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Oral Budesonide in the Treatment of Patients With Primary Biliary Cirrhosis and Overlap Features of Autoimmune Hepatitis (PBC)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00587119
Recruitment Status : Withdrawn (Lack of enrollment)
First Posted : January 7, 2008
Last Update Posted : October 5, 2010
Information provided by:
Mayo Clinic

Brief Summary:
The purpose of the study is to find out the effects Budesonide, 9 mg daily for one year, has on patients with Primary Biliary Cirrhosis with features of autoimmune hepatitis.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Primary Biliary Cirrhosis Autoimmune Hepatitis Drug: Budesonide Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

Pilot Study of Budesonide for Primary Biliary Cirrhosis with overlap features of Autoimmune Hepatitis Primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC) is a chronic liver disease of unknown cause that may result in inflammation and destruction of the bile ducts inside the liver. Over time, cirrhosis and complications of liver failure may develop. Although treatment with ursodiol has been association with a reduction in liver enzymes (blood tests) and a reduction in the progression of the disease, some patients do not respond to ursodiol therapy. Patients with overlap features of Autoimmune Hepatitis (AIH) appear to be at higher risk of developing complications of disease even when on ursodiol. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effects and safety of Budesonide in PBC with overlap features of AIH. Budesonide has unique effects on the immune system that may be helpful in the treatment of the disease.

Eligible participants will include those patients with a diagnosis of PBC with overlap features of AIH and in whom liver enzymes have not sufficiently improved with ursodiol therapy (the alkaline phosphatase is not less than twice upper normal). At entry all patients will have a history and physical examination, blood tests, bone densitometry and complete quality of life questionnaires. Patients will be prescribed Budesonide 9 mg to take daily for one year in addition to the ursodiol. The medication can be taken with or without food. Blood tests and symptoms diaries will be completed every 3 months. Patients will be contacted by phone to assess tolerance of the medication and any new health problems. At one year, patients will return for a history and physical and repeat blood tests and bone densitometry. Possible side-effects include bone mass loss (bone thinning), diarrhea, indigestion, nausea, joint pains, dizziness, headaches, weight gain and Cushing's syndrome. Other side-effects are possible. The medication and the tests will be billed to the patient or patient's insurance.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 0 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Open-Label Pilot Study Evaluating Oral Budesonide in the Treatment of Patients With Primary Biliary Cirrhosis and Overlap Features of Autoimmune Hepatitis.
Study Start Date : December 2007
Actual Primary Completion Date : July 2009
Estimated Study Completion Date : July 2009

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: 1
Single arm, active treatment
Drug: Budesonide
Oral Budesonide, 3 mg three times daily, will be given for 1 year.
Other Name: Entocort

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. The main endpoint will be the percentage of patients with improvement in alkaline phosphatase to less than 1.5 times normal over one year and the percentage of patients with a reduction in their Mayo Risk Score over one year. [ Time Frame: 1 year ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Effects of UDCA & budesonide on serum levels of alk phos, AST, total bilirubin, albumin, and prothrombin time, Mayo risk score and toxicity and tolerability of the budesonide/UDCA regimen, including effects on bone density. [ Time Frame: 1 year ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   21 Years to 75 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Chronic cholestatic liver disease for greater than 6 months with alkaline phosphatase levels greater than 2 times the upper limit of normal.
  • Positive AMA titer 1:40 or AMA > 1.0 U.
  • Liver histology in the past (available for review) with features consistent with or diagnostic of PBC
  • Ultrasound, computed tomography (CT), or cholangiography of the biliary tree which excludes biliary obstruction.
  • The diagnosis of AIH necessary for evaluation of PBC-AIH overlap syndrome will be based on the revised International Autoimmune Hepatitis Group (IAHG) Scoring System.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients with other serious coexistent conditions such as pre-existing advanced malignancy or severe cardiopulmonary disease which would be expected to limit their expectancy to less than three years.
  • Patients unable to provide informed consent.
  • Treatment with methotrexate, corticosteroids, azathioprine, chlorambucil, cyclosporin, penicillamine, colchicine or chenodeoxycholic acid in the preceding three months.
  • Anticipated need for transplantation in one year (Mayo survival model <80% one-year survival without transplant).
  • Liver biopsy revealing stage IV disease.
  • Evidence of portal hypertension such as esophageal varices, portal gastropathy, ascites or hepatic encephalopathy.
  • Known history of portal vein thrombosis.
  • Evidence of osteoporosis.
  • Serum bilirubin >4 mg/dl.
  • Age less than 21 years of age or greater than 75 years of age.
  • Pregnancy.
  • Breast-feeding.
  • Active drug or alcohol use.
  • Findings highly suggestive of liver disease of other etiology such as chronic alcoholic liver disease, chronic hepatitis B or C infection, hemochromatosis, Wilson's disease, 1-antitrypsin deficiency, non-alcoholic steatohepatitis or sclerosing cholangitis.
  • Serum creatinine over 2.0 mg/dl.
  • History of documented active peptic ulcer disease in preceding year.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00587119

Sponsors and Collaborators
Mayo Clinic
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Principal Investigator: Keith D Lindor, MD Mayo Clinic
Additional Information:
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Responsible Party: Dr. Keith D. Lindor / PI, Mayo Clinic Rochester Identifier: NCT00587119    
Other Study ID Numbers: 07-003586
First Posted: January 7, 2008    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: October 5, 2010
Last Verified: October 2010
Keywords provided by Mayo Clinic:
overlap AIH
PBC with overlap features of autoimmune hepatitis
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Hepatitis A
Liver Cirrhosis
Liver Cirrhosis, Biliary
Hepatitis, Autoimmune
Liver Diseases
Digestive System Diseases
Hepatitis, Viral, Human
Virus Diseases
Enterovirus Infections
Picornaviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Pathologic Processes
Cholestasis, Intrahepatic
Bile Duct Diseases
Biliary Tract Diseases
Hepatitis, Chronic
Autoimmune Diseases
Immune System Diseases
Anti-Inflammatory Agents
Bronchodilator Agents
Autonomic Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Anti-Asthmatic Agents
Respiratory System Agents