Peripheral Blood Stem Cell Transplantation (PBSCT)From Haploidentical Related Donors

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00618969
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : February 20, 2008
Last Update Posted : March 3, 2016
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of Arizona

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study is to transplant haploidentical related peripheral blood stem cells (PBSCs) that come from a relative such as a parent, sibling, a child or other relative who has a half-matched tissue type with the recipient (rather than being completely matched) following administration of a reduced-intensity regimen of busulfan, melphalan and alemtuzumab.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Hematologic Neoplasms Anemia, Aplastic Hemoglobinuria, Paroxysmal Multiple Myeloma Other: haploidentical allogeneic PBSC transp Phase 2

Detailed Description:

Fewer than 35% of patients who might benefit from allogeneic HCT have an HLA-identical sib. Transplantation of peripheral blood stem cells (PBSCs) or bone marrow (BM)from HLA-matched or one-locus mismatch unrelated volunteer donors may be an alternative in some patients who lack HLA-matched sib donors. Despite increasing numbers of volunteer unrelated donors in national and international registries, identification of suitable unrelated donors who are matched with the recipient at all HLA-A, -B, -C and -DRB1 loci (8/8 HLA match) or mismatched at one of those loci (7/8 HLA match) is still challenging, especially for patients who are African-American or multiracial. Additionally, the 3- to 4-month delay between initiation of unrelated donor search to HCT is unacceptably long in patients with aggressive hematologic malignancies that are likely to relapse or progress during that interval. Transplantation of single or dual unrelated umbilical cord blood cells (UCB) units is another alternative, although problems with inadequate cell doses, delayed engraftment, graft rejection and infection persist in adult recipients of unrelated UCB transplants.

This is a phase II single-arm open-label study to evaluate the efficacy and safety of haploidentical related allogeneic PBSCT using a nonmyeloablative preparative regimen of intravenous busulfan (Busulfex®), intravenous melphalan (Alkeran®) and intravenous alemtuzumab (Campath®) in subjects who are candidates for related or unrelated allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT; transplantation of bone marrow or PBSCs) but who lack histocompatible related or unrelated donors. This study will also evaluate immunological reconstitution following haploidentical PBSCT by measurement of circulating T cell receptor excision circle (TREC)-positive cells, an indicator of thymic output. Systematic analyses of TREC-positive cells have not been performed in recipients of haploidentical PBSCT after the preparative regimen described in this protocol.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 2 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase II Study of Peripheral Blood Stem Cell Transplantation (PBSCT)From Haploidentical Related Donors for Treatment of Hematologic Malignancies and Hematopoietic Failure States
Study Start Date : February 2008
Actual Primary Completion Date : December 2013
Actual Study Completion Date : February 2016

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Haploidentical allogeneic PBSC transp
Non-myeloablative preparative regimen (reduced-intensity) of busulfan, melphalan and alemtuzumab followed by a haploidentical-related peripheral blood stem cell transplant.
Other: haploidentical allogeneic PBSC transp

Days -5 and -4: IV busulfan 3.2 mg/kg/dose daily for 2 days

Day -3: IV melphalan 100 mg/m2 as a single dose

Days -2 and -1: IV alemtuzumab 30 mg/dose daily for 2 days

Day 0: Transplantation of haploidentical related allogeneic peripheral blood stem cells (PBSCs)- target cell dose 10 x 106 donor CD34+ cells per kilogram of recipient weight

Other Names:
  • Myleran,
  • Busulfex,
  • Busulphan
  • Alkeran,
  • L-PAM, L-Sarcolysin,
  • Phenylalanine Mustard
  • partially matched family related donor transplant

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. The primary efficacy endpoint is the presence of donor lymphohematopoietic chimerism (defined as at least 50% donor cells in the peripheral blood)in peripheral blood by day +100. [ Time Frame: by day +100 (i.e., 100 days after haploidentical PBSCT). ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. To determine the safety of haploidentical related allogeneic PBSCT using a preparative regimen of busulfan, melphalan and alemtuzumab. [ Time Frame: non-relapse mortality at day +100 ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 75 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Age between 18 years and 75 years.
  • one of these diagnoses: acute myeloid leukemia in remission or relapse, acute lymphocytic leukemia in remission or relapse, chronic myeloid leukemia, chronic lymphocytic leukemia, Hodgkin's disease or non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, multiple myeloma, myelodysplastic syndrome, severe aplastic anemia, or paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria.
  • Subjects with hematologic malignancies must have received at least one previous course of chemotherapy or biological therapy (i.e., a subject cannot be enrolled on this study for initial treatment of the malignancy).
  • Absence of a healthy related or unrelated volunteer allogeneic donor with whom the subject is either completely HLA matched at HLA-A, -B, -C and -DRB1 (8/8 HLA match) or mismatched at no more than one HLA locus (7/8 HLA match).
  • Availability of a healthy haploidentical relative (parent, sib or child) who is able to donate peripheral blood stem cells by apheresis.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Eligibility for another clinical therapeutic protocol or standard-of-care treatment that offers higher probability of cure or long-term control of subject's malignancy.
  • Availability of a related or unrelated 7/8 or 8/8 HLA-matched allogeneic donor.
  • Severe organ dysfunction
  • Untreated or progressive central nervous system involvement by malignancy.
  • Subject is pregnant or breast feeding.
  • Karnofsky score below 50.
  • Seropositivity for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).
  • Life expectancy less than 12 weeks with conventional treatments.
  • For subjects who are fertile, refusal to practice contraception upon entering this study and for at least 12 months after PBSCT or after cessation of post-transplant immunosuppressive treatments, whichever occurs later.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00618969

United States, Arizona
Arizona Cancer Center/University Medical Center
Tucson, Arizona, United States, 85719
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Arizona
Principal Investigator: Andrew M Yeager, MD University of Arizona

Responsible Party: University of Arizona Identifier: NCT00618969     History of Changes
Obsolete Identifiers: NCT00840424
Other Study ID Numbers: BIO 07-122
First Posted: February 20, 2008    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: March 3, 2016
Last Verified: March 2016

Keywords provided by University of Arizona:
peripheral blood stem cell transplantation
Hodgkin's disease
non-Hodgkin's lymphoma

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Multiple Myeloma
Hematologic Neoplasms
Anemia, Aplastic
Hemoglobinuria, Paroxysmal
Neoplasms, Plasma Cell
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Hemostatic Disorders
Vascular Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Blood Protein Disorders
Hematologic Diseases
Hemorrhagic Disorders
Lymphoproliferative Disorders
Immunoproliferative Disorders
Immune System Diseases
Urination Disorders
Urologic Diseases
Urological Manifestations
Signs and Symptoms
Neoplasms by Site
Bone Marrow Diseases
Anemia, Hemolytic
Myelodysplastic Syndromes