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Rituximab, Lenalidomide, and Bortezomib in Mantle Cell Lymphoma

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
Millennium Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
Celgene
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
SCRI Development Innovations, LLC
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00633594
First received: March 4, 2008
Last updated: December 6, 2016
Last verified: December 2016
  Purpose
This is a Phase I/II multicenter, open-label, dose-escalation study of rituximab, bortezomib, and lenalidomide in the first-line or second-line treatment of patients with Mantle Cell Lymphoma (MCL).

Condition Intervention Phase
Mantle Cell Lymphoma Drug: Rituximab Drug: Bortezomib Drug: Lenalidomide Phase 1 Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase I/II Study Evaluating Rituximab, Lenalidomide, and Bortezomib in the First-Line or Second-Line Treatment of Patients With Mantle Cell Lymphoma

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by SCRI Development Innovations, LLC:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Maximum Tolerated Dose of Lenalidomide Combined With Bortezomib and Rituximab in Phase I Participants [ Time Frame: Collected from day of first dose to the end of the first treatment cycle, up to 21 days ]

    Determination of the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of lenalidomide combined with bortezomib and rituximab, defined as the highest dose at which ≤1 of 6 patients experiences a dose-limiting toxicity according to the NCI CTCAE v. 4.03.

    MTD of Lenalidomide was tested, included with 1.3 mg/m2 subcutaneous (D1, 4, 8, 11) bortezomib, 375 mg/m2 (D1, 8, 15 of Cycle 1, D1 on subsequent cycles) rituximab.

    Three dose limiting toxicities were reported in two patients (grade 4 neutropenia and grade 3 neuropathy, grade 3 rash)


  • Incidence of Non-Serious Adverse Events as a Measure of Safety and Tolerability, Phase II [ Time Frame: Collected from day of first dose to 30 days after the last dose of study medication, a maximum of 18 weeks and 30 days after last study treatment ]

    A count of affected participants with non-serious adverse events (regardless of relationship to study treatments) occurring in >= 15% of treated patients enrolled in the Phase II section of the study.

    Lenalidomide DL-1 dose (10 mg orally, once daily (PO QD)) Day 1-14 followed by 7 days of rest, Rituximab 375 mg/m2 IV Days 1, 8, and 15 of Cycle 1; Cycles 2-6: 375 mg/m2 IV Day 1, Bortezomib 1.3 mg/m2 subcutaneous Days 1, 4, 8, and 11 for Cycles 1-6



Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Overall Response Rate (ORR) of Phase I and Phase II Participants [ Time Frame: Every 6 weeks until treatment discontinuation then every 3 months thereafter, projected average 24 months ]
    Response to treatment (Complete Response (CR) or Partial Response (PR)) determined using Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma Revised Response Criteria for Malignant Lymphoma (Cheson et al. 2007.) CR: complete disappearance of all detectable clinical evidence of disease and disease-related symptoms; PR: 50% or greater decrease in sum of the product of the diameters (SPD) of up to 6 of the largest dominant nodes or extranodal masses, no increase in the size of other nodes, liver or spleen, no new sites of disease, patients who achieve CR but have persistent morphologic bone marrow involvement; Stable Disease (SD): failing to attain PR or CR, but not fulfilling criteria for progressive disease; Progressive Disease (PD)/Relapse: appearance of new lesions more than 1.5 cm in any axis, 50% or greater increase from nadir SPD of any previously involved sites, 50% or greater increase in the longest diameter of any single previously identified node or extranodal mass more than 1 cm in short axis.

  • Overall Response Rate (ORR) of Previously Treated and Previously Untreated Participants [ Time Frame: Every 6 weeks until treatment discontinuation then every 3 months thereafter, projected average 24 months ]
    Response to treatment (Complete Response (CR) or Partial Response (PR)) determined using Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma Revised Response Criteria for Malignant Lymphoma (Cheson et al. 2007.) CR: complete disappearance of all detectable clinical evidence of disease and disease-related symptoms; PR: 50% or greater decrease in sum of the product of the diameters (SPD) of up to 6 of the largest dominant nodes or extranodal masses, no increase in the size of other nodes, liver or spleen, no new sites of disease, patients who achieve CR but have persistent morphologic bone marrow involvement; Stable Disease (SD): failing to attain PR or CR, but not fulfilling criteria for progressive disease; Progressive Disease (PD)/Relapse: appearance of new lesions more than 1.5 cm in any axis, 50% or greater increase from nadir SPD of any previously involved sites, 50% or greater increase in the longest diameter of any single previously identified node or extranodal mass more than 1 cm in short axis.

  • Time to Best Response of Phase I and Phase II Participants [ Time Frame: Every 3 months (+/- 2 weeks) after discontinuation of study treatment for 2 years ]

    Measured from the time of study entry to the documented beginning of response (CR or PR). This is measured in responders per Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma Revised Response Criteria for Malignant Lymphoma (Cheson et al. 2007.) CR: complete disappearance of detectable clinical evidence of disease and disease-related symptoms; PR: 50% or greater decrease in sum of product of diameters (SPD) of up to 6 of the largest dominant nodes or nodal masses, no increase in size of other nodes, liver or spleen, no new disease sites, patients with CR and persistent morphologic bone marrow involvement.

    Time to Best Response will be examined using time-to-event analysis methods. Kaplan-Meier figures will be generated and the log-rank test will be used to examine differences existing between various levels of stratification.


  • Time to Best Response of Previously Treated and Previously Untreated Participants [ Time Frame: Every 3 months (+/- 2 weeks) after discontinuation of study treatment for 2 years ]
    Measured from the time of study entry to the documented beginning of response (CR or PR). This is measured in responders per Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma Revised Response Criteria for Malignant Lymphoma (Cheson et al. 2007.) CR: complete disappearance of detectable clinical evidence of disease and disease-related symptoms; PR: 50% or greater decrease in sum of product of diameters (SPD) of up to 6 of the largest dominant nodes or nodal masses, no increase in size of other nodes, liver or spleen, no new disease sites, patients with CR and persistent morphologic bone marrow involvement.

  • Duration of Response (DoR) of Phase I and Phase II Participants [ Time Frame: Every 3 months (+/- 2 weeks) after discontinuation of study treatment for 2 years or until documented disease progression ]

    Measured from the documented beginning of response (CR or PR) to the time of relapse. This is measured in responders per Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma Revised Response Criteria for Malignant Lymphoma (Cheson et al. 2007.) CR: complete disappearance of detectable clinical evidence of disease and disease-related symptoms; PR: 50% or greater decrease in sum of product of diameters (SPD) of up to 6 of the largest dominant nodes or nodal masses, no increase in size of other nodes, liver or spleen, no new disease sites, patients with CR and persistent morphologic bone marrow involvement.

    Duration of Response will be examined using time-to-event analysis methods. Kaplan-Meier figures will be generated and the log-rank test will be used to examine differences existing between various levels of stratification.


  • Duration of Response (DoR) of Previously Treated and Previously Untreated Participants [ Time Frame: Every 3 months (+/- 2 weeks) after discontinuation of study treatment for 2 years or until documented disease progression ]
    Measured from the documented beginning of response (CR or PR) to the time of relapse. This is measured in responders per Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma Revised Response Criteria for Malignant Lymphoma (Cheson et al. 2007.) CR: complete disappearance of detectable clinical evidence of disease and disease-related symptoms; PR: 50% or greater decrease in sum of product of diameters (SPD) of up to 6 of the largest dominant nodes or nodal masses, no increase in size of other nodes, liver or spleen, no new disease sites, patients with CR and persistent morphologic bone marrow involvement.

  • Progression Free Survival (PFS) of Phase I and Phase II Participants [ Time Frame: Every 3 months (+/- 2 weeks) after discontinuation of study treatment for 2 years, then every 6 months after documented disease progression ]

    Defined as the time from entry onto study until lymphoma progression or death from any cause.

    Progression Free Survival will be examined using time-to-event analysis methods. Kaplan-Meier figures will be generated and the log-rank test will be used to examine differences existing between various levels of stratification.


  • Progression Free Survival (PFS) of Previously Treated and Previously Untreated Participants [ Time Frame: Every 3 months (+/- 2 weeks) after discontinuation of study treatment for 2 years, then every 6 months after documented disease progression ]

    Defined as the time from entry onto study until lymphoma progression or death from any cause.

    Progression Free Survival will be examined using time-to-event analysis methods. Kaplan-Meier figures will be generated and the log-rank test will be used to examine differences existing between various levels of stratification.


  • Overall Survival of Phase I and Phase II Participants [ Time Frame: Every 3 months (+/- 2 weeks) after discontinuation of study treatment for 2 years, then every 6 months after documented disease progression ]

    Defined as the date of study entry to the date of death.

    Overall Survival will be examined using time-to-event analysis methods. Kaplan-Meier figures will be generated and the log-rank test will be used to examine differences existing between various levels of stratification


  • Overall Survival of Previously Treated and Previously Untreated Participants [ Time Frame: Every 3 months (+/- 2 weeks) after discontinuation of study treatment for 2 years, then every 6 months after documented disease progression ]

    Defined as the date of study entry to the date of death.

    Overall Survival will be examined using time-to-event analysis methods. Kaplan-Meier figures will be generated and the log-rank test will be used to examine differences existing between various levels of stratification



Enrollment: 39
Study Start Date: June 2008
Study Completion Date: November 2016
Primary Completion Date: April 2015 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: rituximab/bortezomib/lenalidomide

Patients in Phase I & II to receive treatment with rituximab, bortezomib and lenalidomide in 21-day cycles up to 6 cycles.

Phase I: Cohorts of 3 patients will be enrolled at escalating dose levels to determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD). Doses may be de-escalated if necessary.

Phase II: patients will be treated with the MTD determined in Phase I.

Drug: Rituximab

DL 1, DL 2, and DL 3: 375 mg/m2 IV Days 1, 8, and 15; Cycles 2-6: 375 mg/m2 IV Day 1

Same for DL-1.

Other Names:
  • Rituxan
  • MabThera
Drug: Bortezomib

DL 1, DL 2, and DL 3: 1.3 mg/m2 IV Days 1, 4, 8, and 11

Same for DL-1.

Other Name: Velcade
Drug: Lenalidomide

DL 1: 15 mg PO daily Days 1-14 followed by 7 days of rest

DL 2: 20 mg PO daily Days 1-14 followed by 7 days of rest

DL 3: 25 mg PO daily Days 1-14 followed by 7 days of rest

DL-1: 10 mg PO daily Days 1-14 followed by 7 days of rest

Other Name: Revlimid

Detailed Description:

The combination of lenalidomide with bortezomib has not been studied in patients with MCL, but feasibility and tolerability has been demonstrated in patients with multiple myeloma. Thus, almost every 2-drug combination of rituximab, lenalidomide, and bortezomib has been tested, or is being tested. We hypothesize that all three drugs are important in MCL, and therefore propose to combine all 3 agents (rituximab, bortezomib, and lenalidomide) in a schedule that is convenient to lymphoma patients.

Approximately 18 patients may be enrolled in the Phase I portion of the study. Approximately 45 patients are planned for enrollment in Phase II.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. All study participants must be registered into the Mandatory Revlimid Risk Evaluation and Mitigation Strategies (REMS) Program, and be willing and able to comply with the requirements of the REMS program.
  2. Histology: biopsy-proven mantle cell lymphoma (MCL).
  3. Prior therapy: both newly diagnosed patients and relapsed or refractory patients who have received one prior therapy are eligible. Patients who have previously received high-dose chemotherapy with peripheral stem cell support are eligible.
  4. Presence of at least one lymph node evaluable or mass measurable for response.
  5. Platelets ≥ 75,000/µL and absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥ 1,000/µL within 14 days of study registration (unless the treating physician deems the neutropenia is related to bone marrow involvement, then an ANC of > 750/mm3 is allowed).
  6. Renal function assessed by calculated creatinine clearance between ≥ 30 ml/min and ˂60ml/min by the Cockcroft-Gault method within 14 days of study registration
  7. Total bilirubin ≤ 1.5x upper limit of normal (ULN), aspartate transaminase (AST) (SGOT) and alanine transaminase (ALT) (SGOT) ≤ 3 x ULN
  8. Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance of 0, 1, or 2.
  9. Recovery from any previous treatment therapy.
  10. Females of childbearing potential (FCBP) must adhere to the scheduled pregnancy testing required in the Revlimid REMS® program, must have a negative serum or urine pregnancy test with a sensitivity of at least 50 mIU/mL within 10-14 days prior and again within 24 hours of starting lenalidomide for Cycle 1 (prescriptions must be filled within 7 days as required by Revlimid REMS Program) and must either commit to continued abstinence from heterosexual intercourse or begin two acceptable methods of birth control, one highly effective method and one additional effective method at the same time, at least 28 days before she starts taking lenalidomide. FCBP must also agree to ongoing pregnancy testing. Men must agree to use a latex condom during sexual contact with a FCBP even if they have had a successful vasectomy.
  11. All study participants must be registered into the mandatory Revlimid REMS® program, and be willing and able to comply with the requirements of Revlimid REMS® program.
  12. Ability to understand and willingness to voluntarily sign a written informed consent document before performance of any study-related procedure not part of normal medical care, with the understanding that consent may be withdrawn by the subject at any time without prejudice to future medical care.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Patient has >1.5 x ULN total bilirubin.
  2. Peripheral neuropathy ≥ CTCAE grade 2.
  3. Relapsed or refractory patients who have received more than one prior therapy.
  4. Pregnant or breastfeeding females. (Lactating females must agree not to breastfeed while taking lenalidomide.)
  5. Female patients who have a positive serum pregnancy test during the screening period, or a positive urine pregnancy test on Day 1 before first dose of study drug, if applicable.
  6. Thrombolic or embolic events (such as a cerebrovascular accident, including transient ischemic attacks) within the past 6 months.
  7. Pulmonary hemorrhage/bleeding event ≥ CTCAE grade 2 within 28 days of the first dose of study drug.
  8. Any other hemorrhage/bleeding event ≥ CTCAE grade 3 ≤ 28 days of the first dose of study drug
  9. Known brain metastasis. Patients with neurological symptoms must undergo a CT scan/MRI of the brain to exclude brain metastasis.
  10. Central nervous system (CNS) involvement by lymphoma at time of enrollment.
  11. Other medical conditions or psychiatric illness that would potentially interfere with patient participation in this trial.
  12. A second malignancy, other than basal cell carcinoma of the skin or in situ carcinoma of the cervix, unless the tumor was treated with curative intent at least 2 years previously.
  13. Previous evidence of hypersensitivity to bortezomib, boron, mannitol, thalidomide, (and development of erythema nodosum if characterized by a desquamating rash), or rituximab (true anaphylaxis, not a rituximab-infusion reaction).
  14. Known human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection or chronic hepatitis A, B, or C. Patients who are HIV positive or who are positive for chronic hepatitis A, B, or C will be excluded due to increased risk for bone marrow suppression and other toxicities.
  15. Active, clinically serious infection > CTCAE grade 2. Patients may be eligible upon resolution of the infection.
  16. Evidence or history of bleeding diathesis or coagulopathy.
  17. Major surgery, open biopsy, or significant traumatic injury within 28 days of the first dose of study drug.
  18. Use of any other standard chemotherapy, radiation therapy, or experimental drug for the treatment of MCL within 28 days of starting treatment.
  19. Any condition that impairs a patient's ability to swallow whole pills. Impairment of gastrointestinal function (GI) or GI disease that may significantly alter the absorption of lenalidomide (e.g., ulcerative disease, uncontrolled nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, malabsorption syndrome, or small bowel resection).
  20. Patients with grade 3/4 cardiac problems, as defined by the New York Heart Association (NYHA) criteria or any of the following:

    • History of uncontrolled or symptomatic angina
    • History of arrhythmias requiring medications, or clinically significant, with the exception of asymptomatic atrial fibrillation requiring anticoagulation
    • Myocardial infarction < 6 months from study entry
    • Uncontrolled or symptomatic congestive heart failure
    • Ejection fraction below the institutional normal limit
    • Electrocardiographic evidence of acute ischemia or active conduction system
    • Any other cardiac condition that, in the opinion of the treatment physician, would make this protocol unreasonably hazardous for the patient
    • Prior to study entry, any ECG abnormality at screening has to be documented by the investigator as not medically relevant.
  21. Uncontrolled hypertension (systolic blood pressure [BP] > 180 or diastolic BP > 100mm Hg) or uncontrolled cardiac arrhythmias.
  22. Any prior use of lenalidomide.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00633594

Locations
United States, Indiana
Providence Medical Group
Terre Haute, Indiana, United States, 47802
RHHP/ Hope Cancer Center
Terre Haute, Indiana, United States, 47802
United States, Missouri
St. Louis Cancer Care
Chesterfield, Missouri, United States, 63017
United States, New Jersey
Hematology-Oncology Associates of Northern NJ
Morristown, New Jersey, United States, 07960
United States, Ohio
Oncology Hematology Care Inc.
Cincinnati, Ohio, United States, 45242
United States, Tennessee
Chattanooga Oncology Hematology Associates
Chattanooga, Tennessee, United States, 37404
Tennessee Oncology, PLLC
Nashville, Tennessee, United States, 37023
Sponsors and Collaborators
SCRI Development Innovations, LLC
Millennium Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
Celgene
Investigators
Study Chair: Ian W Flinn, M.D. SCRI Development Innovations, LLC
  More Information

Publications:

Responsible Party: SCRI Development Innovations, LLC
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00633594     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: SCRI LYM 58
Study First Received: March 4, 2008
Results First Received: August 19, 2016
Last Updated: December 6, 2016
Individual Participant Data  
Plan to Share IPD: No

Keywords provided by SCRI Development Innovations, LLC:
Mantle Cell Lymphoma
Rituximab
Lenalidomide
Bortezomib
Phase 1/2

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Lymphoma
Lymphoma, Mantle-Cell
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Lymphoproliferative Disorders
Lymphatic Diseases
Immunoproliferative Disorders
Immune System Diseases
Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin
Lenalidomide
Thalidomide
Rituximab
Bortezomib
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Angiogenesis Inhibitors
Angiogenesis Modulating Agents
Growth Substances
Growth Inhibitors
Antineoplastic Agents
Immunosuppressive Agents
Leprostatic Agents
Anti-Bacterial Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Antirheumatic Agents

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on June 23, 2017