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An 8 Week Open-Label Study to Evaluate the Efficacy and Safety of Acamprosate Calcium (Campral) as Augmentation Therapy in Patients With Anxiety Symptoms Who Are Only Partial Responders to SSRI or SNRI Antidepressants

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00591565
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : January 11, 2008
Results First Posted : December 18, 2014
Last Update Posted : December 18, 2014
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Forest Laboratories
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Thomas L. Schwartz, M.D., State University of New York - Upstate Medical University

Brief Summary:
This study is designed to evaluate anxious patients who are only partially responsive to typical SSRI or SNRI anti-anxiety medication therapy. Patients who are less than 50% anxiety-alleviated on their SSRI medication will be asked to join the study and be placed on Acamprosate as well. This type of add-on therapy is common in outpatient psychiatric care. This is a rater-blinded, patient open-label, non-placebo prospective study, where all subjects will receive Acamprosate for 8 weeks. This study would be the first to date in this treatment-resistant patient population, as the investigators will utilize the a comprehensive set of rating scales in order to best categorize patient responses in regards to anxiety, co-occurring depression, sleep disorders, alcohol use, and social functioning with this drug. This study may be pivotal to the initiation of future double-blind, placebo-controlled studies for this agent

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Anxiety Drug: Acamprosate Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

Acamprosate is felt to restore the normal glutamate-GABA balance in the human brain. (Glutamate is a stimulating chemical in the brain, while GABA is an inhibitory chemical in the brain.) This GABA-glutamate balance is felt to play a role in the development of anxiety. Low GABA and high glutamate levels (similar to the state of alcohol withdrawal) are implicated. Symptoms of anxiety may include worry, sweating, nausea, palpitation, tremor, again comparable to that of alcohol withdrawal. Sometimes, GABA-promoting sedative drugs, such as diazepam (Valium) are used to raise GABA activity to ward of anxiety symptoms in the non-alcoholic patient. GABA sedatives are also used to treat alcohol withdrawal to restore balance over the short term. Given the similar glutamate-GABA imbalance in anxiety states and (post)-alcohol withdrawal states, Acamprosate may be a likely candidate to treat anxiety. Acamprosate is now FDA approved to prolong sobriety and decrease alcohol consumption.

The usual initial treatment for anxiety is to use a serotonin neurotransmitter enhancing drug, such as fluoxetine (Prozac). These 'SSRI' drugs, unlike the sedatives noted above, do not have addiction potential and are safer to use. In addition serotonin-norepinephrine facilitating drugs are also used (SNRIs) as alternatives. In the anxiety disorder population, only 30-70% of patient achieve full relief of anxiety symptoms when placed on SSRI monotherapy. The usual second-line choice to promote full anxiety symptom remission is to add a GABA-sedative to the serotonergic SSRI. The authors feel that Acamprosate, given its ability to manipulate the GABA-glutamate balance without major side effects, nor addiction, may be a reasonable add-on or augmentation strategy to better alleviate anxiety in SSRI partial responders.

This study is designed to evaluate anxious patients who are only partially responsive to typical SSRI or SNRI anti-anxiety medication therapy. Patients who are less than 50% anxiety-alleviated on their SSRI medication will be asked to join the study and be placed on Acamprosate as well. This type of add-on therapy is common in outpatient psychiatric care. This is a rater-blinded, patient open-label, non-placebo prospective study, where all subjects will receive Acamprosate for 8 weeks. This study would be the first to date in this treatment-resistant patient population, as the investigators will utilize the a comprehensive set of rating scales in order to best categorize patient responses in regards to anxiety, co-occurring depression, sleep disorders, alcohol use, and social functioning with this drug. This study may be pivotal to the initiation of future double-blind, placebo-controlled studies for this agent

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 13 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: An 8 Week Open-Label Study to Evaluate the Efficacy and Safety of Acamprosate Calcium (Campral) as Augmentation Therapy in Patients With Anxiety Symptoms Who Are Only Partial Responders to SSRI or SNRI Antidepressants
Study Start Date : June 2006
Actual Primary Completion Date : December 2009
Actual Study Completion Date : December 2009

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Anxiety

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: 1
acamprosate tablets
Drug: Acamprosate
acamprosate 333mg tab, 3 by mouth 3 times a day




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change From Baseline at 8 Weeks in the HAM-A Scale [ Time Frame: baseline and 8wk ]
    this is a validated clinician administered scale that can range from 0-44 (mild to severe illness).



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 64 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Written informed consent is obtained.
  2. The patient is English-speaking and 18 through 64 years of age inclusive.
  3. The patient meets the DSM-IV criteria for anxiety disorder as determined by the MINI and psychiatric evaluation. These include: Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), General Anxiety Disorder (GAD), Social Anxiety, and Panic Disorder.
  4. The patient is currently taking a monotherapy SSRI for ≥ 6 weeks and on a stable, adequate therapeutic for ≥ 4 weeks and remains anxiety symptomatic
  5. The patient has a total score of at least 16 on the HAM-A scale
  6. The patient has a score of at least 7 on the HADS anxiety subscale score at the screening and baseline visits.
  7. The patient has a CGI-S rating of 4 or higher at screening
  8. The patient is in good health as determined by a medical and psychiatric history, medical examination, and cannot have major medical illness that would jeopardize patient health during the study.
  9. Women must be of nonchildbearing potential [i.e., postmenopausal, be surgically sterile (hysterectomy or tubal ligation)] or must meet all of the following conditions: using a reliable, medically accepted form of contraception for at least 60 days before the baseline visit, and agree to continue such use throughout the duration of the study and for 30 days after the final dose of study drug. Reliable forms of contraception include oral, implanted, or injected contraceptives; intrauterine devices in place for at least 3 months; and adequate barrier methods in conjunction with spermicide (abstinence is considered an acceptable contraceptive regimen). Women must be given a pregnancy test (ßHCG), unless they are at least 2 years postmenopausal or surgically sterile, and the results of the test must be negative.
  10. The patient must be willing and able to comply with study restrictions and to remain at the clinic for the required duration during the study period, and willing to return to the clinic for the follow-up evaluation as specified in this protocol.

Exclusion Criteria:

Patients are excluded from participating in this study if 1 or more of the following criteria are met:

  1. The patient is on more than one antidepressant or takes a standing sedative anxiolytic
  2. The patient has a substance misuse disorder (including alcohol, caffeine, but not nicotine)
  3. The patient is a significant risk of suicide
  4. The patient has recently started psychotherapy or counseling (within last 6 weeks)
  5. The patient has other psychiatric Axis-I disorders as a principal diagnosis (except anxiety) within 6 months of screening and baseline visits; any history of OCD, psychotic disorder, bipolar disorder, or eating disorder, mental retardation, or clear personality disorder. Patient may have a co-morbid substance misuse, depressive or anxiety disorder if it has been in remission for at least 6 months prior to screening visit.
  6. The patient has previously participated in any clinical study with acamprosate or treated with acamprosate.
  7. The patient has used an investigational drug within 1 month before the screening visit or is participating in a concurrent clinical trial.
  8. The patient has any disorder that may interfere with drug absorption, distribution, metabolism, or excretion (including gastrointestinal surgery).
  9. The patient is unlikely to comply with the study protocol, be unreliable in providing ratings, or is unsuitable for any reason, as judged by the investigator.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00591565


Locations
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United States, New York
SUNY Upstate Medical University Psychiatry Dept.
Syracuse, New York, United States, 13210
Sponsors and Collaborators
State University of New York - Upstate Medical University
Forest Laboratories
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Thomas L. Schwartz, MD State University of New York - Upstate Medical University
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Responsible Party: Thomas L. Schwartz, M.D., Assoc Professor, State University of New York - Upstate Medical University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00591565    
Other Study ID Numbers: CMP-MD-15
First Posted: January 11, 2008    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: December 18, 2014
Last Update Posted: December 18, 2014
Last Verified: December 2014
Keywords provided by Thomas L. Schwartz, M.D., State University of New York - Upstate Medical University:
Anxiety
SSRI
SNRI
Acamprosate
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Anxiety Disorders
Mental Disorders
Acamprosate
Alcohol Deterrents