Cast Versus Splint in Children With Acceptably Angulated Wrist Fractures
The study will compare the effectiveness of a prefabricated wrist splint with thermoplast reinforcements versus a short arm cast in skeletally immature children.
The hypothesis is that the commercially available wrist splint is at least as effective as traditional casting with respect to recovery of physical function.
|Distal Radius Fractures||Device: Fiberglass short arm cast Device: Prefabricated wrist splint||Phase 4|
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single (Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Cast Versus Splint in Children With Minimally Angulated Fractures of the Distal Radius: a Randomized Controlled Trial.|
- Modified performance Activities Scale for Kids (ASKp) score [ Time Frame: 6 weeks ]
- Changes in Angulation and/or displacement [ Time Frame: 1 and 4 weeks ]
- Pain [ Time Frame: 1 and 4 weeks ]
- Duration of immobilization device [ Time Frame: 1 and 4 week follow-up visits ]
- Grip Strength [ Time Frame: 6 week follow-up visit ]
- Range of Motion [ Time Frame: Week 6 ]
- Patient Preference for their Device [ Time Frame: Week 6 ]
|Study Start Date:||January 2007|
|Study Completion Date:||October 2009|
|Primary Completion Date:||July 2009 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
|Active Comparator: 1||
Device: Fiberglass short arm cast
Cast will be applied for a 4-week period
Device: Prefabricated wrist splint
Splint will be applied for a 4-week period
Acceptability angulated wrist bone fractures in children carry an excellent long-term prognosis because of the unique capacity of skeletally immature bones to heal via remodeling. Their management varies widely and there is virtually no scientific evidence supporting one treatment modality over another. Importantly, the most common treatment modality of cast application for four to six weeks is associated with many inconveniences. There are commercially available wrist splints that offer a more convenient alternative. Wrist splints likely have comparable immobilization and symptom relief, while simultaneously allowing for easier bathing and less reliance on subspeciality care. Preliminary adult evidence suggests that, in a comparable adult fracture, splinting may offer a safe alternative to casting, with earlier resumption of the usual activities. However, this treatment modality needs to be compared to the traditional casting management in the pediatric population before it can be recommended for clinical practice.
This study will be the first to challenge the current practice of routine casting and compare it to a commercially available wrist splint with respect to recovery of physical function in children with acceptably angulated wrist fractures. In addition, standardized treatment of these fractures with a splint may be associated with lower morbidity, reduced use of health care resources, and have the potential for cost savings.
This study will compare, in skeletally immature children, the functional outcomes that result from treatment with a prefabricated wrist splint versus a short arm cast in acceptably angulated distal radius fractures. Secondly, the cost-effectiveness of the splint relative to the cast will be evaluated.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00610220
|The Hospital for Sick Children|
|Toronto, Ontario, Canada|
|Principal Investigator:||Kathy Boutis, MD||The Hospital for Sick Children|