Study of Sorafenib and Docetaxel in Metastatic Prostate Cancer (P1)
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00619996|
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : February 21, 2008
Last Update Posted : February 26, 2009
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Prostate Cancer||Drug: Sorafenib (Nexavar) Drug: Docetaxel||Phase 2|
Background Prostate cancer is the most common malignancy in men and the second leading cause of cancer death among males in the Western World. When tumors become refractory to androgen withdrawal therapy, chemotherapy represent a palliative treatment with an improvement on quality of life, particularly the combination of mitoxantrone and prednisone . This observation has led to numerous studies evaluating the potential use of new chemotherapeutic agents as Docetaxel in patients with metastatic androgen independent prostate cancer. Recently Docetaxel based regimens have shown an improvement in survival when compared with mitoxantrone in a phase III trial .
However the prognosis of these patients remains very poor and new effective tolerated approaches are needed to improve the results of chemotherapy.
Rationale In a recent study a Raf kinase inhibitor protein (RKIP) encoded by a suppressor gene was found to be responsible of the metastatic process; in fact the decreased RKIP expression was associated with increased invasive capability of prostate cancer cells, presumably though the activation of MEK and ERK by phosphorilation .
Sorafenib, a novel signal transduction inhibitor, prevents tumor cell proliferation and angiogenesis blocking Raf/Mek/Erk pathway at the level of Raf kinase and tyrosine kinase receptors VEGFR-2 and PDGFR.
In a phase I study the combination of docetaxel and Sorafenib was evaluated in prostate and other tumors . The treatment was well tolerated and one partial response (4%) and 12 stable disease (50%) were reported.
According to these data we designed a phase II study to evaluate the association of Sorafenib and Docetaxel in metastatic prostate cancer
Simon's Optimal two-stage design for phase II clinical trial will be applied to calculate the sample size that minimizes the expected number of patients to be accrued. The sample size will be calculated on the following assumptions: alpha error =0.05, beta error =0.20; PD (clinically uninteresting true no progressive disease rate) and P1 (sufficiently promising true no progressive disease rate) will be set at 60% and 80%. 11 patients will be enrolled in the first stage: if no progressive diseases are < 7 the accrual will be stopped and the drug's combination rejected. In the case of >= 7 no progressive diseases 32 more patients will be accrued at the second stage. The treatment will be accepted if >= 30 no progressive diseases out of 43 patients will be observed
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Estimated Enrollment :||43 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Single Group Assignment|
|Masking:||None (Open Label)|
|Official Title:||Phase II Study of Sorafenib (Bay 43-9006) and Docetaxel in Metastatic Prostate Cancer|
|Study Start Date :||March 2007|
|Actual Primary Completion Date :||January 2008|
|Actual Study Completion Date :||January 2009|
Drug: Sorafenib (Nexavar)
Sorafenib 400 mg bid orally continuously
Sorafenib will be administered from the start of treatment in combination with Docetaxel until progression of disease.
Other Name: TRATTAMENTO
Docetaxel 75 mg/mq ev g1 every 21 days. Docetaxel will be administered for a maximum of 9 cycles.
- N° of no progressive disease [ Time Frame: 1 year ]
- ORR,Duration of responses,TTP,OS,PSA doubling time, PK-PD,of Sorafenib plus docetaxel,Baseline pERK concentration, phospho VEGF-R2 concentration, plasma proteomics and gene expression profiling on blood cells and tumor biopsy. [ Time Frame: 1 year ]
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00619996
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