyskinesia Agents
Dopamine Agents
Neurotransmitter Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Excitatory Amino Acid Antagonists
Excitatory Amino Acid Agents processed this record on April 27, 2017