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Cetuximab and Radiation Therapy in Laryngeal Cancer Patients Who Have Responded to One Cycle of Chemotherapy (SPORE)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00599131
Recruitment Status : Terminated (The study was discontinued prematurely due to early stopping rules.)
First Posted : January 23, 2008
Results First Posted : June 16, 2014
Last Update Posted : December 3, 2015
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of Michigan Rogel Cancer Center

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study is to learn how to identify early which patients will respond to chemotherapy plus radiation therapy in order to reduce the number of subjects who require surgery (followed by radiation therapy).

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Cancer of Larynx Drug: Cisplatin Drug: Cetuximab Drug: 5-Fluorouracil Drug: Docetaxel Phase 2

Detailed Description:
In this study one cycle of chemotherapy will be administered and then those subjects who respond well to that cycle will be started on radiation therapy along with chemotherapy and those that don't respond well to the initial cycle of chemotherapy, will undergo a total laryngectomy (surgery to remove the voice box) followed by radiation therapy. The initial cycle of chemotherapy consists of the drugs Taxotere, Cisplatin, and 5-Fluorouracil (this combination is known as TPF). Then on Day 20 of the study, the subjects will be administered another chemotherapy agent called cetuximab (a.k.a. C-225). It will then be determined if the patient's response to the chemotherapy was favorable by examining the patient's tumor with an endoscopy. If the response is determined to be good, then the patient will continue with a chemotherapy regimen with the addition of radiation therapy combination. If the patient's response to the chemotherapy is determined to be less than favorable, then the patient will be advised to undergo salvage surgery (a.k.a. laryngectomy) to remove their voice box and then undergo radiation therapy treatment. Additionally, tumor tissue samples and blood will be studied to see if there are special molecular markers that help predict when a tumor will respond to chemotherapy and radiation treatment.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 4 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase II Organ Preservation Trial Using Cetuximab and Radiation Therapy in Advanced Laryngeal Cancer Patients Who Have Responded to One Cycle of Induction Chemotherapy With Taxotere, Cisplatin, 5-Fluorouracil (TPF), and Cetuximab
Study Start Date : August 2007
Actual Primary Completion Date : July 2008
Actual Study Completion Date : October 2010

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Chemotherapy/Radiation/Surgery

Patients will undergo induction chemotherapy with (TPF): Docetaxel (Taxotere) 75 mg/m2 and cisplatin 100 mg/m2 on day 1, and 5-FU 750 mg/m2 days 1-4.

On day 20 patients will receive a single dose of cetuximab (C-225) 400 mg/m2.

Depending upon disease response, patients will undergo salvage laryngectomy followed by radiation therapy and chemotherapy.

Drug: Cisplatin
1. Day 1: 100 mg/m2, administered as an i.v. infusion will run over one hour. 2. Day #23: Subjects with a < 50% response (NR) to induction chemotherapy will undergo salvage laryngectomy followed by RT. Cisplatin will be added to radiation for patients whose surgical pathology reveals high-risk features (i.e. extracapsular spread, > 2 positive lymph nodes, perineural invasion, or positive margins). Cisplatin will either be dosed a 100 mg/m2 every 21 days or 40 mg/m2 weekly at the discretion of the prescribing physician.
Other Name: Platinol®-AQ

Drug: Cetuximab
1. Cetuximab will be administered at 400 mg/m2 on Day 20 (2 hour administration). 2. Cetuximab will be administered in combination with radiation therapy to those subjects who had a Partial or Complete response after the first cycle of the chemotherapy regimen is administered. The dosage for these administrations is 250 mg/m2 over sixty minutes and it will be administered for six weeks.
Other Names:
  • C-225
  • Erbitux®

Drug: 5-Fluorouracil
5-FU will be administered 750 mg/m2 in 0.9% normal saline as a 24-hour continuous infusion, days #1-4.
Other Names:
  • Adrucil®
  • Carac™
  • Efudex®
  • Fluoroplex®
  • 5-FU
  • FU

Drug: Docetaxel
75 mg/m2 by I.V. over one hour on Day # 1 only
Other Name: Taxotere®

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Percentage of Patients Achieving Histologic Complete Response [ Time Frame: 3 years ]
    The proportion of patients treated with radiation+cetuximab achieving histologic CR will be estimated, along with 95% exact confidence intervals. Histologic Complete Response (CR) will be defined as primary tumors exhibiting a clinical CR or at least a 90% PR (Partial Response) along with a negative post-treatment biopsy.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. The Difference, From Baseline, in EGFR, for Tumor Biopsies Taken After the Administration of Cetuximab Following TPF. [ Time Frame: Day 23 ]
    To determine tumor EGFR degradation, as well as other markers of down-stream EGFR inhibition, observed in tumor biopsies taken shortly after the administration of cetuximab following TPF, compared with pre-treatment biopsies.

  2. The Change in Overall Quality of Life Score During Radiation Therapy and at 6, 12, and 24 Months Post Treatment. [ Time Frame: 24 months ]
    To evaluate the quality of life (QOL).

  3. Overall Survival Time [ Time Frame: 3 years ]
    To determine the overall survival rates compared to the overall survival rates of historical controls.

  4. The Number of Patients That Experience Grade 3 and 4 Mucositis or Dysphagia [ Time Frame: 3 years. ]
    To determine and compare toxicities, most notably mucositis and dysphagia, in patients on this treatment regimen as compared to historical controls.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients must have pathologically confirmed, previously untreated, resectable, squamous cell carcinoma of the larynx.
  • Disease must be Stage III or IV.
  • Tumor must be potentially surgically resectable and curable with conventional surgery and radiation therapy.
  • Patients must undergo pre-treatment endoscopic tumor staging and CT scanning.
  • ECOG Performance status 0-2
  • Pre-treatment laboratory criteria:
  • WBC > or = to 3500/ul, granulocyte > or = to 1500/ul.
  • Platelet count > or equal to 100,000/ul.
  • Calculated or measured creatinine clearance > or = to 60 cc/min.
  • Total Bilirubin < or = to 1.5 X ULN.
  • AST and ALT < or = to 2.5 X ULN.
  • Patients must give documented informed consent to participate in this study.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Prior head and neck malignancy or history of other prior non-head and neck malignancy within the past 3 years.
  • Prior head and neck radiation or prior chemotherapy.
  • Documented evidence of distant metastases.
  • Active infection.
  • Pregnancy or lactation. Patients must agree to use adequate contraception (hormonal or barrier method of birth control) prior to study entry, for the duration of study participation and for 3 months after discontinuing therapy.
  • Any medical or psychiatric illness which in the opinion of the principal investigator would compromise the patients ability to tolerate this treatment.
  • Patients residing in prison.
  • Age < 18 years.
  • Patients with psychiatric/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements are not eligible.
  • Patients with prior radiation to the head and neck.
  • Patients with prior anti-epidermal growth-factor receptor antibody therapy or therapy with a tyrosine-kinase inhibitor.
  • Patients with Grade > 2 peripheral neuropathy.
  • Any history of severe hypersensitivity reaction to docetaxel or other drugs formulated with polysorbate 80.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00599131

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United States, Michigan
University of Michigan Comprehensive Cancer Center
Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States, 48109-0848
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Michigan Rogel Cancer Center
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Principal Investigator: Francis P. Worden, M.D. University of Michigan
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Responsible Party: University of Michigan Rogel Cancer Center Identifier: NCT00599131    
Other Study ID Numbers: UMCC 2007.029
HUM 11350 ( Other Identifier: University of Michigan Medical IRB )
First Posted: January 23, 2008    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: June 16, 2014
Last Update Posted: December 3, 2015
Last Verified: November 2015
Keywords provided by University of Michigan Rogel Cancer Center:
Cancer of Larynx
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Laryngeal Neoplasms
Otorhinolaryngologic Neoplasms
Head and Neck Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Laryngeal Diseases
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Respiratory Tract Neoplasms
Otorhinolaryngologic Diseases
Antineoplastic Agents
Tubulin Modulators
Antimitotic Agents
Mitosis Modulators
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antineoplastic Agents, Immunological