The Use of Statins Following a Left Atrial Catheter Ablation Procedure to Prevent Atrial Fibrillation (ATTAC)
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00579098|
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : December 21, 2007
Results First Posted : April 23, 2014
Last Update Posted : April 23, 2014
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Atrial Fibrillation Arrhythmia Inflammation Endothelial Dysfunction||Drug: Atorvastatin Drug: Placebo||Phase 4|
Although pharmacologic therapy is the traditional mainstay of therapy for AF, curative therapy has recently become possible.
There is growing evidence that inflammation may be involved in the pathogenesis of AF. CRP, a sensitive marker of systemic inflammation, is increased in patients with AF compared with patients in sinus rhythm. Elevated CRP levels are associated with increased likelihood of new onset AF and with recurrence of AF after successful cardioversion. Clinical and basic laboratory evidence suggests that, in addition to being potent lipid-lowering agents, statins may also have anti-inflammatory properties and protective effect against AF.
125 eligible patients with AF, undergoing left atrial ablation, will be randomly assigned in a 1:1 ratio to receive daily 80 mg of atorvastatin or placebo in a double-blind fashion for 3 months after their ablation procedure.
Patients will have baseline lipids, CRP, endothelial function tests and Quality of Life (QoL) surveys compared with testing at 3 months post ablation.
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Actual Enrollment :||125 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Parallel Assignment|
|Masking:||Triple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator)|
|Official Title:||Atorvastatin for Prevention of Atrial Fibrillation Recurrence Following Pulmonary Veins Isolation: A Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled, Randomized Pilot Trial|
|Study Start Date :||December 2007|
|Primary Completion Date :||December 2011|
|Study Completion Date :||December 2011|
Active Comparator: Atorvastatin
Lipitor (atorvastatin) 80 mg tablet taken once daily by mouth for 90 days
80 mg tablet taken by mouth daily for 90 days
Other Name: Lipitor
Placebo Comparator: Placebo
Placebo (dummy) tablet taken once daily by mouth for 90 days
Placebo tablet taken by mouth once daily for 90 days
Other Name: Placebo (dummy) tablet to match appearance of atorvastatin
- Percentage of Subjects Without Symptoms of Atrial Fibrillation at 3 Months [ Time Frame: Baseline through 3 months ]Asymptomatic recurrence was defined as any atrial arrhythmia lasting more than 30 seconds. This was assessed by an electrocardiogram (ECG) and 72-hour Holter monitor recordings. At the end of the study, 336 ECG and Holter recordings were available for analysis (172 in the atorvastatin group and 164 in the placebo group).
- Percentage of Subjects Without Atrial Arrhythmia at 3 Months [ Time Frame: Baseline through 3 months ]Percentage of subjects without atrial arrhythmia (as opposed to atrial fibrillation) recurrence, irrespective of symptoms. Atrial arrhythmias included AF, atrial tachycardia and atrial flutter.
- Change in Mean C-Reactive Protein Level [ Time Frame: Baseline and 3 months ]
- Change in Mean Quality of Life Score [ Time Frame: Baseline and 3 months ]A visual analogue scale (VAS) was used to collect the subject's perception of their current state of health/quality of life. The VAS consists of a vertical 20 centimeter scored line (like a thermometer) with the ends labelled best imaginable health state at the top (100) and worst imaginable health state at the bottom (0). The subject marked a single line to grade his/her own current level of function at the baseline visit and again at the 3 month visit. The average change in VAS score from baseline to 3 months later is reported for each treatment group.
- Change in Lipid Levels [ Time Frame: Baseline and 3 months ]The change from baseline to 3 months in blood cholesterol levels (total cholesterol, LDL or low-density lipoprotein and HDL or high-density lipoprotein) was calculated.
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00579098
|United States, Minnesota|
|Rochester, Minnesota, United States, 55905|
|Principal Investigator:||Paul A Friedman, MD||Mayo Clinic|