Behavioral Intervention For BMT/SCT Survivors (BMT/SCT)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00579917
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : December 24, 2007
Last Update Posted : January 7, 2009
Derald H. Ruttenberg Cancer Center
Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai
Hackensack University Medical Center
Information provided by:
Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study is to understand how to help survivors of bone marrow transplant and stem cell transplant (BMT/SCT) with emotional distress. BMT/SCT has become a more common type of treatment for cancer or hematological disorder (blood disease). For this reason, there is concern that adjustment after treatment may be difficult for many persons. We have found that about 25% of BMT/SCT survivors still feel anxious and distressed about their illness and its treatment after at least one year following transplant. This study is one of the first to study the impact of counseling on BMT/SCT survivors. The study is being carried out at Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, Mount Sinai Medical Center, and Hackensack University Medical Center.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment
Hodgkin's Disease Leukemia Multiple Myeloma Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma Behavioral: Cognitive Behavioral Therapy: Questionnaires Behavioral: Usual Care: Questionnaires

Detailed Description:

The use of bone marrow and stem cell transplantation (BMT/SCT) in the treatment of cancer has increased five-fold over the last decade. Among the cancers treated with BMT/SCT are Hodgkin's Lymphoma, non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma, multiple myeloma, and leukemias such as acute lymphoblastic (ALL), acute myelogenous (AML), chronic lymphocytic (CLL), and chronic myelogenous (CML). With the development of non-myeloablative transplants (either "mini" or reduced intensity transplants) for patients unable to tolerate standard BMT/SCT, the use of this procedure is expected to increase substantially over the next five years. BMT/SCT adversely affects almost every aspect of the patient's life (1;2). A standard (fully ablative) transplant involves conditioning with dose intensive chemotherapy, with or without total body irradiation.

Although various medical regimens and supportive psychosocial services are used to reduce the intensity of these side effects, symptoms may persist. Moreover, the drugs used to control side effects often have aversive side effects of their own. Thus, patients must tolerate a protracted course of treatment that is highly aversive and invasive at a time when their lives are disrupted and they are fearful about their survival. A common complaint among survivors is that such problems go unaddressed, and these types of adjustment problems appear to become most intense in the first year post treatment, when physical functioning has stabilized and contact with the BMT/SCT clinical care team wanes (5;10).

Study Type : Observational
Actual Enrollment : 133 participants
Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Prospective
Official Title: Cognitive Behavioral Intervention for BMT/SCT Survivors: Looking Forward
Study Start Date : January 2005
Actual Primary Completion Date : December 2008
Actual Study Completion Date : December 2008

Group/Cohort Intervention/treatment
1 Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT)
Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) involves one-on-one counseling
Behavioral: Cognitive Behavioral Therapy: Questionnaires
CBT, we will interview you again after you have completed the 10 sessions. We call these follow-up interviews, and they include several phone calls and a questionnaire you would be asked to complete and then mail in. Each follow-up interview will take between 60 and 210 minutes. If you wish, these follow-up interviews can be done over different days. We will do the follow-up interviews three times; at approximately 4 months, 7 months, and 10 months after you complete the baseline interview.
2 Usual Care
Usual Care
Behavioral: Usual Care: Questionnaires
If you receive Usual Care, you will not receive CBT while you are in the study. You will complete the questionnaires at the same time as participants who receive CBT. If you receive Usual Care you will be offered 10 sessions of CBT at no charge at the end of the study.

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Test the efficacy of a ten-session cognitive-behavioral intervention (CBT-BMT/SCT) on cancer-specific anxiety, psychological distress, and quality of life concerns among BMT/SCT survivors. [ Time Frame: conclusion of study ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Explore the influence of patient and medical factors on the impact of CBT-BMT/SCT. [ Time Frame: conclusion of study ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Sampling Method:   Probability Sample
Study Population
Primary care clinics

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Have significant psychological distress measured by either:

    • PTSD ONLY - score of 1.0 standard deviation above the mean on the PTSD Checklist-Civilian (PCL-C), or score meets PCL-C symptom cluster criteria for 3 symptom clusters (i.e. re-experiencing, numbing and avoidance combined, and hyperarousal) or 4 symptom clusters (i.e., re-experiencing, numbing only, avoidance only, and hyperarousal); or
    • DISTRESS WITH SOME PTSD - score meets clinically significant impairment on the Brief Symptom Inventory (BSI) global distress index and score meets PCL-C symptom cluster criteria for at least one PCL-C symptom cluster of 3 symptom clusters (i.e. re-experiencing, numbing and avoidance combined, and hyperarousal) or 4 symptom clusters (i.e., re-experiencing, numbing only, avoidance only, and hyperarousal)
  • Do not have a substance abuse disorder
  • Do not have cognitive impairment as indicated by a score of 3 or lower on the Mini-Mental Status Exam
  • Absence of psychotic symptomatology
  • Do not have active suicidal ideation

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00579917

United States, New York
Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center
New York, New York, United States, 10065
Sponsors and Collaborators
Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center
Derald H. Ruttenberg Cancer Center
Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai
Hackensack University Medical Center

Additional Information:
Responsible Party: Katherine Duhamel, MD, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center Identifier: NCT00579917     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 04-139
First Posted: December 24, 2007    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: January 7, 2009
Last Verified: January 2009

Keywords provided by Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center:
Behavioral Intervention
Bone Marrow
Stem Cell Transplantation

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Multiple Myeloma
Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin
Hodgkin Disease
Neoplasms, Plasma Cell
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Hemostatic Disorders
Vascular Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Blood Protein Disorders
Hematologic Diseases
Hemorrhagic Disorders
Lymphoproliferative Disorders
Immunoproliferative Disorders
Immune System Diseases
Lymphatic Diseases