Fish Oil to Prevent Asthma Exacerbations in Patients With ALOX5 Polymorphisms
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00621829|
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : February 22, 2008
Last Update Posted : May 15, 2017
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Asthma||Dietary Supplement: EPA enriched fish oils||Not Applicable|
This study is a single-center, investigator-initiated, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, cross-over trial. A total of 30 subjects will be recruited from the U.C. Davis Asthma Network (UCAN) clinics. Some of the research will be conducted at the USDA-WHNRC (Western Health Nutrition Research Center) here at U.C. Davis.
This clinical trial is designed to study the effects of supplemental intake of eicosapentanoic acid (EPA)-enriched omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n3-PUFA, fish oil) in a subset of moderate to severe asthmatics, who have a high susceptibility to increased leukotriene production due to a polymorphism in the promoter region of the arachidonate 5-lipoxygenase (ALOX5) gene.
EPA competes with AA and can decrease leukotriene production; thus our central hypothesis is that EPA-enriched n3-PUFA supplements will decrease the production of inflammatory leukotrienes and decrease the number of acute exacerbations of asthma in patients with moderate to severe asthma and that these benefits will be greater in subjects with the "high susceptibility" ALOX5 promoter variants. Our specific aims are to: 1) Determine the prevalence of the "high-susceptibility" ALOX5 pathway gene polymorphisms in a diverse cohort of moderate to severe adult asthmatics, 2) Perform a 32 week (12 wk treatment A - 8 wk washout - 12 wk treatment B), blinded, cross-over design clinical trial, during which we treat 15 "high susceptibility" and 15 "low susceptibility" ALOX5 gene polymorphism asthmatics with n-3 PUFA supplements and placebo, and 3) Determine the baseline level and treatment effect of n-3 PUFA supplements on leukotriene metabolite and inflammatory cytokine production in subjects with the 'high' and 'low' susceptibility genotypes. Patients will be recruited primarily from the UC Davis Asthma Network (UCAN).
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Actual Enrollment :||30 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Crossover Assignment|
|Masking:||Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)|
|Official Title:||Pilot Study of Supplemental Eicosapentanoic Acid (EPA)-Enriched Omega-3 Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids (n3-PUFA) in a Subset of Moderate to Severe Asthmatics With Polymorphisms of the Arachidonate 5-lipoxygenase (ALOX5) Gene|
|Study Start Date :||February 2008|
|Actual Primary Completion Date :||October 2011|
|Actual Study Completion Date :||October 2011|
Active Comparator: 1
"High" susceptibility ALOX5 gene polymorphisms. Patients will be classified as having high susceptibility ALOX5 gene polymorphisms based on the number of repeats of the SP1 promoter.
Dietary Supplement: EPA enriched fish oils
Subjects will take the (EPA)-enriched omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n3-PUFA) supplements as a capsule (3-4 g of EPA/day) for 90 days, followed by an 8 week washout period, and then will take a Placebo capsule for 90 days.
Active Comparator: 2
"Low" susceptibility ALOX5 gene polymorphisms. "Low" susceptibility ALOX5 gene polymorphisms. Patients will be classified as having high susceptibility ALOX5 gene polymorphisms based on the number of repeats of the SP1 promoter.
Dietary Supplement: EPA enriched fish oils
Subjects will take a Placebo capsule for 90 days, followed by an 8 week washout period, and then will take the (EPA)-enriched omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids supplements as a capsule (3-4 g of EPA/day) for 90 days.
- Asthma exacerbations [ Time Frame: 3 months ]
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00621829
|United States, California|
|Mather, California, United States, 95655|
|Study Director:||Charles Stephensen, Ph.D.||USDA, Staff Scientist|
|Principal Investigator:||Nicholas Kenyon, MD||University of California, Davis|