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Integration of the Therapeutic Workplace in Drug Court

This study has been completed.
Information provided by:
National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) Identifier:
First received: January 22, 2008
Last updated: January 9, 2017
Last verified: January 2008
Drug Courts were developed as a therapeutic alternative to incarceration of drug-involved offenders by providing 'judicially supervised' drug abuse treatment and probation for nonviolent offenders in lieu of criminal prosecution and incarceration. Outcome studies have shown that drug courts have modest effects on participation in drug abuse treatment, drug use, and employment. The Therapeutic Workplace intervention is an effective employment-based treatment that integrates abstinence reinforcement contingencies in a work setting, intended to treat individuals with histories of drug addiction and chronic unemployment. Under this intervention, drug abuse patients are hired and paid to work. To promote abstinence, patients are required to provide drug-free urine samples to gain and maintain daily access in the workplace. In this way, patients can work and earn salary, but only as long as they remain drug abstinent. Patients using drugs and lacking job skills participate in an initial training phase to initiate abstinence and establish computer data entry skills. Once abstinent and skilled, patients are hired into an income-producing Therapeutic Workplace data entry business. Given that many drug court participants suffer from long histories of drug addiction and unemployment, the Therapeutic Workplace could be ideal for this population. This proposes of this clinical trial is to evaluate the Therapeutic Workplace intervention in a Drug Court.

Condition Intervention Phase
Drug Addiction
Behavioral: Therapeutic Workplace Intervention
Phase 1

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Integration of the Therapeutic Workplace in Drug Court

Further study details as provided by National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA):

Enrollment: 59
Study Start Date: August 2004
Study Completion Date: July 2007
Arms Assigned Interventions
No Intervention: Standard Drug Court
Participants received standard services from drug court
Experimental: Drug Court plus Therapeutic Workplace
Participants receive standard drug court services plus therapeutic workplace intervention
Behavioral: Therapeutic Workplace Intervention
Therapeutic workplace intervention is intended for individuals with drug addiction and chronic unemployment. Participants are invited to participate in work and receive salary for participation and productivity contingent upon drug abstinence.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Enrolled in Drug Court
  • Report using any opiates and/or cocaine during 30 days prior to their arrest
  • Unemployed

Exclusion Criteria:

Individuals are excluded if they:

  • Are at imminent risk of suicide
  • Have a psychotic disorder that may limit their workplace functioning or their ability to provide informed consent
  Contacts and Locations
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No Contacts or Locations Provided
  More Information

Responsible Party: Conrad J. Wong, Ph.D./ Assistant Professor, University of Kentucky College of Medicine Identifier: NCT00607360     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 05-0865-F2L
7R21DA017885-02 ( US NIH Grant/Contract Award Number )
Study First Received: January 22, 2008
Last Updated: January 9, 2017

Keywords provided by National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA):
cocaine addiction, treatment, contingency management, employment intervention

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Behavior, Addictive
Substance-Related Disorders
Compulsive Behavior
Impulsive Behavior
Chemically-Induced Disorders
Mental Disorders processed this record on April 25, 2017