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The Gaps-in-Noise Test: Gap Detection Thresholds in Normal-Hearing Young Adults

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00593788
First Posted: January 15, 2008
Last Update Posted: January 15, 2008
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
Information provided by:
University of Sao Paulo
  Purpose
The aim of this study was to establish parameters for the Gaps-in-Noise test in normal-hearing young adults. One hundred subjects (50 males and 50 females) received an audiological evaluation to rule out hearing loss and auditory processing disorder. The Gaps-in-Noise test was then conducted on all subjects. The mean gap detection threshold was 4.19 msec. A psychometric function by gap duration was constructed, revealing that the percentage of correct responses was less than or equal to 5% for a gap duration of 2 msec, 10-30% for a gap duration of 3 msec, 60-70% for a gap duration of 4 msec, and over 96% for gap durations of 5 msec or longer. The results suggest that the data obtained can be applied as reference values for future testing. In the subjects evaluated, the Gaps-in-Noise test proved to be consistent with low variability.

Condition
Auditory Perception Psychoacoustics

Study Type: Observational
Study Design: Observational Model: Case-Only
Time Perspective: Prospective
Official Title: The Gaps-in-Noise Test: Gap Detection Thresholds in Normal-Hearing Young Adults

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by University of Sao Paulo:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • gap detection test [ Time Frame: half hour ]

Enrollment: 100
Study Start Date: March 2003
Study Completion Date: June 2004
Primary Completion Date: June 2004 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Groups/Cohorts
1
Normal-hearing adults between 18 and 31 years of age.

  Eligibility

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 31 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Sampling Method:   Non-Probability Sample
Study Population
Normal-hearing adults between 18 and 31 years of age were evaluated, including 50 males (mean age 24.72 years) and 50 females (mean age 23.77 years). The youngest male subject was 18 years old, and the youngest female subject was 18.16 years old. In contrast, the oldest male subject was 31.5 years old, and the oldest female subject was 31.83 years old. All of the participants in the study were students or employees of the University of Guarulhos.
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

Subject inclusion criteria were:

  • all of the subjects have to have auditory thresholds lower than 20 dB HL at all of the frequencies evaluated (octave frequencies between 0.25 to 8 kHz), bilaterally;
  • type A tympanometric curves with presented ipsilateral and contralateral acoustic reflexes;
  • 95% or higher correct responses for each ear in the dichotic digit test.

Subject inclusion criteria also included negative histories for audiologic, otologic, head trauma, and neurologic involvement.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Hearing loss;
  • Auditory processing disorder;
  • Histories of audiologic, otologic, head trauma, and neurologic involvement.
  Contacts and Locations
Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00593788


Locations
Brazil
University of Sao Paulo
Sao Paulo, Brazil
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Sao Paulo
Investigators
Principal Investigator: alessandra G. Samelli, Doctor Guarulhos University
  More Information

Responsible Party: Samelli, Alessandra Giannella, University of Sao Paulo
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00593788     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 113 / 02
113/02 de 03/13/2002
First Submitted: January 3, 2008
First Posted: January 15, 2008
Last Update Posted: January 15, 2008
Last Verified: January 2008

Keywords provided by University of Sao Paulo:
GIN test
gap detection
temporal resolution
auditory perception
psychoacoustics