Sunitinib as a Second-line Treatment for Patients With Recurrent Small Cell Lung Cancer

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00620347
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : February 21, 2008
Last Update Posted : June 19, 2013
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Ji-youn Han, National Cancer Center, Korea

Brief Summary:
the investigators will conduct a phase II trial to evaluate the efficacy and toxicity of Sunitinib in patients with recurrent SCLC.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Lung Cancer Drug: sunitinib Phase 2

Detailed Description:

Chemotherapy is the primary treatment option for patients with small cell lung cancer, leading to a 5-year survival of about 20% in limited disease (LD), and less than 5% in extensive disease (ED). Although initial tumor response rate to chemotherapy is very high (up to 96% for LD and up to 65% in ED), SCLC relapses in approximately 4 months in ED and 12 months in LD adn despite the administration of second-line chemotherapy, the overall median survival of patients with limited and extensive disease is approximately 18 and 9 months, respectively. In the setting of second-line therapy, response rates to chemotherapy range between 15 and 25%, with median survival in the range of 4-6 months. Second-line therapeutic options include cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin and vincristine (CAV) given every 3 weeks or topotecan, which have similar response rates, time to progression and survival in the two treatment arms (topotecan 24%, 13 and 24.7 weeks; CAV 18%, 12 and 22 weeks, respectively). However, both treatments however have substantial toxicities, with 9% of patients on trial withdrawing for toxicity reasons. Treatment-associated mortality was as high as 4.7% (possibly and definitely related), and many patients required transfusion support. Thus, while these treatments have acceptable activity second-line, more active and less toxic treatments are required for this patient population.Tyrosine kinase inhibitors have become a promising new class of anti-cancer agents owing to the importance of their targets in tumor proliferation, survival (apoptosis), angiogenesis, motility, and metastasis Among the most important receptor tyrosine kinases that regulate tumor angiogenesis are the vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 2 (VEGFR2/Flk-1/KDR), PDGFR, and the fibroblast growth factor (FGF) receptor family. These receptors belong to the split-kinase domain superfamily, which also includes Kit, the receptor for stem cell factor (SCF). Kit is frequently expressed in multiple hematologic and non-hematologic malignancies. It can also be activated in an autocrine fashion by coexpression with SCF, as is the case in SCLC, where approximately 70% of tumors and cell lines coexpress Kit and SCF at some level. Inhibition of Kit using small molecule inhibitors results in growth inhibition of multiple SCLC cell lines. Sunitinib, a novel small molecule receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor with direct antitumor as well as antiangiogenic activity via targeting the vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF), KIT, and FLT3 receptor tyrosine kinases, which showed anti-tumor activity in mouse xenograft model of SCLC. Therefore, the investigators will conduct a phase II trial to evaluate the efficacy and toxicity of Sunitinib in patients with recurrent SCLC.-Single arm

-Sunitinib(50mg/day, 4weeks on, 2 weeks off) Repeat every 6 weeksTreatment will continue until disease progression, unacceptable toxicity, or patients' refusal

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 25 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase II Study of Sunitinib as a Second-line Treatment for Patients With Recurrent Small Cell Lung Cancer.
Study Start Date : March 2008
Actual Primary Completion Date : February 2012
Actual Study Completion Date : September 2012

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Lung Cancer

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Single arm
Single arm (sunitinib arm) until PD, unacceptable toxicity, patients refused
Drug: sunitinib
sunitinib (50mg/day, 4weeks on, 2 weeks off) Repeat every 6 weeks. Treatment will continue until disease progression, unacceptable toxicity, or patients' refusal.

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Tumor response rate [ Time Frame: at 4week and every 8 weeks ]
    The response rate will be determined by the number of patients with complete and partial responses according to RECIST criteria.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Overall survival [ Time Frame: every 8 weeks ]
    Survival time will be calculated from the date of study treatment start to the date of death (or date last seen).

  2. Progression-Free Survival [ Time Frame: at 4 week and every 8 weeks ]
    Progression free survival will be calculated from the date of study treatment start to the first objective documentation of progressive disease or death.

  3. Toxicity [ Time Frame: every 4 weeks ]
    Safety will be evaluated by the frequency, severity, and relationship of adverse events graded by NCI Common Toxicity Criteria (CTC) version 3.0 that occur during the treatment and follow-up periods.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Histologic or cytologic confirmed SCLC
  2. Clinically diagnosed ED-SCLC according to sixth Edition of the AJCC cancer staging manual
  3. Progression during or after prior first line chemotherapy.
  4. Resolution of all acute toxic effects of prior therapy or surgical procedure to grade ≤ 1 (except alopecia)
  5. Prior radiation therapy excluded lung is allowed.
  6. No other forms of cancer therapy, such as chemotherapy, radiation, immunotherapy for at least 3 weeks before the enrollment in study.
  7. Performance status of 0, 1, 2 on the ECOG criteria.
  8. Tumor work-up: within 4weeks prior 1st day of treatment: chest X-ray; CT of chest, liver, and adrenal glands; bone scan; brain MRI
  9. At least one uni-dimensionally measurable lesion meeting Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors.
  10. Estimated life expectancy of at least 12 weeks.
  11. Patient compliance that allows adequate follow-up.
  12. Adequate organ function for chemotherapy
  13. Adequate cardiac function: normal EF by Echocardiography
  14. No ischemic heart disease or cardiac dysrhythmia.
  15. Normal QTc interval
  16. Normal thyroid function.
  17. Informed consent from patient or patient's relative.
  18. Males or females at least 18 years of age.
  19. If female: childbearing potential either terminated by surgery, radiation, or menopause, or attenuated by use of an approved contraceptive method (intrauterine device [IUD], birth control pills, or barrier device) during and for 3 months after trial. If male, use of an approved contraceptive method during the study and 3 months afterwards. Females with childbearing potential must have a urine negative HCG test within 7 days prior to the study enrollment.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Diagnosis of any second malignancy within the past 3 years, except basal cell carcinoma, squamous cell skin cancer, or in situ carcinoma that has been adequately treated with no evidence or recurrent disease for 12 months
  2. NCI CTCAE grade ≥ 2 neuropathy from any cause
  3. Ongoing treatment with therapeutic doses of coumarin derivatives, such as warfarin, (low dose Coumadin® up to 2 mg PO daily for deep vein thrombosis prophylaxis is allowed)
  4. Uncontrolled brain metastases, spinal cord compression, carcinomatous meningitis, or leptomeningeal disease. Patients should have completed surgery or radiation therapy for existing brain metastases, should not have documented increase in size over the previous 3 months and should be asymptomatic off steroids
  5. Any of the following within the 12 months prior to starting study treatment: myocardial infarction, sever/unstable angina, coronary/peripheral artery bypass graft, congestive heart failure, cerebrovascular accident including transient ischemic attack, or pulmonary embolus
  6. NCI CTCAE Grade 3 hemorrhage < 4 weeks of starting study treatment
  7. Hypertension (>150/100 mg Hg) that cannot be controlled with standard antihypertensive agents
  8. Ongoing cardiac dysrhythmias of grade ≥ 2, atrial fibrillation of any grade, or QTc interval > 450 msec for males or > 470 msec for female
  9. Known human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) seropositivity
  10. Pregnancy or breastfeeding. All female patients with reproductive potential must have a negative pregnancy test (serum or urine) within 7 days prior to enrolment
  11. Other severe acute or chronic medical or psychiatric condition, or laboratory abnormality that may increase the risk associated with study participation or study drug administration, or may interfere with the interpretation of study results, and in the judgment of the investigator would make the patient inappropriate for entry into this study

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To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00620347

Korea, Republic of
National Cancer Center, Korea
Goyang-si, Gyeonggi-do, Korea, Republic of, 411-764
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Cancer Center, Korea
Principal Investigator: Ji-Youn Han, M.D.,Ph.D. National Cancer Center, Korea

Publications automatically indexed to this study by Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: Ji-youn Han, Head, Center for Lung Cancer, National Cancer Center, Korea Identifier: NCT00620347     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: NCCCTS-07-285
First Posted: February 21, 2008    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: June 19, 2013
Last Verified: June 2013

Keywords provided by Ji-youn Han, National Cancer Center, Korea:
SCLC (small cell lung cancer)
ED (extensive disease)
RR (response rate)

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Lung Neoplasms
Small Cell Lung Carcinoma
Respiratory Tract Neoplasms
Thoracic Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Lung Diseases
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Carcinoma, Bronchogenic
Bronchial Neoplasms
Antineoplastic Agents
Angiogenesis Inhibitors
Angiogenesis Modulating Agents
Growth Substances
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Growth Inhibitors