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Treatment of Language and Memory in Patients With Alzheimer's Disease

This study has been completed.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of Arkansas Identifier:
First received: January 2, 2008
Last updated: November 17, 2016
Last verified: November 2016
The purpose of this study is to collect data on the effects of behavioral interventions for memory and communication deficits in persons taking cholinesterase inhibitors compared with the effects of cholinesterase inhibitors alone. Initial testing will include a written case history, tests of communication skills, and interviews with the participants, family, and staff caregivers to help select potential goals for treatment. Participants will be randomly selected to participate in Group A (control) or Group B (intervention). Group A will use a Caregiver Checklist for eight weeks to identify any increase or decrease in the occurrence of the identified communication deficits. Group B will have 16 treatment sessions by a Speech Language Pathologist during the eight-week period. A post test will be administered to all participants.

Condition Intervention Phase
Alzheimer Disease Behavioral: Spaced Retrieval Training Phase 1

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Treatment of Language and Memory in Patients With Alzheimer's Disease: A Comparison Between Drug Therapy and Drug Therapy Plus Behavioral Intervention

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by University of Arkansas:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Number of Successful Memory Tasks Completed Over Study Period. [ Time Frame: 8 weeks ]
    Successful memory tasks are those memory tasks (such as "where do I keep my keys") that participants are able to consistently respond to.

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Change on Mini-Mental State Examination [ Time Frame: End of Study ]

Enrollment: 11
Study Start Date: August 2003
Study Completion Date: April 2010
Primary Completion Date: April 2010 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: I
Drug Plus Behavioral Therapy
Behavioral: Spaced Retrieval Training
Increasing time to remember important information.
No Intervention: II
Drug Therapy Only

Detailed Description:
Patients with dementia suffer from a variety of cognitive-linguistic deficits, including attention, orientation, memory, anomia, and pragmatics. Behavioral treatment of these deficits falls within the domain of speech-language pathology. While no efficacy studies have emerged to demonstrate the benefit of speech-language therapy for individuals who suffer Alzheimer's disease (AD), data are emerging which support the positive effects of memory and communication intervention in this population. Phase I and Phase II investigations are beginning to provide evidence that such intervention should focus on the development of innovative strategies to help patients compensate for the disabilities resulting from the disease rather than on traditional rehabilitation of impairment. The benefits of cholinesterase inhibitors for improving cognitive function in persons with AD have been demonstrated, and data continue to emerge on specific drugs and specific changes in cognitive processes. The purpose of the proposed investigation would be to collect pilot data on the effects of behavioral intervention for memory and communication deficits in conjunction with cholinesterase inhibitors, as compared with the effects of cholinesterase inhibitors used in isolation. Participants will be individuals with AD who are recruited from the Alzheimer's Disease Center at The University of Arkasas for Medical Sciences Medical Center. All participants will be taking cholinesterase inhibitors, and half of all participants will be randomly selected to receive intervention by a speech-language pathologist. Intervention will consist of 16 treatment sessions (one hour each) over a two month period and will focus on strategies for enhancing memory and functional communication.

Ages Eligible for Study:   21 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Alzheimer's Disease (middle stage)

Exclusion Criteria:

  Contacts and Locations
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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00593372

United States, Arkansas
UAMS Medical Center
Little Rock, Arkansas, United States, 72035
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Arkansas
Principal Investigator: Gary H McCullough, Ph.D. University of Arkansas
  More Information

Responsible Party: University of Arkansas Identifier: NCT00593372     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: g1-10532-03-07
Study First Received: January 2, 2008
Results First Received: April 27, 2010
Last Updated: November 17, 2016

Keywords provided by University of Arkansas:
Alzheimer's Disease

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Alzheimer Disease
Brain Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Neurodegenerative Diseases
Neurocognitive Disorders
Mental Disorders processed this record on August 17, 2017