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Jerusalem Handwashing Study (JHS)

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00610376
First Posted: February 8, 2008
Last Update Posted: September 22, 2015
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
Collaborators:
Ministry of Health, Israel
Hadassah Medical Organization
Israel National Institute for Health Policy and Health Services Research
Ministry of Education, Israel
Municipality of Jerusalem, Israel
Information provided by:
Hebrew University of Jerusalem
  Purpose
The primary objective of this preschool intervention trial was to determine whether a hygiene program can promote handwashing and thereby reduce illness absenteeism.

Condition Intervention Phase
Illness Absenteeism Handwashing Behavior Behavioral: Preschool handwashing intervention program Behavioral: Home component intervention Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: A Controlled Trial to Assess the Effect of a Health Promotion Intervention on Hygiene Behavior and Illness Absenteeism in Jerusalem Preschools

Further study details as provided by Hebrew University of Jerusalem:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Illness absenteeism [ Time Frame: Each school day during study period ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Handwashing behavior [ Time Frame: Observational visits in classrooms (3-4) ]

Enrollment: 1029
Study Start Date: September 2000
Study Completion Date: December 2001
Primary Completion Date: December 2001 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: 1A
Preschools randomized to this group received a multicomponent intervention to improve handwashing behavior of the children. Children within the preschool intervention group were individually randomized to a home intervention or a home control intervention program. The children in this arm received the home intervention component.
Behavioral: Preschool handwashing intervention program
This preschool-based intervention program used a multi-pronged approach that included elements aimed at preschool staff, children, and school nurses, as well as hygienic changes to the classroom environment.
Behavioral: Home component intervention
The home component was intended to reinforce handwashing practices through education in the home. It consisted of a video, a magnet, and a card.
Active Comparator: 2
This group did not receive any special treatment during the study, but did receive the intervention at the close of the study
Behavioral: Preschool handwashing intervention program
This preschool-based intervention program used a multi-pronged approach that included elements aimed at preschool staff, children, and school nurses, as well as hygienic changes to the classroom environment.
Experimental: 1B
Preschools randomized to this group received a multicomponent intervention to improve handwashing behavior of the children. Children within the preschool intervention group were individually randomized to a home intervention or a home control intervention program. The children in this arm received the home control component.
Behavioral: Preschool handwashing intervention program
This preschool-based intervention program used a multi-pronged approach that included elements aimed at preschool staff, children, and school nurses, as well as hygienic changes to the classroom environment.
Behavioral: Home component intervention
The home component was intended to reinforce handwashing practices through education in the home. It consisted of a video, a magnet, and a card.

Detailed Description:
Please see citations of published reports.
  Eligibility

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   3 Years to 4 Years   (Child)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Preschool teachers of 3- and 4-year-old children in the state-run public system of the Jerusalem region, who were recommended by their supervisors as being likely to comply with the protocol.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Exposure to project during testing phase (N=1 preschool), preschool which included new Ethiopian immigrants who were unlikely to have phones or speak Hebrew (N=1 preschool)
  • Project staff knew teachers personally and thought they would not comply with protocol (N=2 teachers).
  Contacts and Locations
Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00610376


Locations
Israel
Hebrew University
Jerusalem, Israel, 91120
Sponsors and Collaborators
Hebrew University of Jerusalem
Ministry of Health, Israel
Hadassah Medical Organization
Israel National Institute for Health Policy and Health Services Research
Ministry of Education, Israel
Municipality of Jerusalem, Israel
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Laura J Rosen, PhD Hebrew University (at time of study)
Principal Investigator: David M Zucker, PhD Hebrew University
Principal Investigator: Orly Manor, PhD Hebrew University
Principal Investigator: Dan Engelhard, MD Hadassah Hebrew Univeristy Hospital
  More Information

Publications:
Responsible Party: Laura (Leah) Rosen, Hebrew University, Israel (at the time of conduct of the trial)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00610376     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: JHS1
NIHP Doctoral Stipend [m-2-02]
First Submitted: January 27, 2008
First Posted: February 8, 2008
Last Update Posted: September 22, 2015
Last Verified: January 2008

Keywords provided by Hebrew University of Jerusalem:
Handwashing
Randomized controlled trial
Cluster randomization
Community intervention trial
Disease prevention
Pediatric communicable disease
Preschool
Illness absenteeism