Innate Immunity and Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV) Infection in Children (IIRI)

This study has been completed.
Information provided by:
University of Wisconsin, Madison Identifier:
First received: January 3, 2008
Last updated: July 20, 2010
Last verified: July 2010

In this project we will study the capacity for single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) in TLR4 gene to induce varying levels of inflammatory chemokine and cytokine production.

Respiratory Syncytial Virus Infection

Study Type: Observational
Study Design: Observational Model: Case Control
Time Perspective: Prospective
Official Title: Innate Immunity and RSV Infection in Children

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by University of Wisconsin, Madison:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Nasal Interferon (IFN)-a2 [ Time Frame: 1-5 days during acute illness (not after day 5 of illness) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Interferon a2 was measured from nasal lavage samples by Luminex multiplex assay.

  • Percentage of Participants With Detected Nasal Interferon (IL)-2 Cytokine Expression [ Time Frame: 1-5 days during acute illness (not after day 5 of illness) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    IL-2 measured from nasal lavage samples by Luminex multiplex assay

Biospecimen Retention:   Samples With DNA

Nasal samples Supernatant from Peripheral mononuclear cell stimulation cultures DNA

Enrollment: 91
Study Start Date: November 2003
Study Completion Date: June 2008
Primary Completion Date: May 2008 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Toll-like Receptor 4 -2026/GG Genotype
Toll-like Receptor 4 (TLR4) -2026/GG Genotype of interest hypothesized to be associated with less inflammation during Respiratory Syncytial virus (RSV) infection
Toll-like Receptor 4 -2026/AG and AA Genotypes
Toll-like Receptor 4 (TLR4) -2026/AG and AA control genotypes hypothesized to be associated with more inflammation during respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection

Detailed Description:

Infection with RSV is the most common cause of respiratory tract illnesses (LRIs) in the first 3 years of life. There are significant social and health care costs associated with RSV-LRIs. More than 3% of US children are hospitalized each year due to RSV and 500 die annually. Several longitudinal studies have also suggested that children who have RSV-LRIs are at substantially increased risk of developing asthma in the first 3 years after infection and bronchial hyperresponsiveness (BHR) many years after the primary infection. Mechanisms involved in RSV disease are not well understood. Recent reports suggest that RSV may initiate the innate immune response through the pattern recognition receptor, Toll like receptor-4 (TLR4). In this project we will study the capacity for single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) in TLR4 gene to induce varying levels of inflammatory chemokine and cytokine production. It has been suggested that such a mechanism may result in altered immune responses to RSV infection and different clinical outcomes. This research has direct application to improving our understanding of bronchiolitis in early childhood, particularly those factors that influence severity of the disease, and may have implications for possible therapy of patients with bronchiolitis in the future.


Ages Eligible for Study:   up to 24 Months
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Sampling Method:   Probability Sample
Study Population

Children who present with viral upper respiratory infections or bronchiolitis to their primary care physician. Upon consent, children willl have cheek samples for genotyping and nasal secretion samples to determine RSV infection.


Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Parental or sibling history of asthma.
  2. Child must be less than 24 months of age.
  3. Presence of viral upper or lower respiratory tract symptoms.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. History of recurrent wheezing requiring systemic corticosteroids.
  2. Prior history of lung disease.
  3. Birth < 36 weeks gestation.
  4. Immunodeficiency
  5. Treatment with ribavirin, systemic or inhaled corticosteroids during the RSV infection.
  6. Congenital heart disease.
  7. No history of parental or sibling asthma.
  8. Less than 48 hour or more than 5 day duration of viral URI symptoms since the peak symptoms from RSV would be expected to occur from 2-5 days into course of infection.
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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00593918

United States, Wisconsin
University of Wisconsin-Madison
Madison, Wisconsin, United States, 53792-9988
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Wisconsin, Madison
Principal Investigator: Theresa W. Guilbert, MD University of Wisconsin, Madison
  More Information

Additional Information:
No publications provided

Responsible Party: Theresa Guilbert, MD, University of Wisconsin-Madison Identifier: NCT00593918     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 7K08HL071742-05
Study First Received: January 3, 2008
Results First Received: June 19, 2009
Last Updated: July 20, 2010
Health Authority: United States: Institutional Review Board

Keywords provided by University of Wisconsin, Madison:
RSV, asthma, innate immunity, gene, cytokines

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Respiratory Syncytial Virus Infections
Virus Diseases
Mononegavirales Infections
Paramyxoviridae Infections
Pneumovirus Infections
RNA Virus Infections processed this record on October 13, 2015