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Pilot Study to Assess the Proteome in Human Atrial Tissue

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00591903
First Posted: January 11, 2008
Last Update Posted: July 2, 2017
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
Information provided by:
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)
  Purpose

The concept of diabetic cardiomyopathy was initially defined more than 30 years ago, as cardiac failure in diabetic subjects in the absence of underlying coronary artery disease. Diabetes is also thought to contribute to earlier stage cardiac systolic dysfunction and/or to isolated diastolic dysfunction, in excess of underlying coronary artery disease and hypertension. More globally, it is recognized that subjects with type 2 diabetes have more extensive cardiovascular disease and a worse outcome for a similar level of disease than non-diabetic subjects. Despite this epidemiological evidence, the biological programming underpinning the myriad presentations of the diabetic heart' are poorly characterized in humans.

Proteomics has emerged as an unbiased technology that enables the measurement of large numbers of steady-state protein levels. The potential to identify a diabetes associated proteomic signature in the heart would be a novel approach to identify putative biological programs altered by the diabetic state.

A portion of the right atrial appendage is removed to insert the cardiac bypass machine cannula in certain cardiothoracic procedures. This tissue is usually discarded, however, we propose that it could be employed to examine whether otherwise similar subjects with and without diabetes have distinct atrial proteomic signatures. This pilot study may provide insight into potential biological pathways that orchestrate the worse cardiac prognosis in type 2 diabetic versus non diabetic control subjects.


Condition
Diabetes Cardiomyopathy

Study Type: Observational
Study Design: Time Perspective: Prospective
Official Title: Pilot Study to Assess the Proteome in Human Atrial Tissue

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):

Estimated Enrollment: 600
Study Start Date: December 14, 2007
Estimated Study Completion Date: September 23, 2011
Detailed Description:

The concept of diabetic cardiomyopathy was initially defined more than 30 years ago, as cardiac failure in diabetic subjects in the absence of underlying coronary artery disease. Diabetes is also thought to contribute to earlier stage cardiac systolic dysfunction and/or to isolated diastolic dysfunction, in excess of underlying coronary artery disease and hypertension. More globally, it is recognized that subjects with type 2 diabetes have more extensive cardiovascular disease and a worse outcome for a similar level of disease than non-diabetic subjects. Despite this epidemiological evidence, the biological programming underpinning the myriad presentations of the diabetic heart' are poorly characterized in humans.

Proteomics has emerged as an unbiased technology that enables the measurement of large numbers of steady-state protein levels. The potential to identify a diabetes associated proteomic signature in the heart would be a novel approach to identify putative biological programs altered by the diabetic state.

A portion of the right atrial appendage is removed to insert the cardiac bypass machine cannula in certain cardiothoracic procedures. This tissue is usually discarded, however, we propose that it could be employed to examine whether otherwise similar subjects with and without diabetes have distinct atrial proteomic signatures. This pilot study may provide insight into potential biological pathways that orchestrate the worse cardiac prognosis in type 2 diabetic versus non diabetic control subjects.

  Eligibility

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 80 Years   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria
  • INCLUSION CRITERIA:

Subjects must be 18-80 years of age.

Subjects must provide informed, written consent to donate tissue that would otherwise be discarded post-cardiac surgery.

Subjects undergoing elective coronary artery bypass surgery and or aortic valve replacement surgery.

EXCLUSION CRITERIA:

Subjects in atrial fibrillation or having a history of atrial fibrillation in the 2 weeks period prior to surgery.

Use of intravenous anti-arrhythmic therapy.

Subjects unable to give informed consent.

Subjects with a fasting glucose of greater than 110 mg/dl that have not been defined as diabetic.

  Contacts and Locations
Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00591903


Locations
United States, Maryland
Suburban Hospital
Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20814
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
  More Information

Publications:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00591903     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 999908037
08-H-N037
First Submitted: December 21, 2007
First Posted: January 11, 2008
Last Update Posted: July 2, 2017
Last Verified: September 23, 2011

Keywords provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):
Diabetes and Cardiac Proteomics
Atrial Appendage and Proteomics
Diabetic Cardiomyopathy
Tissue Sample

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Cardiomyopathies
Heart Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases