Evaluation of the PillCam™ Colon Capsule Endoscopy (PCCE) in Detection & Classification of Ulcerative Colitis

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00604422
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : January 30, 2008
Last Update Posted : March 11, 2010
Information provided by:
Given Imaging Ltd.

Brief Summary:
To evaluate the ability of the PillCam® Colon Capsule Endoscope to detect and classify Ulcerative colitis

Condition or disease
Colonic Disease Ulcerative Colitis

Detailed Description:

Ulcerative colitis (UC) is a disorder of unknown origin that may be characterized by acute and chronic inflammation of the colon. The extent of the colonic mucosal inflammation varies among individuals, but the disease almost always involves the rectum. Ulcerative colitis has required evaluation by colonoscopy to determine the extent and severity of the disease. The PillCam platform offers an alternative approach for endoscopic visualization of the colon using capsule endoscopy, a swallowable device which contains imagers, light sources, a power source and a RF transmitter. Advantages of the PillCam platform include the elimination of the need for conscious sedation, the minimally invasive, painless nature of the exam, and the ability to pursue normal daily activities immediately following the procedure . Furthermore, compared to standard colonoscopy, the PillCam platform may be more readily accepted by the subjects, thereby improving subjects' willingness to undergo a diagnostic evaluation of the colon.

The PillCam® SB capsule (formerly M2A® Capsule) that was FDA-approved in August 2001 for small bowel evaluation has been ingested to date by more than 700,000 people worldwide and is well accepted by patients and physicians as well as the professional societies. However, adequate visualization of the colon cannot be achieved with the standard PillCam™ SB capsule because of the anatomical and physiological properties of the colon which are significantly different than the small bowel. Moreover, other issues that limit the evaluation of the colonic mucosa by the standard PillCam™ SB procedure include an unsatisfactory level of colon cleanliness and slow progression of the PillCam™ SB capsule through the colon during the desired examination time. Therefore, the development and introduction of a specially designed, customized colon capsule combined with a dedicated capsule colonoscopy procedure protocol will allow for more efficient evaluation of the colonic mucosa. Further details of the PillCam® Colon Capsule Endoscope (PCCE) can be found in the device description section.

In previous studies, the PillCam colon platform has been shown to be safe and to be able to demonstrate colon polyps and cancers. This study is an extension to a trial evaluating the use of PCCE in ulcerative colitis that has already been completed in Hong Kong (n=40). This study is designed to assess the ability of the capsule to accurately detect inflammatory lesions and thus classifying the extent and severity of disease in subjects with ulcerative colitis in comparison to traditional colonoscopy.

Study Type : Observational
Actual Enrollment : 97 participants
Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Prospective
Official Title: Evaluation of the PillCam™ Colon Capsule Endoscopy (PCCE) in Detection & Classification of Ulcerative Colitis
Study Start Date : April 2007
Actual Primary Completion Date : February 2010
Actual Study Completion Date : March 2010

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Subjects that are indicated for standard colonoscopy due to suspected or known Ulcerative colitis disease

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Agreement level between capsule and colonoscopy in classifying colitis into the above (see section 3.1) categories. [ Time Frame: within 7 days ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Number, type and severity of adverse events with both PCCE and standard colonoscopy [ Time Frame: Within 7 days ]
  2. Accuracy parameters for detecting active UC [ Time Frame: within 7 days ]
  3. Disease severity scoring index for both PCCE and .standard colonoscopy [ Time Frame: within 7 days ]
  4. Colon cleansing level score for both PCCE and standard colonoscopy. [ Time Frame: within 7 days ]
  5. Grading of the bubbles interference at the colon for PCCE. [ Time Frame: Within 7 days ]
  6. Percentage of excreted colon capsules [ Time Frame: Within 7 Days ]
  7. PCCE transit time from ingestion to excretion and colon transit time [ Time Frame: Within 7 Days ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 70 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Sampling Method:   Probability Sample
Study Population

Subjects that are indicated for standard colonoscopy due to suspected or known Ulcerative colitis disease

The study population will consist of subjects who fulfill all the inclusion criteria and none of the exclusion criteria.


Inclusion Criteria:

  • Subjects 18-70
  • Suspected or known ulcerative colitis patients

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Subject has dysphagia
  • Subject has congestive heart failure
  • Subject who can not tolerate bowel preparation
  • Poor bowel preparation
  • Subject has renal insufficiency
  • Subject is known or is suspected to suffer from intestinal obstruction.
  • Subject has a cardiac pacemaker or other implanted electro-medical devices.
  • Subject is pregnant
  • Subject is expected to undergo MRI examination within 7 days after ingestion of the capsule.
  • Subject has had prior abdominal surgery of the gastrointestinal tract other than uncomplicated procedures that would be unlikely to lead to bowel obstruction based on the clinical judgment of the investigator.
  • Subject has any condition, which precludes compliance with study and/or device instructions.
  • Subject suffers from life threatening conditions
  • Subject is currently participating in another clinical study
  • Subject has constipation (less than 3 bowel movements/week)
  • Subject has known slow gastric emptying time

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00604422

Hong Kong
Chinese university of Hong Kong, Princes of Walses Hospital
Hong Kong, Hong Kong
Department of Medicine, National University Hospital
Singapore, Singapore, 119074
Department of Internal Medicine & Health Management Center, National Taiwan University Hospital
Taipei, Taiwan
Sponsors and Collaborators
Given Imaging Ltd.
Principal Investigator: Josef Sung, Prof. Chinese University of Hong Kong

Responsible Party: Hilla Debby- Director Clinical Affairs, Given Imaging Ltd. Identifier: NCT00604422     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: MA-107
First Posted: January 30, 2008    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: March 11, 2010
Last Verified: March 2010

Keywords provided by Given Imaging Ltd.:
Colonic disease
Ulcerative colitis
suspected or known colonic disease

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Colitis, Ulcerative
Colonic Diseases
Gastrointestinal Diseases
Digestive System Diseases
Intestinal Diseases
Pathologic Processes
Inflammatory Bowel Diseases