The Autonomic Nervous System and the Metabolic Syndrome

This study has been completed.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Italo Biaggioni, Vanderbilt University Identifier:
First received: December 20, 2007
Last updated: May 29, 2015
Last verified: May 2015
The overall goal of this proposal is to determine the role of the autonomic nervous system in the insulin resistant state associated with obesity and the metabolic syndrome. Obesity results from an accumulation of excessive fat deposit due to increase caloric intake or decrease energy expenditure, this condition is usually associated with diseases such as hypertension or diabetes, a cluster known as the metabolic syndrome. The first step in the development of the metabolic syndrome is a resistance to the action of insulin. The mechanism underlying insulin resistance in obesity is still unknown, however some investigators have proposed that the autonomic nervous system, particularly the increase sympathetic activation in obesity may play an important role. We have extensive experience studying the role of the autonomic nervous system in the cardiovascular alterations associated with obesity by producing complete autonomic withdrawal with a drug named trimethaphan. We propose to use the same approach to study the role of the autonomic nervous system in the development of insulin resistance in obesity.

Condition Intervention
Drug: Blocked
Drug: Intact

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single Blind (Subject)
Official Title: The Autonomic Nervous System and the Metabolic Syndrome

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by Vanderbilt University:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Insulin Resistance [ Time Frame: Duration of the intervention ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Glucose infusion rate in mg/kg/min

Enrollment: 21
Study Start Date: August 2008
Study Completion Date: May 2015
Primary Completion Date: May 2015 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Blocked
Active treatment arm. Transient autonomic blockade with Trimethaphan and blood pressure restoration with L-NMMA will be used during insulin clamp
Drug: Blocked
Trimethaphan 4 mg/min IV will be infused for the duration of the study. L-NMMA 125-500 mcg/k/min IV will be titrated to restore blood pressure to pre-trimethaphan levels Insulin clamp will be used to determine insulin resistance
Other Name: Trimethaphan
Placebo Comparator: Intact
Saline will be used instead of trimethaphan during insulin clamp
Drug: Intact
Saline IV infusion to simulate trimethaphan infusion in active arm Insulin clamp will be done to determine insulin resistance
Other Name: Saline

Detailed Description:

The purpose of this study is to look at the role of the autonomic nervous system, an involuntary nervous system that controls your blood pressure, in insulin resistance and the metabolic syndrome. Insulin is a substance that helps your body use the sugar in the food that you eat. Some people's tissues stop reacting in a normal way to insulin, a condition known as insulin resistance. A person with insulin resistance can have other health problems, such as obesity, high cholesterol, and high blood pressure. These problems together are called the metabolic syndrome. We think that the autonomic or involuntary nervous system controls the way your body responds to insulin. This system is changed in obese people, and we think that it may cause the insulin resistance. We plan to study this with two drugs -trimethaphan and L-NMMA. Neither of these drugs are approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), and they will be used for research purposes only.

Fifty people will take part in this study.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 60 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes

Inclusion Criteria:

  • For lean subjects:
  • 21 subjects aged 18-60 yr.
  • All potential volunteers will have routine blood test to screen for hepatic, renal, and hematological abnormalities.
  • Body mass index < 25Kg/m2 .
  • Female volunteers of childbearing potential will undergo HCG pregnancy test at screening and again on the study day.
  • For Obese subjects with metabolic syndrome:
  • 21 subjects aged 18-60 yr.
  • All potential volunteers will have routine blood test to screen for hepatic, renal, and hematological abnormalities.
  • Body mass index > 30Kg/m2.
  • Participants will be enrolled if they met at least three of the following criteria for metabolic syndrome (Expert panel, Jama 2001):

    1. Waist circumference >102 cm in men and >88 cm in women
    2. High fasting blood sugar (>110 mg%)
    3. Triglyceride levels >150 mg%
    4. Low HDL cholesterol (<40 mg% for men; <50 mg% for women)
    5. High blood pressure (systolic=130 and diastolic = 85 mmHg) • Female volunteers of childbearing potential will undergo serum HCG pregnancy test at screening and urine HCG pregnancy test again on the study day.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Pregnant females
  • Subjects unable to give voluntary informed consent
  • Subjects on anticoagulant drugs or anemic (anemia defined as Hcto less than 35%)
  • Subjects with a recent medical illness documented by physicians's visit or detected during the screening visit.
  • Subjects with a history of coronary heart disease.
  • Subjects with known kidney or liver disease.
  • Subjects with recent weight loss or consuming low carbohydrate diet.
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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00580957

United States, Tennessee
Vanderbilt University Medical Center
Nashville, Tennessee, United States, 37232
Sponsors and Collaborators
Vanderbilt University
Principal Investigator: Italo Biaggioni, M.D. Vanderbilt University
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: Italo Biaggioni, Professor of Medicine and Pharmacology, Vanderbilt University Identifier: NCT00580957     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 060085  CRC-1522 
Study First Received: December 20, 2007
Results First Received: May 29, 2015
Last Updated: May 29, 2015
Health Authority: United States: Institutional Review Board

Keywords provided by Vanderbilt University:
Autonomic Nervous System

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Metabolic Syndrome X
Glucose Metabolism Disorders
Insulin Resistance
Metabolic Diseases
Trimethaphan camsylate
Adjuvants, Anesthesia
Antihypertensive Agents
Autonomic Agents
Cardiovascular Agents
Central Nervous System Agents
Cholinergic Agents
Cholinergic Antagonists
Ganglionic Blockers
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Neurotransmitter Agents
Nicotinic Antagonists
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Pharmacologic Actions
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Therapeutic Uses
Vasodilator Agents processed this record on February 09, 2016