Autonomic Nervous System and Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS&ANS)
|Chronic Fatigue Syndrome Orthostatic Intolerance Postural Tachycardia Syndrome||Other: Autonomic Function Testing Other: Saline infusions Drug: L-NMMA trimethaphan Drug: methyldopa||Phase 1|
|Study Design:||Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
|Official Title:||Autonomic Nervous System and Chronic Fatigue Syndrome|
- Heart rate [ Time Frame: Duration of the intervention ]
- Blood Pressure [ Time Frame: Duration of the intervention ]
|Study Start Date:||April 2007|
|Study Completion Date:||January 2017|
|Primary Completion Date:||January 2017 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Experimental: 1 (markers of sympathetic activity)
To evaluate if the various indices of sympathetic activity (Autonomic Function Testing) differ between patients with chronic fatigue syndrome and postural tachycardia syndrome (CFS-P), and CFS without POTS.
Other: Autonomic Function Testing
The autonomic function tests include asking the subject to breathe deeply for two minutes and breathing as fast and as hard as they can for 30 seconds, maintaining a handgrip for 3 minutes, breathing against pressure for 15 seconds, placing one hand in ice water for 1 minute and an orthostatic test. All these tests are meant to stimulate the autonomic nervous system to produce changes in blood pressure and heart rate of short duration that reflect how well the involuntary nervous system is working. In addition, a 24-hour blood pressure monitoring and exercise test may be also performed in some subjects.
Experimental: 2 (saline)
To test the null hypothesis that there is no difference between two saline therapies (pulse saline vs. sham saline) in improving both the fatigue score and postural tachycardia syndrome.Saline infusions
Other: Saline infusions
The effects of continuous IV infusion or pulse IV administration of saline in increasing total blood volume and fatigue score will be evaluated
Experimental: 3 (NO inhibition/ autonomic blockade)
Response to nitric oxide inhibition in the presence and absence of an intact autonomic nervous system will be evaluated. L-NMMA trimethaphan will be used for NO inhibition and autonomic blockade, respectively.
Drug: L-NMMA trimethaphan
Trimethaphan IV infusion for approximately 60 minutes at a dose of 4-6 mg/min L-NMMA IV infusion for approximately 45 minutes at 125, 250, and 500 mg/kg/min for 15 minutes each
Active Comparator: 4 (methyldopa)
The effects of chronic autonomic withdrawal on improving symptoms of chronic fatigue and postural tachycardia syndrome will be evaluated
Aldomet oral twice a day for 12 weeks
Other Name: Aldomet
In Specific Aim 1, the investigators will use state-of-the-art measurements of sympathetic activity (autonomic function tests, response to trimethaphan, direct nerve sympathetic traffic recordings with microneurography, plasma norepinephrine, and intraneuronal metabolites), inflammatory mediators (C-reactive protein, inflammatory cytokines), and oxidative stress (isoprostanes) in patients with CFS-P. It is important that appropriate control groups be included, and we will also study patients with CFS without orthostatic tachycardia, patients with POTS without CFS, and normal controls.
The investigators have documented abnormalities in volume regulation in POTS patients. Hypovolemia can contribute to sympathetic activation and, vice versa, sympathetic activation can contribute to hypovolemia. Interrupting this vicious circle with acute saline infusion is the most effective treatment to improve symptoms in POTS patients. Not surprisingly, many POTS patients followed by the investigators, and CFS patients followed by Dr. David Bell, are using saline pulse therapy as a way to alleviate symptoms. However, the efficacy and safety of this approach has not been proven. The investigators propose to validate this treatment in Specific Aim 2.
This group studies show that nitric oxide is arguably the most important metabolic factor involved in cardiovascular regulation. Abnormalities in nitric oxide have been proposed to contribute to CFS and POTS, but proving this has been challenging in part due to its interaction with the sympathetic nervous system. In Specific Aim 3, the investigators propose to investigate the importance of nitric oxide in CFS-P patients using an experimental approach developed in our laboratory to eliminate nitric oxide/autonomic interactions.
Finally, in Specific Aim 4, they propose a proof-of-concept study to test the hypothesis that sympathetic activation contributes to many of the abnormalities found in CFS patients. If our hypothesis is correct, inhibition of sympathetic tone will result in improvement of the abnormalities described in volume, inflammation, and oxidative stress. More importantly, it will result in symptomatic improvement in these patients. The investigators believe, therefore, that the studies proposed in this application will improve the understanding of the pathophysiology of CFS, and provide a rationale approach to the treatment of this disabling condition.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00580619
|United States, Tennessee|
|Vanderbilt University Medical Center|
|Nashville, Tennessee, United States, 37232|
|Principal Investigator:||Italo Biaggioni, MD||Vanderbilt University|