A Phase I/II Trial of VR-CHOP in Lymphoma Patients

This study is ongoing, but not recruiting participants.
Millennium Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Christopher R. Flowers, Emory University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
First received: February 11, 2008
Last updated: March 5, 2015
Last verified: March 2015
This is an open-label (doctors and patients know which drug will be given), single center, phase 1/2 clinical trial. The primary objective is to determine whether VR-CHOP provides benefit to patients with previously untreated indolent non-Hodgkin's lymphomas (NHL).

Condition Intervention Phase
Lymphoma, B-Cell
Follicular Lymphoma
Drug: Bortezomib
Biological: Rituximab
Drug: Doxorubicin
Drug: Cyclophosphamide
Drug: Vincristine
Drug: Prednisone
Phase 1
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase I/II Trial of VR-CHOP for Patients With Untreated Follicular Lymphoma and Other Low Grade B-Cell Lymphomas

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by Emory University:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Maximal tolerated doses of bortezomib and vincristine when used in combination of bortezomib, rituximab and the CHOP chemotherapy regimen [ Time Frame: Cycle 1 for MTD, following completion of therapy for CR ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • An estimate of the overall response rate (ORR)(complete response [CR] + CR unconfirmed [CRu] + partial response [PR]) to VR-CHOP according to International Workshop to Standardize Response Criteria (IWRC) criteria [ Time Frame: Following completion of therapy ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Enrollment: 37
Study Start Date: February 2008
Estimated Study Completion Date: December 2015
Estimated Primary Completion Date: December 2015 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Treatment (VR-CHOP regimen)

INDUCTION: Patients receive bortezomib IV on days 1 and 8; rituximab IV, doxorubicin hydrochloride IV over 3-5 minutes, cyclophosphamide IV over 60 minutes, and vincristine sulfate IV over 10 minutes on day 1; and prednisone PO on days 1-5. Treatment repeats every 21 days for up to 8 courses in the absence of disease progression.

MAINTENANCE: Patients achieving CR receive rituximab IV once every 12 weeks for up to 2 years in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients achieving stable disease or PR receive rituximab IV and bortezomib once weekly for 4 weeks every 6 months for up to 2 years in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

Drug: Bortezomib
Bortezomib 1.6 mg/m² given on days 1 and 8
Other Name: Velcade
Biological: Rituximab
Rituximab 375 mg/m²
Other Names:
  • Rituxin
  • MabThera
Drug: Doxorubicin
Doxorubicin 50 mg/m²
Other Name: Adriamycin
Drug: Cyclophosphamide
Cyclophosphamide 750 mg/m²
Other Name: Neosar
Drug: Vincristine
Vincristine 1.4 mg/m² (capped at 1.5 mg maximum) given on day 1
Other Name: Oncovin
Drug: Prednisone
Prednisone 100 mg/day given orally on days 1-5
Other Name: Deltasone

Detailed Description:

This study will assess whether adding bortezomib (Velcade) to R-CHOP (in a new combination called VR-CHOP) can further improve outcomes in patients with indolent NHL who have not previously received treatment.

Patients who are eligible to take part in the study will receive VR-CHOP at the doses of Velcade and vincristine established in phase 1. Patients will receive VR-CHOP for up to 8 cycles of treatment (each of 21 days duration). During treatment, patients will be assessed for their response to therapy and for possible side effects. All patients will go on to receive maintenance therapy after completion of their initial treatment as designed by the protocol.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Tissue diagnosis of a previously untreated, CD20+, B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma.

    • For the Phase 1 trial: patients with any of the following diagnoses are eligible:

      • Follicular Lymphomas (Grade 1, 2, 3a, 3b)
      • Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma
      • Marginal Zone Lymphomas
    • For the Phase 2 trial: patients with any of the following diagnoses are eligible:

      • Follicular Lymphomas (Grade 1, 2, 3a)
      • Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma
      • Marginal Zone Lymphomas
  • Patients with follicular or other low-grade lymphoma must have an indication for treatment based on modified Groupe d'Etude des Lymphomes Folliculaires (GELF) criteria or a Follicular Lymphoma International Prognostic Index (FLIPI) score ≥ 3.

    • Indications for treatment based on modified GELF criteria include any one of the following:

      • B symptoms or other lymphoma-related symptoms
      • Involvement of 3 nodal sites, each with a diameter of 3 cm
      • Any nodal or extranodal tumor mass with a diameter of 7 cm
      • Splenomegaly greater than 16 cm by CT scan.
      • Pleural effusions or peritoneal ascites
      • Cytopenias (leukocytes < 1.0 x 10 /L and/or platelets < 100 x 10/L)
      • Leukemia (> 5.0 x 10 /L circulating malignant cells)
    • Indications for treatment based on FLIPI criteria include any three of the following:

      • Age ≥ 60 years
      • Ann Arbor stage III or IV
      • Hemoglobin level < 120 g/L
      • Number of nodal areas involved > 4
      • Serum lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) level > normal
  • Only chemotherapy-naïve subjects are eligible. Subjects may have received prednisone (< 2 months of therapy) or radiation ≤ 2 sites of therapy.
  • Voluntary written informed consent and Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) Authorization before performance of any study-related procedure not part of normal medical care, with the understanding that consent may be withdrawn by the subject at any time without prejudice to future medical care.
  • Female subject is either post-menopausal or surgically sterilized or willing to use an acceptable method of birth control (i.e., a hormonal contraceptive, intra-uterine device, diaphragm with spermicide, condom with spermicide, or abstinence) for the duration of the study.
  • Female patients of child bearing potential must have a negative β-human chorionic gonadotropin (β-hCG) test.
  • Male subject agrees to use an acceptable method for contraception for the duration of the study.
  • ≥ 18 years of age at the time of registration.
  • Patients must have adequate renal function as demonstrated by a serum creatinine < 1.5 mg/dl unless felt to be secondary to lymphoma.
  • Must have an alanine aminotransferase (ALT)/aspartate aminotransferase (AST) ≤ 3.5 the upper limit of normal and a total bilirubin ≤ 2.0 mg/dL unless secondary to lymphoma.
  • Must have a cardiac left ventricular ejection fraction ≥ 50%.
  • At least 1 measurable tumor mass (greater than 1.5 cm in the longest dimension and greater than 1.0 cm in the short axis).
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status ≤ 2.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Subject with primary or secondary central nervous system (CNS) lymphoma (current or previously treated) will not be eligible.
  • A history of unrelated (non-lymphomatous) neoplasm within the past 10 years other than non-melanoma skin cancer or in-situ cervix cancer. Subjects with a prior diagnosis of malignancy more than 10 years may be entered into the study at the discretion of the Principal Investigator.
  • Serious medical or psychiatric illness likely to interfere with participation in this clinical study.
  • Patient has received other investigational drugs with 14 days before enrollment.
  • Patient has hypersensitivity to boron or mannitol.
  • Female subject is pregnant or breast-feeding. Chemotherapeutic agents are known to have teratogenic effects on developing embryos and to cause chromosomal damage to gametes. These agents also cause bone marrow suppression and can be excreted in milk. Confirmation that the subject is not pregnant must be established by a negative serum β-human chorionic gonadotropin (β-hCG) pregnancy test result obtained during screening. Pregnancy testing is not required for post-menopausal or surgically sterilized women.
  • Patient has ≥ Grade 2 peripheral neuropathy within 14 days before enrollment.
  • Myocardial infarction within 6 months prior to enrollment or has New York Heart Association (NYHA) Class III or IV heart failure, uncontrolled angina, severe uncontrolled ventricular arrhythmias, or electrocardiographic evidence of acute ischemia or active conduction system abnormalities. Prior to study entry, any ECG abnormality at Screening has to be documented by the investigator as not medically relevant.
  • Patient has a platelet count of < 10 x 10¹⁰/L (unless due to bone marrow involvement with lymphoma documented within 14 days before enrollment).
  • Patient has an absolute neutrophil count of < 1.0 x 10⁹/L (unless due to bone marrow involvement with lymphoma documented within 14 days before enrollment).
  • Patient has a calculated or measured creatinine clearance of < 20 mL/minute within 14 days before enrollment.
  • Presence of antibodies to HIV.
  • Subject unwilling to give informed consent.
  Contacts and Locations
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Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00634179

United States, Georgia
Emory University Winship Cancer Institute
Atlanta, Georgia, United States, 30322
Sponsors and Collaborators
Emory University
Millennium Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
Principal Investigator: Christopher Flowers, MD Emory University
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: Christopher R. Flowers, Principal Investigator, Emory University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00634179     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: IRB00002996  X05215 
Study First Received: February 11, 2008
Last Updated: March 5, 2015
Health Authority: United States: Institutional Review Board

Keywords provided by Emory University:

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Lymphoma, B-Cell
Lymphoma, Follicular
Immune System Diseases
Immunoproliferative Disorders
Lymphatic Diseases
Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin
Lymphoproliferative Disorders
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Liposomal doxorubicin
Alkylating Agents
Anti-Inflammatory Agents
Antibiotics, Antineoplastic
Antimitotic Agents
Antineoplastic Agents
Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating
Antineoplastic Agents, Hormonal
Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic
Antirheumatic Agents
Enzyme Inhibitors
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on February 07, 2016