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Essential Fatty Acids During Complementary Feeding (EFiON)

This study has been completed.
Information provided by:
University of Copenhagen Identifier:
First received: February 28, 2008
Last updated: July 14, 2009
Last verified: July 2009
The objective of this intervention study is to examine the effect of n-3 LCPUFA on growth and body composition, intestinal health and microbiotic composition, immune function and risk markers for later diseases in 9-18 months old infants and toddlers.

Condition Intervention
Obesity Growth Metabolic Syndrome Cardiovascular Disease Dietary Supplement: Fish Oil Dietary Supplement: Sunflower Oil

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Participant, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: The Importance of Increasing Intake of Essential Fatty Acids During Complementary Feeding on Infant Growth and Body Composition, Intestinal Health, Immune Function and Risk Markers for Later Metabolic Complications.

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by University of Copenhagen:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Growth
  • Body composition
  • Intestinal microbiota
  • Blood pressure
  • Plasma lipid profile
  • Insulin - glucose
  • Erythrocyte fatty acid composition
  • Ex vivo cytokine production
  • IGF-1 and IGFBP-3
  • Adipokines
  • Plasma CRP
  • Plasma IgE

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Glucagon
  • Metagenome analysis (investigating the enzymatic capacity of the intestines through prokaryotic DNA sequencing)
  • Iron status (hemoglobin, ferritin)
  • faecal calprotectin
  • FADS1 and FADS2 genotypes
  • Allergy status

Estimated Enrollment: 150
Study Start Date: February 2008
Study Completion Date: May 2009
Primary Completion Date: May 2009 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Fish Oil
containing n-3 LCPUFA
Dietary Supplement: Fish Oil
Daily dosage of 5 ml of fish oils from 9 months +/- 2weeks to 18 months +/- 4 weeks of age
Placebo Comparator: Sunflower oil
containing n-6 PUFA
Dietary Supplement: Sunflower Oil
Daily dosage of 5 ml of sunflower oil from 9 months +/- 2weeks to 18 months +/- 4 weeks of age


Ages Eligible for Study:   8 Months to 19 Months   (Child)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Singleton infants, 9 mo +/- 2 wk, born >= 37 wk of gestation
  • Birth weight >=2500g, a 5-min Apgar score >= 7, birth weight >= 5th percentile for gestational age

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Chronic diseases expected to influence growth and dietary intake
  • Use of medicine expected to influence growth and dietary intake
  • Fish oil supplementation
  Contacts and Locations
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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00631046

Dept. of Human Nutrition
Copenhagen, Frederiksberg C, Denmark, DK-1958
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Copenhagen
Principal Investigator: Kim F Michaelsen, Dr Med Sci Dept. of Human Nutrition, LIFE, Univ. of Copenhagen
  More Information

Publications automatically indexed to this study by Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: Kim Fleischer Michaelsen, Dr Med Sci, Dept. of Human Nutrition, Rolighedsvej 30, DK-1958 Frederiksberg C, Denmark Identifier: NCT00631046     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: H-A-2007-0088
Study First Received: February 28, 2008
Last Updated: July 14, 2009

Keywords provided by University of Copenhagen:
Fish oil
essential fatty acids
infant growth
Intestinal microbiota

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Cardiovascular Diseases
Metabolic Syndrome X
Insulin Resistance
Glucose Metabolism Disorders
Metabolic Diseases processed this record on July 21, 2017