A Study of Quetiapine SR (Seroquel SR) to Treat SSRI-Resistant, Comorbid Panic Disorder Patients
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Participant, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||An 8-week, Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Trial of Seroquel SR Co-administration for SSRI-Resistant, Comorbid Panic Disorder|
- Change in Mean Total Panic Disorder Severity Scale (PDSS) Scores [ Time Frame: Baseline and the end of 8 weeks of treatment ]Possible total scores on the PDSS range from 0-28. The outcome measure represents the change, between baseline and the end of 8 weeks of treatment, in the the total PDSS scores. Lower scores indicate less severe panic disorder symptoms. A negative mean change in the scores at the end of 8 weeks represents a decrease in severity of panic disorder symptoms.
- Change in Scores in Measurements of Depressive Symptoms (Hamilton Depression Rating Scale, HAM-D), Generalized Anxiety Symptoms (Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale, HAM-A) and the Sleep Quality Item of the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI). [ Time Frame: Comparing baseline and the end of 8 weeks of treatment ]Subjects scores on secondary efficacy measures were measured, comparing baseline and the end of 8 weeks of treatment, including the Hamilton Depression Rating Scale, HAM-D, which has 21 items, with scores ranging from 0-66; the Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale, HAM‑A, which has 14 items, with scores ranging from 0-56; and the sleep quality item of the PSQI, a four-point scale rating sleep quality as very good, fairly good, fairly bad or very bad.
|Study Start Date:||February 2008|
|Study Completion Date:||December 2011|
|Primary Completion Date:||December 2011 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Active Comparator: Quetiapine XR
Our target daily dose for quetiapine XR was 200 mg/day. The detailed quetiapine XR dosing guidelines were as follows: 50 mg 1 tab po at HS × 3 days, then, if 50 mg tolerated, increase to 50 mg 2 tabs at HS × 4 days; at the beginning of week 2, if the last dose was tolerated increase to 50 mg 3 tabs at HS × 3 days, then, if 150 mg tolerated, increase to 4 tabs at HS; at the beginning of week 3, if no efficacy & the 200 mg dose was well tolerated, increase to one 300 mg tab at HS-otherwise remain at 200 mg one tab at HS; at week 4 if still no improvement, & 300 mg was tolerable, increase to 200 mg tablet 2 at HS. From the beginning of week 5 to the end of the trial, quetiapine XR doses were held. We used quetiapine XR tablets provided by Astra Zeneca (50, 200, and 300 mg designations).
Drug: quetiapine XR
Subjects will receive daily dosing at night, with a flexible dosing schedule, 50-400 mg.
Placebo Comparator: Placebo
Subjects received identical-appearing placebo tablets provided by Astra Zeneca (50, 200, and 300 mg designations).
Subjects will receive daily dosing at night with caplets matching the appearance of the active drug. However, caplets will not contain any active medication.
Other Name: Astra Zeneca placebo
This was a single-site, double-blind, placebo-controlled (PLAC), randomized, parallel group (2 groups), 8-week, quetiapine extended release (XR) coadministration trial. SSRI resistance was determined either historically or prospectively. Patients were randomized if they remained moderately ill (CGI-S score ≥ 4). Change in the PDSS scale total score was the primary efficacy outcome measure. Responders were identified as those with a ≥50 % decrease from their baseline PDSS score. In the early weeks of therapy, XR was flexibly and gradually titrated from 50 to 400 mg/day.
Conclusions: This proof-of-concept RCT did not support the efficacy of this treatment strategy for SSRI-resistant PD. Quetiapine XR was generally well-tolerated. Important limitations were the small sample size, and the relatively low average dose of quetiapine XR used.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00619892
|United States, Indiana|
|University Hospital Outpatient Center, Psychiatry|
|Indianapolis, Indiana, United States, 46202|
|Principal Investigator:||Andrew W. Goddard, M.D.||Indiana University|