Fludarabine and Rituximab With or Without Lenalidomide or Cyclophosphamide in Treating Patients With Symptomatic Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia

This study is ongoing, but not recruiting participants.
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group
NCIC Clinical Trials Group
Southwest Oncology Group
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00602459
First received: January 23, 2008
Last updated: April 22, 2015
Last verified: November 2014
  Purpose

This randomized phase II trial studies how well fludarabine (fludarabine phosphate) and rituximab with or without lenalidomide or cyclophosphamide work in treating patients with symptomatic chronic lymphocytic leukemia. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as fludarabine phosphate and cyclophosphamide, work in different ways to stop the growth of cancer cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Monoclonal antibodies, such as rituximab, may block cancer growth in different ways by targeting certain cells. Lenalidomide may stimulate the immune system in different ways and stop cancer cells from growing. Giving fludarabine phosphate and rituximab together with lenalidomide or cyclophosphamide may be an effective treatment for chronic lymphocytic leukemia.


Condition Intervention Phase
Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia
Stage I Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia
Stage II Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia
Stage III Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia
Stage IV Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia
Drug: Cyclophosphamide
Drug: Fludarabine Phosphate
Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis
Drug: Lenalidomide
Biological: Rituximab
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Genetic Risk-Stratified, Randomized Phase II Study of Four Fludarabine/Antibody Combinations for Patients With Symptomatic, Previously Untreated Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • 2-Year Progression Free Survival Rate [ Time Frame: 2 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Percentage of participants who were alive and progression free at 2 years. The 2-year progression free survival was estimated using the Kaplan Meier method.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Induction response rate [ Time Frame: Up to 15 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Percentage of participants with a complete response (CR) or partial response (PR). CR: no lymphadenopathy, hepatomegaly, splenomegaly or constitutional symptoms; normal complete blood count; confirmed by bone marrow (BM) aspirate & biopsy PR: 50% decrease in peripheral blood lymphocytes, lymphadenopathy, liver/spleen size, presence/absence of constitutional symptoms; plus >= 1 of the following: >= 1500/uL polymorphonuclear leukocytes, > 100,000/uL platelets, > 11.0 g/dL hemoglobin or 50% improvement for these parameters without transfusions.

  • Induction response rates in patients with del(11q22.3) [ Time Frame: Up to 15 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Percentage of del (11q22.3) participants with a CR or PR.

  • PFS rate of patients with del(11q22.3) [ Time Frame: 2 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Percentage of del (11q22.3) participants who were alive and progression free at 2 years. The 2-year progression free survival was estimated using the Kaplan Meier method.

  • Time-to-progression [ Time Frame: Up to 15 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Time to progression (TTP) was defined as the registration to date of progression or death due to any cause, whichever occurs first. TTP was estimated using the Kaplan Meier method. Progressive disease (PD) required at least one of the following: >= 50% increase in the absolute number of lymphocytes, appearance of new palpable lymph nodes, >= 50% increase in the product of at least two lymphnodes, >= 50% increase in the enlargement of the liver and/or spleen.

  • Time-to-progression in patients with del(11q22.3) [ Time Frame: Up to 15 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Time to progression (TTP) in del(11q22.3) participants was defined as the registration to date of progression or death due to any cause, whichever occurs first. TTP was estimated using the Kaplan Meier method.


Enrollment: 418
Study Start Date: January 2008
Primary Completion Date: December 2014 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Active Comparator: Arm A (rituximab, fludarabine phosphate)
Participants receive induction therapy (every 28 days for up to 6 cycles) of: Patients receive rituximab IV over 1-4 hours on days 1 (50 mg/m^2), 3 (325 mg/m^2), and 5 (375 mg/m^2) of course 1 and on day 1 (375 mg/m^2) of all subsequent courses. Patients also receive fludarabine phosphate 25 mg/m^2/day IV over 30 minutes or PO on days 1-5.
Drug: Fludarabine Phosphate
Given IV or PO
Other Names:
  • 2-F-ara-AMP
  • 9H-Purin-6-amine, 2-fluoro-9-(5-O-phosphono-.beta.-D-arabinofuranosyl)-
  • Beneflur
  • Fludara
  • FLUDARABINE PHOSPHATE
  • Oforta
  • SH T 586
Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis
Correlative studies
Biological: Rituximab
Given IV
Other Names:
  • BI 695500
  • C2B8 Monoclonal Antibody
  • Chimeric Anti-CD20 Antibody
  • IDEC-102
  • IDEC-C2B8
  • IDEC-C2B8 Monoclonal Antibody
  • MabThera
  • Monoclonal Antibody IDEC-C2B8
  • PF-05280586
  • Rituxan
  • RITUXIMAB
  • Rituximab Biosimilar BI 695500
  • Rituximab Biosimilar PF-05280586
  • Rituximab Biosimilar RTXM83
  • RTXM83
Experimental: Arm B (rituximab, fludarabine phosphate, lenalidomide)
Participants receive induction therapy (every 28 days for up to 6 cycles) of: rituximab IV over 1-4 hours on days 1 (50 mg/m^2), 3 (325 mg/m^2), and 5 (375 mg/m^2) of course 1 and on day 1 (375 mg/m^2) of all subsequent courses. Patients also receive fludarabine phosphate 25 mg/m^2/day IV over 30 minutes or PO on days 1-5. Participants without progression receive consolidation therapy lenalidomide 5mg/day cycle 1, 10 mg/day cycles 2-6 PO QD on days 1-21 of 28 day cycle.
Drug: Fludarabine Phosphate
Given IV or PO
Other Names:
  • 2-F-ara-AMP
  • 9H-Purin-6-amine, 2-fluoro-9-(5-O-phosphono-.beta.-D-arabinofuranosyl)-
  • Beneflur
  • Fludara
  • FLUDARABINE PHOSPHATE
  • Oforta
  • SH T 586
Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis
Correlative studies
Drug: Lenalidomide
Given PO
Other Names:
  • CC-5013
  • CC5013
  • CDC 501
  • LENALIDOMIDE
  • Revlimid
Biological: Rituximab
Given IV
Other Names:
  • BI 695500
  • C2B8 Monoclonal Antibody
  • Chimeric Anti-CD20 Antibody
  • IDEC-102
  • IDEC-C2B8
  • IDEC-C2B8 Monoclonal Antibody
  • MabThera
  • Monoclonal Antibody IDEC-C2B8
  • PF-05280586
  • Rituxan
  • RITUXIMAB
  • Rituximab Biosimilar BI 695500
  • Rituximab Biosimilar PF-05280586
  • Rituximab Biosimilar RTXM83
  • RTXM83
Experimental: Arm C (rituximab, fludarabine phosphate, cyclophosphamide)
Participants receive induction therapy (every 28 days for up to 6 cycles) of: rituximab IV over 4 hours on days 1 (50mg/m^2) and 3 (325 mg/m^2) of course 1 and on day 1 (500 mg/m^2) of all subsequent courses. Patients then receive fludarabine phosphate (age < 70: 25 mg/m^2/day; age >= 70: 20 mg/m^2/day) IV piggyback over 30 minutes or PO (32 mg/m^2/day) followed by cyclophosphamide (age < 70: 250 mg/m^2/day; age >= 70: 150 mg/m^2/day) IV piggyback over 30 minutes on days 1-3.
Drug: Cyclophosphamide
Given IV
Other Names:
  • (-)-Cyclophosphamide
  • 2H-1,3,2-Oxazaphosphorine, 2-[bis(2-chloroethyl)amino]tetrahydro-, 2-oxide, monohydrate
  • Carloxan
  • Ciclofosfamida
  • Ciclofosfamide
  • Cicloxal
  • Clafen
  • Claphene
  • CP monohydrate
  • CTX
  • CYCLO-cell
  • Cycloblastin
  • Cycloblastine
  • Cyclophospham
  • Cyclophosphamid monohydrate
  • CYCLOPHOSPHAMIDE
  • Cyclophosphamidum
  • Cyclophosphan
  • Cyclophosphane
  • Cyclophosphanum
  • Cyclostin
  • Cyclostine
  • Cytophosphan
  • Cytophosphane
  • Cytoxan
  • Fosfaseron
  • Genoxal
  • Genuxal
  • Ledoxina
  • Mitoxan
  • Neosar
  • Revimmune
  • Syklofosfamid
  • WR- 138719
Drug: Fludarabine Phosphate
Given IV or PO
Other Names:
  • 2-F-ara-AMP
  • 9H-Purin-6-amine, 2-fluoro-9-(5-O-phosphono-.beta.-D-arabinofuranosyl)-
  • Beneflur
  • Fludara
  • FLUDARABINE PHOSPHATE
  • Oforta
  • SH T 586
Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis
Correlative studies
Biological: Rituximab
Given IV
Other Names:
  • BI 695500
  • C2B8 Monoclonal Antibody
  • Chimeric Anti-CD20 Antibody
  • IDEC-102
  • IDEC-C2B8
  • IDEC-C2B8 Monoclonal Antibody
  • MabThera
  • Monoclonal Antibody IDEC-C2B8
  • PF-05280586
  • Rituxan
  • RITUXIMAB
  • Rituximab Biosimilar BI 695500
  • Rituximab Biosimilar PF-05280586
  • Rituximab Biosimilar RTXM83
  • RTXM83
Experimental: Arm D (rituximab, fludarabine, cyclophosphamide, lenalidomide)
Patients receive the first course of induction therapy as in Arm A or B before being re-assigned to Arm D. Beginning in course 2, patients receive rituximab IV (500 mg/m^2) on day 1 and fludarabine phosphate (age < 70: 25 mg/m^2/day; age >= 70: 20 mg/m^2/day) IV piggyback over 30 minutes or PO (32 mg/m^2/day) and cyclophosphamide IV (age < 70: 250 mg/m^2/day; age >= 70: 150 mg/m^2/day) piggyback over 30 minutes on days 1-3. Participants without progression receive consolidation therapy: lenalidomide 5mg/day cycle 1, 10 mg/day cycles 2-6PO QD on days 1-21 of 28 day cycle.
Drug: Cyclophosphamide
Given IV
Other Names:
  • (-)-Cyclophosphamide
  • 2H-1,3,2-Oxazaphosphorine, 2-[bis(2-chloroethyl)amino]tetrahydro-, 2-oxide, monohydrate
  • Carloxan
  • Ciclofosfamida
  • Ciclofosfamide
  • Cicloxal
  • Clafen
  • Claphene
  • CP monohydrate
  • CTX
  • CYCLO-cell
  • Cycloblastin
  • Cycloblastine
  • Cyclophospham
  • Cyclophosphamid monohydrate
  • CYCLOPHOSPHAMIDE
  • Cyclophosphamidum
  • Cyclophosphan
  • Cyclophosphane
  • Cyclophosphanum
  • Cyclostin
  • Cyclostine
  • Cytophosphan
  • Cytophosphane
  • Cytoxan
  • Fosfaseron
  • Genoxal
  • Genuxal
  • Ledoxina
  • Mitoxan
  • Neosar
  • Revimmune
  • Syklofosfamid
  • WR- 138719
Drug: Fludarabine Phosphate
Given IV or PO
Other Names:
  • 2-F-ara-AMP
  • 9H-Purin-6-amine, 2-fluoro-9-(5-O-phosphono-.beta.-D-arabinofuranosyl)-
  • Beneflur
  • Fludara
  • FLUDARABINE PHOSPHATE
  • Oforta
  • SH T 586
Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis
Correlative studies
Drug: Lenalidomide
Given PO
Other Names:
  • CC-5013
  • CC5013
  • CDC 501
  • LENALIDOMIDE
  • Revlimid
Biological: Rituximab
Given IV
Other Names:
  • BI 695500
  • C2B8 Monoclonal Antibody
  • Chimeric Anti-CD20 Antibody
  • IDEC-102
  • IDEC-C2B8
  • IDEC-C2B8 Monoclonal Antibody
  • MabThera
  • Monoclonal Antibody IDEC-C2B8
  • PF-05280586
  • Rituxan
  • RITUXIMAB
  • Rituximab Biosimilar BI 695500
  • Rituximab Biosimilar PF-05280586
  • Rituximab Biosimilar RTXM83
  • RTXM83

  Show Detailed Description

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Specific diagnosis of B-cell CLL:

    • An absolute lymphocytosis of > 5,000/uL

      • Morphologically, the lymphocytes must appear mature with < 55% prolymphocytes
      • Bone marrow examination must include at least a unilateral aspirate and biopsy; the aspirate smear must show > 30% of all nucleated cells to be lymphoid or the bone marrow core biopsy must show lymphoid infiltrates compatible with marrow involvement by CLL; overall cellularity must be normocellular or hypercellular
      • Local institution lymphocyte phenotype must reveal a predominant B-cell monoclonal population sharing a B-cell marker (cluster of differentiation [CD]19, CD20, CD23) with the CD5 antigen, in the absence of other pan-T-cell markers; additionally, the B-cells must be monoclonal with regard to expression of either kappa or lambda and have surface immunoglobulin expression of low density; patients with bright surface immunoglobulin levels must have CD23 co-expression
  • Patients must have symptomatic and active intermediate or high-risk categories of the modified three-stage Rai staging system:

    • Not eligible: low risk, Rai stage 0, lymphocytes (L) in blood (> 5000/uL) and marrow (> 30%) only
    • Intermediate risk, Rai stage I, L + enlarged lymph nodes (LN)
    • Intermediate risk, Rai stage II, L + spleen and/or liver (LN + or -)
    • High risk, Rai stage III, L + anemia (hemoglobin < 11 gm/dL)
    • High risk, Rai stage IV, L + thrombocytopenia (platelets < 100,000/uL)
  • Patients in the intermediate-risk group must have evidence of active disease as demonstrated by at least one of the following criteria:

    • Massive or progressive splenomegaly, hepatomegaly and/or lymphadenopathy
    • Presence of weight loss > 10% over the preceding 6 month period
    • Grade 2 or 3 fatigue
    • Fevers > 100.5 degrees Fahrenheit (°F) or night sweats for greater than 2 weeks without evidence of infection
    • Progressive lymphocytosis with an increase of > 50% over a 2 month period or an anticipated doubling time of less than 6 months
  • No prior therapy for CLL, including no corticosteroids for autoimmune complications that have developed since the initial diagnosis of CLL
  • No medical condition requiring chronic use of oral corticosteroids
  • Performance status 0 - 2
  • Patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection may be eligible provided they meet the following criteria: no evidence of infection with hepatitis B or C; CD4+ cell count > 350/mm^3; no evidence of resistant strains of HIV; if not on anti-HIV therapy, an HIV viral load < 10,000 copies HIV ribonucleic acid (RNA)/mL; if on HIV therapy, HIV viral load < 50 copies HIV RNA/mL; and no history of acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS)-defining condition; patients receiving concurrent zidovudine or stavudine may not be enrolled
  • Non-pregnant and non-nursing
  • In females of child-bearing potential randomized to Arm B or assigned to Arm D, a negative urine or serum pregnancy test with a sensitivity of at least 25 mIU/mL will be required: 1) 10-14 days prior to beginning lenalidomide consolidation therapy; and 2) within 24 hours prior to the first dose of lenalidomide consolidation therapy; in addition, females of childbearing potential in Arm B and Arm D with regular menses must have a pregnancy test performed weekly during the first 28 days of treatment, and then every 28 days while taking lenalidomide (including breaks in lenalidomide), at discontinuation of lenalidomide, and then 28 days following discontinuation of lenalidomide; if menses are irregular, a pregnancy test must be performed weekly during the first 28 days of treatment, and then every 14 days while taking lenalidomide, at discontinuation of lenalidomide, and at 14 and 28 days after discontinuation of lenalidomide; additionally, females of childbearing potential must either commit to continued abstinence from heterosexual intercourse or begin TWO reliable methods of birth control - one highly effective method (intrauterine device [IUD], hormonal [birth control pills, injections, or implants], tubal ligation, or partner's vasectomy), and one additional effective method (latex condom, diaphragm, or cervical cap) - AT THE SAME TIME, at least 4 weeks before she begins lenalidomide therapy, while participating in the study, and for at least 4 weeks after completing lenalidomide therapy; "females of childbearing potential" is defined as a sexually mature woman who has not undergone a hysterectomy or bilateral oophorectomy, or who has had menses at any time in the preceding 24 consecutive months (not been naturally postmenopausal for at least 24 consecutive months)
  • Male patients randomized to Arm B or reassigned to Arm D must agree not to father a child and to use a latex condom during any sexual contact with females of childbearing potential while taking lenalidomide and for at least 4 weeks following completion of lenalidomide therapy, even if the patient have undergone a successful vasectomy
  • All patients randomized to Arm B or reassigned to Arm D must be counseled by a trained counselor every 28 days during consolidation therapy about pregnancy precautions and risks of fetal exposure
  • Creatinine =< 1.5 x upper limit of normal
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00602459

  Show 350 Study Locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group
NCIC Clinical Trials Group
Southwest Oncology Group
Investigators
Principal Investigator: John Byrd Alliance for Clinical Trials in Oncology
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: National Cancer Institute (NCI)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00602459     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: NCI-2009-00441, NCI-2009-00441, NCIC CTG C10404, CAN-NCIC-CL3, SWOG C10404, CDR0000584205, ECOG-10404, ECOG 10404, NCIC-CTG-C10404, SWOG-C10404, CALGB 10404, CALGB-10404, U10CA180821, U10CA031946
Study First Received: January 23, 2008
Last Updated: April 22, 2015
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Leukemia
Leukemia, Lymphocytic, Chronic, B-Cell
Leukemia, Lymphoid
Immune System Diseases
Immunoproliferative Disorders
Leukemia, B-Cell
Lymphatic Diseases
Lymphoproliferative Disorders
Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Antibodies
Antibodies, Monoclonal
Cyclophosphamide
Fludarabine
Fludarabine phosphate
Immunoglobulins
Lenalidomide
Rituximab
Thalidomide
Vidarabine
Alkylating Agents
Angiogenesis Inhibitors
Angiogenesis Modulating Agents
Anti-Bacterial Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Antimetabolites
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Antineoplastic Agents
Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating
Antirheumatic Agents

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on August 31, 2015