Patients selected for hepatectomy because carriers of hepatocellular carcinoma or colorectal cancer liver metastases invading the middle hepatic vein at caval confluence (last 4 cm).
Procedure: Ultrasound-guided hepatectomy
After laparotomy and staging by intraoperative ultrasound (IOUS), anterior surface of the hepatocaval confluence is exposed. Than, compression by means of the surgeon's finger-tip is applied at the MHV caval confluence verifying at color-Doppler IOUS the disappearance of the blood flow in the MHV or its inversion. Then, MHV clamping itself is carried out, and parenchymal sparing resection would be selected if at least one of these 3 findings is confirmed:
- Reversal color-Doppler IOUS flow direction in the peripheral portion of the MHV, which suggests the drainage through collateral circulation in the RHV/LHV depending on the side of the MHV branch with reversal flow.
- Detectable shunting collaterals at color-Doppler IOUS with RHV or LHV.
- Hepatopetal flow in P5-8 and/or P4inf portal branches. If none of these finding is confirmed and in particular hepatofugal flow direction in the P5-8 and/or P4 inf is detected the hepatectomy has to be extended.