PHYSICAL ACTIVITY IN THE TREATMENT OF OBESITY (CHANGE)
Although exercise is widely regarded as a key component in obesity treatment, few individuals seem able to adhere to exercise programs over time. In response, efforts have focused on developing new approaches to physical activity that may appeal to sedentary overweight persons. For instance, is has been shown that accumulating multiple short bouts of vigorous exercise may enhance both exercise adherence and weight loss in overweight persons. Accumulating moderate-intensity activity throughout the day may offer comparable health and weight benefits as a traditional exercise program. Public health recommendations now include the option of accumulating 30 minutes of moderate-intensity lifestyle activity for health and well-being. While these two options offer a viable alternative to those who dislike or cannot sustain continuous vigorous exercise programs, it is unclear whether the flexibility of accumulating physical activity or the vigorous intensity of the exercise is responsible for improved weight loss and long-term adherence.
The goal of this research is to extend our preliminary findings suggesting that moderate intensity lifestyle activity is an important and viable alternative to traditional structured vigorous exercise for obese dieting individuals. The primary specific aim of this project is to compare the effects of three modes of exercise on long-term weight regain. Participants will be 165 overweight men and women who are sedentary, but otherwise healthy. All participants will receive the same 16-week behavioral weight loss program and will be randomized to one of three exercise study conditions: 1) diet-plus-continuous bouts of vigorous aerobic exercise; 2) diet-plus-short bouts of vigorous aerobic exercise accumulated throughout the day; or 3) diet-plus-moderate intensity lifestyle activity accumulated throughout the day. By varying both the intensity and duration of exercise bouts, we can determine which type of exercise is associated with optimal outcomes one year later. Additional questions of interest include:
- Does mode of exercise influence exercise adherence?
- Does mode of exercise improve cardiovascular risk profiles similarly in all three conditions?
- Does mode of exercise influence changes in body composition?
- Does mode of exercise influence exercise enjoyment and exercise self-efficacy?
|Obesity||Behavioral: diet-plus-continuous bouts of vigorous aerobic exercise Behavioral: diet plus shorts bouts Behavioral: diet plus lifestyle activity|
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Physical Activity in the Treatment of Obesity: A Randomized Trial|
- Participants were randomized to one of three diet and exercise study conditions. We were interested in which type of exercise is associated with optimal short- and long-term body composition changes. [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week-16, Week-68 ]
- Does mode of exercise improve cardiovascular risk profiles similarly in all three conditions? [ Time Frame: Baseline, week-16, week-68 ]
|Study Start Date:||April 2000|
|Study Completion Date:||May 2004|
|Primary Completion Date:||March 2004 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
diet-plus-continuous bouts of vigorous aerobic exercise
Behavioral: diet-plus-continuous bouts of vigorous aerobic exercise
Patients consumed a 1200 kcal/d diet and were instructed to perform 4 30-60 minute aerobic workouts per week
diet-plus-short bouts of vigorous aerobic exercise accumulated throughout the day
Behavioral: diet plus shorts bouts
Patients consumed a 1200 kcal/d diet and were instructed to perform short 10 minutes bouts of aerobic exercise 4 times per week
diet-plus-moderate intensity lifestyle activity accumulated throughout the day
Behavioral: diet plus lifestyle activity
Patients consumed a 1200 kcal/d diet and were instructed to accumulate moderate intensity physical activity on most days of the week.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00615238
|United States, Maryland|
|Johns Hopkins School of Medicine|
|Baltimore, Maryland, United States, 21224|
|Study Director:||Jeremey D Walston, MD||JHU School of Med|
|Study Director:||Susan J Bartlett, PhD||JHU School of Med|