Study of Sorafenib and Palliative Radiotherapy in Kidney Cancer That Spreads to the Bone

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00609934
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : February 7, 2008
Last Update Posted : July 23, 2015
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University Health Network, Toronto

Brief Summary:

The purpose of this study is to investigate the use of a new anti-angiogenic drug called sorafenib, in combination with radiotherapy, for renal cell cancer that has spread to the bone and is causing significant pain. The study will find a safe dose of sorafenib for this combination study treatment, look at side effects, and test if the study treatment is effective in controlling the pain experienced from this type of renal cell cancer. . There will be two parts or phases to this study

The purpose of the first phase is to find the highest dose of sorafenib that can be given safely to patients, when combined with radiotherapy. We will also see what kind of effects the study treatment has on you and your cancer. Participants in this phase will receive a dose of sorafenib that has shown to be well-tolerated in humans. If the side effects are tolerable for this dose of sorafenib when combined with radiotherapy, new patients will be asked to join the study and will receive a dose of sorafenib higher than the last study participant.

In the second phase, new study participants will receive the dose of sorafenib that was determined to be safe in the first phase. Side effects will continue to be looked at and the effectiveness on controlling pain symptoms from this type of cancer, will also be looked at.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Renal Cell Carcinoma Drug: Sorafenib Radiation: external beam radiotherapy Phase 1 Phase 2

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 12 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Official Title: A Phase I/II Study of Sorafenib and Palliative Radiotherapy in Patients With Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma and Symptomatic Bony Metastases
Study Start Date : December 2007
Actual Primary Completion Date : October 2014
Actual Study Completion Date : October 2014

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Sorafenib and palliative radiotherapy Drug: Sorafenib
Dose level 1: sorafenib 200mg PO OD on Days 1-84 Dose level 2: sorafenib 400mg PO OD on Days 1-84
Other Names:
  • BAY 43-9006
  • NSC 724772

Radiation: external beam radiotherapy
3000cGy in 10 fractions

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Reduction in pain from index lesion 4 weeks following the completion of radiotherapy, assessed using Brief Pain Inventory. [ Time Frame: 7 weeks ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. reduction in pain in index lesion at study termination assessed using Brief Pain Inventory [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ]
  2. acute toxicity of palliative radiotherapy and sorafenib together [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ]
  3. acute toxicity of sorafenib alone [ Time Frame: 1 week ]
  4. biologic response of the index lesion to radiotherapy and sorafenib assessed using FDG-PET-CT [ Time Frame: 7 weeks ]
  5. disease-free survival [ Time Frame: greater than 3 months ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Eligibility Criteria

  1. Eligible patients must have histologically or cytologically confirmed metastatic RCC that is judged to be incurable with standard therapy.
  2. Patients must have at least one radiographically-evident symptomatic (> 2/10 on the Brief Pain Inventory) bone metastasis that is amenable to palliative radiation. Multiple symptomatic bone metastases may be irradiated at the same time. However, if more than one symptomatic bone metastasis is identified, one will be chosen as the index lesion for reporting purposes.
  3. No planned change in analgesic medications.
  4. No planned increase in regular analgesic medications.
  5. No prior surgery to the index lesion, although previous surgery for other metastatic disease is permissible if > 4 weeks prior to study registration.
  6. Patients may have had up to two previous lines of systemic treatment for metastatic RCC, including prior treatment with sorafenib or another similar multi-targeted tyrosine kinase inhibitor, if completed >4 weeks prior to study registration.
  7. Patients may not have had previous radiotherapy to the index lesion. Patients may have had previous radiotherapy to other metastases if completed > 4 weeks prior to study registration. Patients must have recovered from the acute side effects of radiotherapy prior to study registration.
  8. Age >18 years.
  9. Life expectancy of greater than 3 months.
  10. ECOG performance status < 2 (Karnofsky > 60).
  11. Patients must have normal organ and marrow function as defined below:

    i. Absolute neutrophil count >1.5 x109 /L ii. Platelet count >75 x109 /L iii. Total bilirubin < 1.5 x ULN iv. AST (SGOT) / ALT (SGPT) < 2.5 × institutional ULN or < 5 x institutional ULN if liver metastases v. Creatinine <1.7 x ULN or vi. Creatinine clearance > 50 mL/min/1.73 m2 vii. International Normalized Ratio (INR) < 1.5 viii. Hemoglobin value Hb > 80 g/L ix. Serum phosphate level > 0.80 mmol/L x. Serum lipase, normal values (range of 5-208 U/L) xi. Serum amylase, normal values (range 30-110 U/L)

  12. Ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document.
  13. The effects of sorafenib on the developing human fetus at the recommended therapeutic dose are unknown. Women of child-bearing potential must agree to use adequate contraception prior to study entry and for the duration of study participation. Effective methods of birth control would include a barrier method (e.g. condoms, diaphragm) combined with spermicide, or an intrauterine device (IUD). Should a woman become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while participating in this study, she should inform her treating physician immediately.

Exclusion Criteria

  1. Serious medical condition that might be aggravated by treatment, including but not limited to: myocardial infarction within 6 months, congestive heart failure, unstable angina, active cardiomyopathy, unstable ventricular arrhythmia, uncontrolled hypertension, uncontrolled psychotic disorders, serious infections, active peptic ulcer disease, active liver disease, or cerebrovascular disease with previous stroke.
  2. Patients may not be receiving any other investigational agent concurrently or within 4 weeks of study registration. Patients receiving other molecularly-targeted treatments for RCC off of study, including inhibitors of angiogenesis or mTOR, will be eligible for this study after a 1 week wash-out period.
  3. Patients with clinical or radiological evidence of spinal cord compression are ineligible.
  4. Patients who are at high risk of pathologic fracture and appropriate for surgical intervention are ineligible.
  5. Patients who are planned for palliative surgical intervention to the index lesion or adjacent bone are ineligible.
  6. Pregnant or lactating women are excluded from this study because the safety of sorafenib has not been established in these circumstances.
  7. Patients with immune deficiency are at increased risk of lethal infections when treated with marrow-suppressive therapy. Therefore, HIV-positive patients receiving combination anti-retroviral therapy are excluded from the study because of possible pharmacokinetic interactions with sorafenib.
  8. Patients with other active malignancies other than non-melanoma skin cancer are excluded.
  9. Patients who have had significant surgical procedures requiring a general anaesthetic (for example, open laparotomy or thoracotomy) within the past month
  10. Patients who possess significant unhealed wounds or ulcers
  11. Patients with any bleeding or clotting disorder
  12. Patient taking greater than 325mg of aspirin per day
  13. Patients with diabetes mellitus will be ineligible for the PET-CT components of the study, but will remain eligible to receive sorafenib.
  14. Patients who are currently taking rifampin, phenytoin, carbamazepine, Phenobarbital, dexamethasone and St. John's Wort.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00609934

Canada, Ontario
Princess Margaret Hosptial
Toronto, Ontario, Canada, M5G2M9
Sponsors and Collaborators
University Health Network, Toronto

Responsible Party: University Health Network, Toronto Identifier: NCT00609934     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: DDPDRO-004
UHN REB 07-0357-C
First Posted: February 7, 2008    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: July 23, 2015
Last Verified: July 2015

Keywords provided by University Health Network, Toronto:
renal cell carcinoma
kidney cancer
bone metastases
bone pain
palliative radiotherapy
renal cell

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Carcinoma, Renal Cell
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Kidney Neoplasms
Urologic Neoplasms
Urogenital Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Kidney Diseases
Urologic Diseases
Antineoplastic Agents
Protein Kinase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Vitamin B Complex
Growth Substances
Physiological Effects of Drugs