Efficacy Study of Sublingual Immunotherapy to Treat Ragweed Allergies

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Greer Laboratories
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00599872
First received: December 20, 2007
Last updated: January 6, 2015
Last verified: December 2014
  Purpose
The purpose of this study is to determine an effective dose range for the administration of ragweed allergenic extract via the sublingual route of administration

Condition Intervention Phase
Allergic Rhinitis
Biological: Standardized Ragweed Allergenic Extract
Biological: Placebo
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Parallel, Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Trial in Adults for the Sublingual-Oral Immunotherapy (SLIT) of Allergic Rhinoconjunctivitis With or Without Asthma Caused By Ragweed Pollen

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Greer Laboratories:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Scores on a Scale (Average of Daily Rhinoconjunctivitis Symptom Score (RSS) Recorded During the Ragweed Season [ Time Frame: Ragweed pollen season, 08/01/08 to 10/30/08, approximately 3 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

    Symptom score defined as sum of scores from eight symptoms rated 0-3 (0=absent, 1=mild, 2=moderate, 3=severe): ocular (itchiness, swelling/redness, and watery eyes/tears), nasal (sneezing, itching, runny and stuffy nose), and ears (itching). Average daily RSS ranged from 0-48; A lower score was more favorable.

    The average daily RSS was computed for each subject by: (1) summing the 8 individual allergy symptoms recorded in the morning (AM RSS) and the evening (PM RSS); (2) forming the daily RSS by summing the AM RSS and the PM RSS for each day of the ragweed season; (3) averaging the daily RSS for the entire ragweed pollen season.



Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Scores on a Scale (Average Daily RSS During the Highest Pollen Count Week) [ Time Frame: 09/01/2008-09/07/2008 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

    Symptom score defined as sum of scores from eight symptoms rated 0-3 (0=absent, 1=mild, 2=moderate, 3=severe): ocular (itchiness, swelling/redness, and watery eyes/tears), nasal (sneezing, itching, runny and stuffy nose), and ears (itching). Average daily RSS ranged from 0-48; A lower score was more favorable.

    The average daily RSS was computed for each subject by: (1) summing the 8 individual allergy symptoms recorded in the morning (AM RSS) and the evening (PM RSS); (2) forming the daily RSS by summing the AM RSS and the PM RSS for each day of the ragweed season; (3) averaging the daily RSS for the entire ragweed pollen season.

    The highest pollen count week was defined as the 7 contiguous days from the series with the largest average pollen count, and in which the weekly average was computed using at least 4 non-missing daily RSS values (either AM or PM could be present to be considered a valid daily RSS value).


  • Scores on a Scale (Average Daily AM RSS and the Average Daily PM RSS During the Ragweed Season) [ Time Frame: Ragweed pollen season 08/01/08 to 10/30/08 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

    Symptom score defined as sum of scores from eight symptoms rated 0-3 (0=absent, 1=mild, 2=moderate, 3=severe): ocular (itchiness, swelling/redness, and watery eyes/tears), nasal (sneezing, itching, runny and stuffy nose), and ears (itching). Average daily RSS ranged from 0-48; A lower score was more favorable.

    The average daily RSS (the sum of the 8 individual allergy symptoms recorded in the morning (AM RSS) and the evening (PM RSS).


  • Scores on a Scale (Average Daily RSS During the Ragweed Season for Each of the Three Organ) Systems (Ocular, Nasal, Ears); [ Time Frame: Ragweed pollen season 08/01/08 to 10/30/08 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The average daily RSS during the ragweed season for each of the 3 organ systems (ocular, nasal, ears) were separately analyzed to evaluate these individual components of the RSS. Three separate baseline average daily RSS values were computed for this analysis. The modified ITT population was used for this analysis. The range for scores: 0 to 3 for each of eight symptom or a total of 0 to 24 daily RSS. A lower score was more favorable.

  • Scores on a Scale (Total Allergy Relief Medication Score During the Ragweed Season) for Each Subject [ Time Frame: Ragweed pollen season 08/01/08 to 10/30/08 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Total allergy relief medication score during the ragweed season for each subject. This score is computed for each subject by summing their individual medication scores (excluding beta-agonist use) for the entire ragweed season. High scores were indicative of poor symptom relief from the study medication. The associated relief medication scores assigned to medication are 0-if no medication taken; 3 for each one antihistamine tablet taken; 1 for each 2 antihistamine eye drop administrations, 1 for each 2 antihistamine nasal spray administrations and 1 for each puff of beta-agonist. The maximum medication score was dependent on the cumulative rescue medication use. The lower result the more favorable.

  • Scores on a Scale (The Average Combined Allergy Symptom and Medication Score During the Ragweed Season for Each Subject) [ Time Frame: Ragweed pollen season 08/01/08 to 10/30/08 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The average combined allergy symptom and medication score during the ragweed season for each subject. This score is computed for each subject by adding their daily relief medication scores (excluding beta-agonist use) and their daily RSS for the entire ragweed season, and then taking the average of the combined scores across days.


Enrollment: 430
Study Start Date: March 2008
Study Completion Date: December 2008
Primary Completion Date: November 2008 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Active Comparator: Ragweed Allergenic Extract
Standardized Ragweed Allergenic Extract administered via the sublingual oral route (27.6 to 77.3 Amb a 1 Units)
Biological: Standardized Ragweed Allergenic Extract
Standardized Ragweed Allergenic Extract, sublingual oral
Placebo Comparator: Placebo
Standardized Ragweed Allergenic Extract Placebo via the sublingual oral route
Biological: Placebo
Placebo, sublingual oral

Detailed Description:

Specific allergen immunotherapy as currently practiced in the USA and described in product labeling comprises the subcutaneous injection of incrementally increasing doses to a targeted maintenance dose ("build-up") followed by maintenance injections of allergenic extract/vaccine. Up to 30-40 injections may be required during the build-up phase over a 3-6 month period. When adequate maintenance doses are reached, this form of immunotherapy (SCIT) has been shown to be highly effective and safe.

Standard practices recommend that the injections be given under the supervision of trained physicians and that the patient remain in the physician's office at least 20 to 30 minutes after an injection. The administration of immunotherapy injections are not recommended at home because of the risk of inadequate recognition and treatment of systemic reactions. The inconvenience and expense of traveling for allergy injections and the discomfort of the repeated injections is a disincentive to this form of treatment particularly in pediatric patients. For example, dropout rates exceeding 50% over a multi-year course of injection treatment have been reported.

Alternative routes for immunotherapy have been explored, especially in Europe in an attempt to improve patient compliance and to minimize the risk of serious adverse reactions. For example, sublingual-oral immunotherapy (SLIT), which is the administration of the allergenic extract/vaccine under the tongue for 1-2 minutes followed by swallowing, has been proven to be efficacious and safe in several double-blind, placebo-controlled studies. A recent Cochrane Review concluded, "SLIT is a safe treatment, which significantly reduces symptoms and medication requirements in allergic rhinitis."

Efficacy studies support the use of SLIT for the treatment of rhinitis or rhinitis and asthma. However, dosage schedules are highly variable and optimal maintenance doses have not yet been established. Thus, dosing studies should be designed to investigate not only the safety profile but to determine optimal doses for maintenance therapy of patients built-up by injection IT and for build-up regimens of previously untreated patients.

Much of the United States medical community's hesitation to embrace sublingual immunotherapy as a viable treatment option for allergy patients has stemmed from limited information using U.S. licensed allergenic extracts for this treatment route. Additionally, the cost-effectiveness of one form of therapy over the other has not been clearly evaluated and the third-party payers have not accepted SLIT for insurance coverage.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 50 Years   (Adult)
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Adult ragweed-sensitive Subjects with allergic rhinoconjunctivitis with or without asthma during ragweed pollen season.
  • Subjects must be 18 to 50 years of age.
  • Test Subjects will have a history of moderate to severe isolated or unseasonal allergic rhinoconjunctivitis with or without mild intermittent asthma symptoms attributable to ragweed pollen for a minimum of 2 years before study entry.
  • Subjects with or with out a history of asthma will possess FEV1 and PEF greater than or equal to 80% predicted at the beginning of the study established by spirometry and defined by the Knudson predicted set.
  • Sensitivity to the relevant allergen will be documented by a positive skin prick test result performed along with negative (saline) and positive (histamine) control skin tests. A positive test will be defined as the skin reaction having the longest wheal diameter of 5mm or greater or the longest erythema diameter of 10 mm or greater at 15-20 minutes after application.
  • All female Subjects of child-bearing potential will be required to provide a urine sample for pregnancy testing that must be negative before being allowed to participate in the study.
  • Subjects must be planning to remain in the study area during the trial (see exclusion criteria # 14).
  • Subjects must be trained on the proper use of the EpiPen, and sign the EpiPenTraining Form before being allowed to enroll in the study.
  • Subjects must be mentally and physically capable of self-administering oral drug.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Subjects having a history of anaphylaxis or history consistent with persistent asthma
  • Subjects taking antihistamines or nasal steroids medications greater than twice a week in the months of January and/or February.
  • Subjects with chronic sinusitis unstable angina, significant arrhythmia, uncontrolled hypertension, or other chronic or immunological diseases that in the opinion of the investigator might interfere with the evaluation of the test drug or pose additional risk to the Subject.
  • Subjects having perennial or structurally related rhinitis or rhinitis medicamentosa (from excessive use of nasal decongestants) that will interfere with the evaluation of symptoms due to ragweed allergy.
  • Subjects with an FEV1 or PEF less than 80% predicted (moderate persistent asthma) with or without controller medication.
  • Subjects who have received an experimental drug in the 30 days prior to admission into this study or who plan to use an experimental drug during the study.
  • Subjects who have received Anti-IgE medications (Xolair) or similar compounds in the last 12 months.
  • Subjects who have received ragweed allergen immunotherapy in the last 3 years prior to admission into this study.
  • Subjects who are current users of inhaled, oral, intramuscular, intravenous corticosteroids, tricyclic antidepressants, beta blockers, or MAO inhibitors.
  • Subjects using beta-agonist more than twice a month unless being taken prior to exercise.
  • Subjects using medications that could induce adverse gastrointestinal reactions during the study. Subjects using such medications must prove stable with no side effects for at least 3 months prior to enrollment.
  • Subjects refusing to sign the EpiPen Training Form will be excluded from the study.
  • Pregnant or breast feeding females.
  • Subjects who plan to leave the study area for more than 2 consecutive weeks during the study.
  • Subjects with a positive skin prick test to cat and/or dog, and own the pet(s) to which they are allergic.
  • Subjects who sleep during the day due to working third shift.
  • Subjects unable to achieve dose #2 or higher during preliminary dosing will be excluded.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00599872

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Sponsors and Collaborators
Greer Laboratories
Investigators
Study Director: Robert E. Esch, PhD Greer Laboratories, Inc.
  More Information

Responsible Party: Greer Laboratories
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00599872     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: SLIT07-01 
Study First Received: December 20, 2007
Results First Received: July 7, 2011
Last Updated: January 6, 2015
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Keywords provided by Greer Laboratories:
Allergy
Sublingual Immunotherapy
Allergic Rhinitis

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Rhinitis
Rhinitis, Allergic
Nose Diseases
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Respiratory Tract Infections
Otorhinolaryngologic Diseases
Respiratory Hypersensitivity
Hypersensitivity, Immediate
Hypersensitivity
Immune System Diseases

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on August 24, 2016