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Neoadjuvant Docetaxel on Newly Diagnosed Intermediate and High Grade Cancer of the Prostate (2007-5904)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00598858
Recruitment Status : Withdrawn (Halted due to zero accrual and lack of funding)
First Posted : January 23, 2008
Last Update Posted : December 8, 2016
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
John P. Fruehauf, University of California, Irvine

Brief Summary:
This pilot phase II trial studies docetaxel and prednisone in treating patients with newly diagnosed stage I-II prostate cancer undergoing prostatectomy. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as docetaxel, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. Biological therapies, such as prednisone, may stimulate the immune system in different ways and stop cancer cells from growing. Giving docetaxel and prednisone together may kill more tumor cells.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Prostate Cancer Adenocarcinoma of the Prostate Stage I Prostate Cancer Stage II Prostate Cancer Drug: Docetaxel Drug: Prednisone Phase 2

Detailed Description:


I. To determine the rate of a 3-month prostate-specific antigen (PSA) decline of at least 30% by chemotherapy regimen of docetaxel and prednisone in patients with stage I/II prostate cancer, who are scheduled for prostatectomy.

II. To compare tumor, pathological and PSA responses to neoadjuvant docetaxel between patients with intermediate and high grades of prostate cancer.

III. To obtain prostate specimens for genomic correlates with responses of the chemotherapy regimen of docetaxel and prednisone.


Patients receive docetaxel intravenously (IV) over 60 minutes on days 1 and 2 and prednisone orally (PO) twice daily (BID) on days 1-21. Treatment repeats every 21 days for 3 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients undergo prostatectomy within 3 weeks after completion of chemotherapy.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up within 7 days.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 0 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase II Study to Determine the Effects of Neoadjuvant Docetaxel on Newly Diagnosed Intermediate and High Grade Cancer of the Prostate in Patients Who Are Scheduled for Radical Prostatectomy With Genomic Correlates of Pathological Response
Study Start Date : January 2009
Actual Primary Completion Date : June 2010
Actual Study Completion Date : June 2010

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Treatment (docetaxel and prednisone)
Patients receive docetaxel IV over 60 minutes on days 1 and 2 and prednisone PO BID on days 1-21. Courses repeat every 21 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Drug: Docetaxel
Given IV
Other Names:
  • 114977-28-5
  • 40466
  • 628503
  • RP 56976
  • RP56976
  • Taxotere
  • TXT

Drug: Prednisone
Given PO
Other Names:
  • Adasone
  • Cortancyl
  • Dacortin
  • DeCortin
  • Decortisyl
  • Decorton
  • Delta(1)-Cortisone
  • Delta-Dome
  • Deltacortene
  • deltacortisone
  • deltadehydrocortisone
  • Deltison
  • Deltra
  • Econosone
  • Liquid Pred
  • Lisacort
  • Meprosona-F
  • metacortandracin
  • Meticorten
  • Ofisolona
  • Orasone
  • Panafcort
  • Panasol-S
  • Paracort
  • PRD
  • PRED
  • Predeltin
  • Predicor
  • Predicorten
  • Prednicen-M
  • Prednicort
  • Prednidib
  • Prednilonga
  • Predniment
  • Prednisonum
  • Prednitone
  • Promifen
  • Servisone
  • Sk-Prednisone
  • Sterapred

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. PSA response rate (partial response (PR) + complete response (CR)) [ Time Frame: 9 weeks ]
    Expressed with two-sided exact binomial confidence intervals. Significance of changes between pre- and after-treatment PSA or testosterone will be determined by the Wilcoxon signed-rank test. The difference of response rates between different pre-treatment pathological stages or Gleason scores will also be examined by Fisher's exact test. Associations between PSA response and tumor response, and PSA response and gene expression will also be examined by Fisher's exact test.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Rates of tumor response [ Time Frame: Up to 7 days after completion of study treatment ]
    Expressed with two-sided exact binomial confidence intervals.

  2. The rate of negative surgical margin [ Time Frame: Up to 7 days after completion of study treatment ]
  3. The proportion of patients with pathological down-staging defined as evidence of decreased pathological stage or Gleason score when compared with pretreatment pathological stage [ Time Frame: Up to 7 days after completion of study treatment ]
  4. Adverse events defined as any untoward medical occurrence in a patient administered a pharmaceutical product and which does not necessarily have to have a causal relationship with the treatment [ Time Frame: Up to 28 days after completion of study treatment ]
    Severity will be categorized by toxicity grade according to the National Cancer Institute (NCI) Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) version 3.0.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Male
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patient must have a histological diagnosis of adenocarcinoma of the prostate which is measurable or evaluable Stage I or II.
  • Patient must have an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status 0-2.
  • Patient must have a pre-study PSA within 28 days prior to start of therapy.
  • Patients who have received prior radiotherapy are not eligible.
  • Patient must have an adequate renal function
  • Men of childbearing potential must be willing to consent to using effective contraception while on treatment and for at least 3 months thereafter.
  • Age > 18
  • Patients must be able to take oral medications

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients with measurable metastatic diseases by a CT scan of the abdomen and pelvis within 28 days and by a bone scan within 42 days prior to start of therapy.
  • Patient must not have received chemotherapy, biologic therapy or any other investigational drug for any reason within 28 days prior to start of therapy and must have recovered from toxicities of prior therapy to grade 1 or less with the exception of alopecia.
  • Patients must not be treated with non-steroidal anti-androgens (flutamide, bicalutamide, nilutamide or ketoconazole).
  • Patients must not take vitamins, herbs, or micronutrient supplement within 28 days prior to start of therapy.
  • Patients may not have ongoing problems with bowel obstruction or short bowel syndrome characterized by grade 2 or greater diarrhea or malabsorptive disorders.
  • Patients with a history of severe hypersensitivity reaction to docetaxel or other drugs formulated with polysorbate 80
  • Patients should not have psychological, familial, sociological, or geographical conditions that do not permit medical follow-up or compliance with the study protocol.
  • Patients should not have any medical life-threatening complications of their malignancies
  • Patients should not have a known severe and/or uncontrolled concurrent medical disease (e.g., uncontrolled diabetes, uncontrolled chronic renal or liver disease, active uncontrolled infection, or HIV).
  • Patients should not have current, recent (within 4 weeks of the first infusion of this study), or planned participation in an experimental drug study.
  • Patients with history of myocardial infarction, cerebrovascular accident, transient ischemic attack, or unstable angina within 6 months
  • Patients with clinically significant peripheral vascular disease
  • Patients with evidence of bleeding diathesis or coagulopathy
  • Patients with central nervous system or brain metastases
  • Patients who had major surgical procedure, open biopsy, or significant traumatic injury within 28 days prior to Day 0, anticipation of need for major surgical procedure during the course of the study
  • Patients with minor surgical procedures, fine needle aspirations or core biopsies within 7 days prior to Day 0
  • Patients with history of abdominal fistula, gastrointestinal perforation, or intra-abdominal abscess
  • Patients with serious, non-healing wound, ulcer, or bone
  • Patients who are diagnosed of any other malignancy except non-melanomatous skin cancer in the past 5 years
  • Patients receiving anticoagulation therapy (e.g. Coumadin) prior to registration

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00598858

Sponsors and Collaborators
John P. Fruehauf
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Principal Investigator: John P. Fruehauf, MD, PhD University of California, Irvine

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Responsible Party: John P. Fruehauf, Dr. John P. Fruehauf, University of California, Irvine Identifier: NCT00598858     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: UCI 07-14
2007-5904 ( Other Identifier: University of California, Irvine )
NCI-2012-02085 ( Other Identifier: NCI Clinical Trials Reporting Program (CTRP) )
First Posted: January 23, 2008    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: December 8, 2016
Last Verified: April 2013
Keywords provided by John P. Fruehauf, University of California, Irvine:
prostate cancer
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Prostatic Neoplasms
Genital Neoplasms, Male
Urogenital Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Genital Diseases, Male
Prostatic Diseases
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Antineoplastic Agents
Tubulin Modulators
Antimitotic Agents
Mitosis Modulators
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Anti-Inflammatory Agents
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antineoplastic Agents, Hormonal