Tipifarnib and Etoposide in Treating Older Patients With Newly Diagnosed, Previously Untreated Acute Myeloid Leukemia
This randomized phase II trial is studying the side effects and how well giving tipifarnib together with etoposide works in treating older patients with newly diagnosed, previously untreated acute myeloid leukemia. Tipifarnib may stop the growth of cancer cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as etoposide, work in different ways to stop the growth of cancer cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. Giving tipifarnib together with etoposide may kill more cancer cells.
Acute Myeloid Leukemia With Multilineage Dysplasia Following Myelodysplastic Syndrome
Adult Acute Megakaryoblastic Leukemia (M7)
Adult Acute Minimally Differentiated Myeloid Leukemia (M0)
Adult Acute Monoblastic Leukemia (M5a)
Adult Acute Monocytic Leukemia (M5b)
Adult Acute Myeloblastic Leukemia With Maturation (M2)
Adult Acute Myeloblastic Leukemia Without Maturation (M1)
Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia With 11q23 (MLL) Abnormalities
Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia With Del(5q)
Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia With Inv(16)(p13;q22)
Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia With t(16;16)(p13;q22)
Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia With t(8;21)(q22;q22)
Adult Acute Myelomonocytic Leukemia (M4)
Adult Erythroleukemia (M6a)
Adult Pure Erythroid Leukemia (M6b)
Secondary Acute Myeloid Leukemia
Untreated Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||A Randomized Phase II Trial of Tipifarnib (R115777, ZARNESTRA, NSC #702818) in Combination With Oral Etoposide (VP-16) in Elderly Adults With Newly Diagnosed, Previously Untreated Acute Myelogenous Leukemia (AML)|
- Complete Response [ Time Frame: 6 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]Bone marrow showing less than 5% myeloblasts with normal maturation of all cell lines, an ANC of at least 1000/mcL and a platelet count of 100,000 mcL, absence of blast in peripheral blood, absence of identifiable leukemic cells in the bone marrow, clearance of disease-associated cytogenetic abnormalities, and clearance of any previously existing extramedullary disease. A CR must be confirmed 4 to 6 weeks after the initial documentation. If possible, at least one bone marrow biopsy should be performed to confirm the CR.
|Study Start Date:||January 2008|
|Study Completion Date:||October 2011|
|Primary Completion Date:||October 2011 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Experimental: Arm I
Patients receive 600 mg of oral tipifarnib twice daily on days 1-14 and 100 mg of oral etoposide once daily on days 1-3 and 8-10.
Other Names:Drug: etoposide
Experimental: Arm II (closed to accrual as of November 2008)
Patients receive 400 mg of oral tipifarnib twice daily on days 1-14 and 200 mg of oral etoposide once daily on days 1-3 and 8-10.
Other Names:Drug: etoposide
I. To compare the efficacy and toxicity of two schedules of tipifarnib plus etoposide as induction therapy in older patients with newly diagnosed, previously untreated acute myeloid leukemia.
II. To study mechanisms of leukemia cell resistance to tipifarnib in combination with etoposide.
OUTLINE: This is a multicenter study. Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms.
ARM I: Patients receive 600 mg of oral tipifarnib twice daily on days 1-14 and 100 mg of oral etoposide once daily on days 1-3 and 8-10.
ARM II: Patients receive 400 mg of oral tipifarnib twice daily on days 1-14 and 200 mg of oral etoposide once daily on days 1-3 and 8-10. (closed to accrual as of November 2008)
Treatment in both arms repeats every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
After completion of study treatment, patients are followed at 30 days and then every 90 days thereafter.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00602771
|United States, Georgia|
|Blood and Marrow Transplant Group of Georgia|
|Atlanta, Georgia, United States, 30342|
|United States, Maryland|
|Johns Hopkins University/Sidney Kimmel Cancer Center|
|Baltimore, Maryland, United States, 21287|
|United States, Michigan|
|University of Michigan|
|Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States, 48109|
|United States, Minnesota|
|Rochester, Minnesota, United States, 55905|
|United States, New York|
|Weill Medical College of Cornell University|
|New York, New York, United States, 10065|
|Principal Investigator:||Judith Karp||Johns Hopkins University/Sidney Kimmel Cancer Center|