Panitumumab, Chemotherapy, and External-Beam Radiation Therapy in Treating Patients With Locally Advanced Pancreatic Cancer That Cannot be Removed by Surgery
RATIONALE: Monoclonal antibodies, such as panitumumab, can block tumor growth in different ways. Some block the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. Others find tumor cells and help kill them or carry tumor-killing substances to them. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as fluorouracil, capecitabine, and gemcitabine, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. External-beam radiation therapy uses high-energy x-rays to kill tumor cells. Panitumumab may also stop the growth of pancreatic cancer by blocking blood flow to the tumor and make tumor cells more sensitive to radiation therapy. Giving panitumumab together with chemotherapy and radiation therapy may kill more tumor cells.
PURPOSE: This phase II trial is studying how well giving panitumumab together with chemotherapy and external-beam radiation therapy works in treating patients with locally advanced pancreatic cancer that cannot be removed by surgery.
|Pancreatic Cancer||Biological: panitumumab Drug: capecitabine Drug: fluorouracil Drug: gemcitabine hydrochloride Radiation: radiation therapy||Phase 2|
|Study Design:||Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Phase II Study of Panitumumab, Chemotherapy, and External Beam Radiation in Patients With Locally Advanced Pancreatic Cancer|
- One Year Survival Rate [ Time Frame: Baseline to 12 months ]The proportion of successes will be estimated by the number of successes divided by the total number of evaluable patients. Confidence intervals for the true success proportion will be calculated according to the exact binomial method.
- Overall Survival [ Time Frame: baseline to 2 years ]Survival time is defined as the time from registration to death due to any cause. The distribution of survival time will be estimated using the method of Kaplan-Meier
- Progression Free Survival (PFS) [ Time Frame: baseline to 2 years ]Progression Free Survival is defined as the time from registration to the earliest documented evidence of disease progression.
- Confirmed Response Rate [ Time Frame: baseline to 2 years ]
A confirmed tumor response is defined to be a complete response (CR) or partial response (PR) noted as the objective status on 2 consecutive evaluations at least 4 weeks apart according to the Response Evaluation Criteria In Solid Tumors (RECIST) version 1.1.
A complete response is defined as the disappearance of all target and non-target lesions.
A partial response is defined as at least a 30% decrease in the sum of the longest diameter (LD) of the target lesion from baseline.
Confirmed tumor response will be evaluated using the first 6 cycles of treatment.
- Duration of Response [ Time Frame: baseline to 2 years ]Duration of response is defined for all evaluable patients who have achieved an objective response as the date at which the patient's earliest best objective status is first noted to be either a CR or PR to the earliest date progression is documented.
- Time to Treatment Failure [ Time Frame: baseline to 2 years ]Time to treatment failure is defined to be the time from the date of registration to the date at which the patient is removed from treatment due to progression, adverse events, or refusal. The distribution of survival time will be estimated using the method of Kaplan-Meier.
|Study Start Date:||June 2009|
|Study Completion Date:||May 2013|
|Primary Completion Date:||July 2011 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Chemotherapy concurrent with radiation: Radiation 5 days per week for 5½ weeks; Panitumumab on days 1, 15, and 29 of radiation therapy 5-fluorouracil (5FU) continuous infusion, starting on day 1 and through last day of radiation.
4-6 weeks after completion of radiation therapy: Gemcitabine on days 1, 8, and 15 of each cycle, for 3 cycles; Panitumumab on days 1 and 15 of each cycle, for 3 cycles. Maintenance therapy: Panitumumab on days 1 and 15 of each cycle, for 6 cycles.
|Biological: panitumumab Drug: capecitabine Drug: fluorouracil Drug: gemcitabine hydrochloride Radiation: radiation therapy|
- To evaluate the 1-year survival rate in patients with locally advanced pancreatic cancer treated with panitumumab and continuous infusion fluorouracil administered concurrently with external-beam radiotherapy followed by gemcitabine and panitumumab.
- To determine overall survival, time to disease progression, confirmed response rate, duration of response, and time to treatment failure in patients treated with this regimen.
- To determine adverse events in patients treated with this regimen.
- Panitumumab and chemoradiotherapy : Patients undergo external-beam radiotherapy once daily on days 1-5, 8-12, 15-19, 22-26, 29-33, and 36-38. Patients also receive panitumumab IV over 1 hour on days 1, 15, and 29 and fluorouracil IV continuously over 24 hours daily OR oral capecitabine twice daily beginning on day 1 and continuing through the last day of radiotherapy.
- Panitumumab and chemotherapy: Beginning 4-6 weeks after completion of panitumumab and chemoradiotherapy, patients receive panitumumab IV over 1 hour on days 1 and 15 and gemcitabine IV over 30 minutes on days 1, 8, and 15. Treatment repeats every 28 days for 3 courses. Patients then proceed to maintenance therapy.
- Maintenance therapy: Patients receive panitumumab IV over 1 hour on days 1 and 15. Treatment repeats every 28 days for 6 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
After completion of study treatment, patients are followed every 3 months for 2 years and then every 6 months for 1 year.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00601627
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|Study Chair:||George Kim, MD||Mayo Clinic|