T-Wave Alternans in Dialysis Patients
This study has been completed.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Rod Passman, Northwestern University
First received: February 12, 2008
Last updated: March 11, 2015
Last verified: March 2015
Sudden cardiac death due to arrhythmia is the leading cause of death in end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients treated with hemodialysis (HD). As it is anticipated that the number of individuals with ESRD will exceed 1.2 million in the next 20 years, sudden death in this population has enormous public health impact. Research has shown that arrhythmic events are temporally associated with longer periods between HD with a three-fold risk of events in the 12 hours preceding the longest inter-dialysis interval. The exact cause of these findings is unknown.
Sudden Cardiac Death
End Stage Renal Disease
||Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Prospective
||T-Wave Alternans in Dialysis Patients
Primary Outcome Measures:
- Measure the degree of cardiac electrical instability at various times in the dialysis cycle. [ Time Frame: Basline, during dialysis ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
| Study Start Date:
| Study Completion Date:
| Primary Completion Date:
||May 2008 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) treated with hemodialysis three (3) times per week for at least 3 continuous months
The purpose of this study is to assess the degree of cardiac electrical instability at various times in the dialysis cycle. The hypothesis is that longer time intervals between hemodialysis results in sympathetic and electrolyte-induced alterations in ventricular repolarization that can be measured non-invasively using microvolt T-wave alternans (TWA). This increase in cardiac electrical instability may serve as a link between the clinically observed periods of increased risk and the occurrence of sudden cardiac death.
|Ages Eligible for Study:
||18 Years to 90 Years
|Genders Eligible for Study:
|Accepts Healthy Volunteers:
Patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) treated with hemodialysis three (3) times per week for at least 3 continuous months will be enrolled. No limitations for gender, race, socioeconomic status or any other parameters will be applied.
- Patients with chronic ESRD who have been on HD for at least 3 months
- Subjects 18 to 90 years of age with one or more risk factors for coronary artery disease or sudden cardiac death, including diabetes, peripheral vascular disease, known coronary artery disease, or ejection fraction < 40% by any imaging modality.
- Subjects unwilling or unable to give written informed consent.
- Patients unable to return for regularly scheduled dialysis treatments
- Atrial fibrillation or flutter at screening
- Major surgical procedure two months prior to enrollment
- High grade heart block or a permanent pacemaker in situ
- Patients with known allergies to adhesive tape
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Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00621426
|Chicago, Illinois, United States, 60611 |
||Rod Passman, MD
No publications provided
||Rod Passman, Principal Investigator, Northwestern University
History of Changes
|Other Study ID Numbers:
|Study First Received:
||February 12, 2008
||March 11, 2015
||United States: Institutional Review Board
Keywords provided by Northwestern University:
T wave alternans (TWA)
end stage renal disease
sudden cardiac death
Cardiac electrical instability
Sympathetic and electrolyte-induced alterations
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on April 16, 2015
Death, Sudden, Cardiac
Kidney Failure, Chronic
Renal Insufficiency, Chronic