UARK 89-001 Phase II Study of Intensive "TOTAL THERAPY" For Untreated or Minimally Treated Patients With Multiple Myeloma

This study has been completed.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of Arkansas Identifier:
First received: December 18, 2007
Last updated: October 30, 2015
Last verified: October 2015
This experimental study evaluates the effects of a series of intensive drug regimens as initial treatment for Multiple Myeloma followed by 2 bone marrow transplantations 4─6 months apart in support of high─dose Melphalan, followed by Interferon treatment indefinitely.

Condition Intervention Phase
Multiple Myeloma
Drug: VAD
Drug: High-Dose cyclophosphamide
Procedure: Hemopoietic stem cell procurement
Drug: EDAP
Procedure: Autologous Hemopoietic Stem Cell Transplant 1
Procedure: Autologous Hemopoietic Stem Cell Transplant 2
Drug: Maintenance
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase II Study of Intensive "TOTAL THERAPY" for Untreated or Minimally Treated Patients With Multiple Myeloma

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by University of Arkansas:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Percentage of participants that are relapse-free 5 years after initial therapy [ Time Frame: 5 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

    Relapse is defined by the unequivocal objective evidence of recurrent disease such as:

    myeloma-related cytogenetic abnormalities; bone marrow plasmacytosis >10% or >5% light chain restricted, non-diploid, plasma cells on clg/DNA; new skeletal or MRI lesions; hypercalcemia not explained by any other cause; or reappearance of M-protein in blood or urine not related to immune recovery, recent infection, and present for >2 months.

Enrollment: 233
Study Start Date: August 2002
Study Completion Date: October 2015
Primary Completion Date: October 2015 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Study Treatment
Protocol therapy consists of a remission induction phase with mutually non-cross resistant combinations of vincristine, adriamycin, dexamethasone (VAD), high-dose cyclophosphamide with stem cell procurement and etoposide, dexamethasone, cytarabine, cisplatin (EDAP) followed by two courses of melphalan-based high-dose therapy supported by autologous stem cell transplants 4-6 months apart. Maintenance with interferon alpha will be administered until disease progression.
Drug: VAD
3 Cycles (3rd cycle optional): Vincristine 0.5 mg/d d 1 - 4 CI Adriamycin 10 mg/m2/d d 1 - 4 CI Dexamethasone 40 mg/d d 1-4, 9-12, 17-20
Drug: High-Dose cyclophosphamide

Approximately 5-6 weeks after VAD 2 or 3:

Cytoxan 1.2g/m2/d d 1 - 5 Mesna 3.6 g/m2 d 1

Procedure: Hemopoietic stem cell procurement
Collection target = 10 x 10^6 cells/kg
Drug: EDAP
Approximately 5-6 weeks after high-dose cyclophosphamide Etoposide 100 mg/m2/d d 1 - 4 CI Cisplatin 25 mg/m2/d d 1 - 4 CI Ara C l g/m2 d 5 Dexamethasone 40 mg d 1-5
Procedure: Autologous Hemopoietic Stem Cell Transplant 1
4-6 weeks after EDAP: Melphalan 100 mg/m2 days -1 and -2
Procedure: Autologous Hemopoietic Stem Cell Transplant 2
4-6 months after Transplant 1: Melphalan 100 mg/m2 days -1 and -2
Drug: Maintenance
3 months after Transplant 2: Intron A 3 X 10^6 units /m2 M-W-F subcutaneously until relapse


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Previously untreated patients with the diagnosis of multiple myeloma are eligible. Similarly, patients who have not had more than one cycle of standard chemotherapy or up to one month of interferon and/or glucocorticoids are eligible.
  • Patients must have objective evidence of, or be symptomatic from, complications due to myeloma (e.g., bone pain from fractures, weakness from anemia). Asymptomatic patients may be treated only if the diagnosis is confirmed and if there is evidence of increasing tumor mass (e.g., rising myeloma protein and/or increasing lytic lesions).
  • Asymptomatic patients with idiopathic monoclonal peaks, localized plasmacytomas, or indolent, asymptomatic myeloma are not eligible for this study. Any patient without documented increasing disease and/or clearly symptomatic disease is not eligible.
  • Measurable, direct manifestations of myeloma must be present, such as monoclonal serum or urine globulins. Plasma cell tumors must also be documented. Patients without protein criteria are eligible if bone marrow has > 30% plasmacytosis documented by bilateral bone marrow aspirations and biopsies.
  • Patients with all stages of multiple myeloma (I, II, III) are eligible. Necessary baseline studies must be obtained to determine the stage prior to registration.
  • Patients may have received local radiation to painful compression fractures or lytic bone lesions, provided that adequate autologous bone marrow can still be harvested. Patients presenting with clinical conditions requiring radiotherapy (e.g. spinal cord compression) may proceed with concurrent local radiation and VAD. Should compression fractures of known prestudy lytic lesions occur during later, more myelosuppressive phases of induction therapy, radiotherapy should be completed first prior to proceeding with high-dose cyclophosphamide, EDAP or melphalan.
  • Patients should be older than 15 years of age and may be up to 65 years old.
  • Pregnant females are excluded from study.
  • Eligibility criteria change with the progress through the different phases of the induction program towards the two cycles of marrow-ablative therapy. These are summarized in the eligibility checklist.
  • Briefly, prior to VAD, patients must have a normal cardiac ejection fraction of > 50% (on ECHO cardiography or MUGGA scan), and fairly normal liver function tests (bilirubin < 2 mg% and serum transaminase levels less than 2 x normal). Screening for viral hepatitis should be negative for acute or chronic active hepatitis. Positive antibody (anti-HAV, HBSAb) suggestive of remote exposure is acceptable. However, patients who test positive for Hepatitis C antibody (anti-HCV) or HIV are ineligible. Those with renal failure are eligible and should start VAD promptly and receive additional medical measures as needed. Patients presenting with infections upon presentation shall receive proper medical management prior to starting therapy. Patient's performance status is not a criterion for entry on the VAD portion of this program.
  • After 2 or 3 cycles of VAD, serum creatinine levels must be 2 mg% and carbon monoxide diffusion capacity 50%. Cardiac and liver function requirements as with VAD.
  • Not until reaching the high-dose melphalan stage of 70 mg/M2 will there be a requirement for Zubrod performance of 0 and 1 which must also be fulfilled with each of the 2 marrow-ablative doses of melphalan (200 mg/M2).

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Less than 10 x 108 cells/kg stored.
  • a granulocyte count of less than 1500/µl and a platelet count less than 150,000/µl.
  Contacts and Locations
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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00580372

United States, Arkansas
University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences/MIRT
Little Rock, Arkansas, United States, 72205
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Arkansas
Principal Investigator: Bart Barlogie, MD, PhD University of Arkansas
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: University of Arkansas Identifier: NCT00580372     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 01332
Study First Received: December 18, 2007
Last Updated: October 30, 2015
Health Authority: United States: Institutional Review Board

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Multiple Myeloma
Neoplasms, Plasma Cell
Blood Protein Disorders
Cardiovascular Diseases
Hematologic Diseases
Hemorrhagic Disorders
Hemostatic Disorders
Immune System Diseases
Immunoproliferative Disorders
Lymphoproliferative Disorders
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Vascular Diseases
Alkylating Agents
Antineoplastic Agents
Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating
Antirheumatic Agents
Immunologic Factors
Immunosuppressive Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Myeloablative Agonists
Pharmacologic Actions
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Therapeutic Uses processed this record on November 30, 2015