Matched Unrelated or Non-Genotype Identical Related Donor Transplantation For Chronic Granulomatous Disease (MUNCHR)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00578643
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : December 21, 2007
Last Update Posted : August 31, 2017
Texas Children's Hospital
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Robert Krance, Baylor College of Medicine

Brief Summary:

This study is for patients with chronic granulomatous disease (CGD), which is a disorder of the immune system that puts them at risk for severe infections. CGD is caused by a genetic defect that stops or prevents the white blood cells from killing certain bacteria and fungi. This condition cannot presently be cured by standard treatment with drugs or surgery. The course over time of CGD may differ in severity among patients, but those children who develop severe infection at a young age are most likely to have a more severe clinical course. Medicine including antibiotics, antifungals, and interferon gamma, may help some patients with CGD; however even with continuous treatment with these medications, most patients with CGD will have chronic and recurrent infections. Transfusion of healthy or normal white blood cells may help overcome infection, but white cell transfusions lead to allergic reactions and fever and the benefit of transfusion lasts only a matter of hours. Ultimately, chronic infections can damage or injure the body organs such as the lung, liver, or bone. Injury to the lung or liver can lead to lung or liver failure and death. Medicines used to treat infection can damage body organs such as the kidney. Infections may become resistant to antibiotic or antifungal treatment, and infections not responding to treatment can be deadly.

It is now known that under specific conditions and with special treatment, blood stem cells (the cells that make blood) can be transferred or transplanted from one person to another. Stem cell transplantation has been done for patients with CGD who have a healthy brother or sister and who share the same immune type (HLA type) as the patient. Stem cell transplantation allows healthy or normal white cells from the stem cell donor to grow or develop in the patient's bone marrow making the donor's white cells. These healthy white cells can fight infection and prevent future infections for a patient with CGD.

Patients on this study will receive stem cells from a related or an unrelated donor. The donor will be closely matched to the patients immune type but the donor is not a brother or sister. This type of transplantation has been done only a few times for patients with CGD, although this type of transplant is commonly done for other reasons, e.g. leukemia. The reason this treatment is investigational is that we do not know the likelihood of benefit that the patient will receive. It is possible that they will have great benefit, like some of the patients who have been transplanted from a brother or sister. It is possible that the side-effects of treatment may be too severe so that the transplant won't work.

The purpose of this research study is to evaluate whether or not patients with CGD treated with a stem cell transplant from a non-matched and/or non-related donor can have a good outcome from the procedure with an acceptable number of side-effects.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Chronic Granulomatous Disease Drug: Busulfan Biological: Alemtuzumab Drug: Cyclophosphamide Drug: Fludarabine Drug: Cyclosporine Procedure: Stem Cell Infusion Phase 2

Detailed Description:

In order to transplant stem cells we will need to give the patient drugs or high-dose chemotherapy to kill or destroy most of the blood forming and immune cells in the bone marrow. This is necessary to allow the donor stem cells to live and grow (engraft) in the bone marrow space. After the drug treatment is completed, the patient will be given the stem cells from the donor. The drug treatment is as follows:

Day -9 Busulfan

Day -8 Busulfan

Day -7 Busulfan

Day -6 Busulfan

Day -5 Alemtuzumab, Fludarabine, Cyclophosphamide

Day -4 Alemtuzumab, Fludarabine, Cyclophosphamide

Day -3 Alemtuzumab, Fludarabine, Cyclophosphamide

Day -2 Alemtuzumab, Fludarabine, Cyclosporine, Cyclophosphamide

Day -1 REST

Day 0 Stem cell infusion

The day after the chemotherapy treatment is completed, the patient will receive the healthy stem cells by vein, like a blood transfusion. Once in the bloodstream, the marrow cells will go to the bone marrow and grow.

It is also possible that if the marrow takes, it will cause a disease known as graft-versus-host disease (GVHD). To prevent GVHD, we will give the patient cyclosporine and Methotrexate. Methotrexate will be administered on Days 1, 3, 6 and 11 after the transplant. The cyclosporine therapy will continue for a longer period of time, however if the patient does not develop GVHD, it will be discontinued by 6 months after the stem cell transplant.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 15 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: HLA Matched Unrelated or Non-Genotype Identical Related Donor Transplantation For Chronic Granulomatous Disease
Study Start Date : March 2004
Estimated Primary Completion Date : October 2017
Estimated Study Completion Date : June 2018

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Allogeneic unrelated transplant
Conditioning from Day -9 to Day -1. Stem cells given on Day 0. Busulfan, alemtuzumab, cyclophosphamide, fludarabine, cyclosporine, stem cell infusion.
Drug: Busulfan

Days -9 through -6

1 mg/kg initially (based on weight)

Other Name: Busulfex
Biological: Alemtuzumab

Day -5 through Day -2

Dose is based on weight:

Less than 15 kg: 3 mg

More than 15 kg to 30 kg: 5 mg

More than 30 kg: 15 mg

Other Name: Campath
Drug: Cyclophosphamide

Days -5 through -2

50 mg/kg

Other Name: Cytoxan
Drug: Fludarabine

Day -5 through Day -2

30 mg/m^2

Other Name: Fludara
Drug: Cyclosporine
Cyclosporine will be administered beginning Day -2. Initial dose will 5 mg/kg infused over 24 hours.
Other Name: Sandimmune
Procedure: Stem Cell Infusion
Stem Cell: Either bone marrow, cord blood, or peripheral blood stem cells may be used for stem cell transplantation. It is desired to infuse: for bone marrow, nucleated cells ≥ 4 X 10^8/kg recipient weight; for cord blood ≥ 3 X 10^7/kg nucleated cells; for peripheral blood stem cells ≥ 1 X 10^/kg CD34+ cells.

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Number of patients that have engraftment after transplant. [ Time Frame: 120 days ]
    To estimate the engraftment rate and the likelihood of complete donor chimerism for patients with CGD using busulfan, cyclophosphamide, fludarabine and alemtuzumab (Campath 1H) as conditioning therapy for SCT from 5/6 or 6/6 HLA-matched unrelated or 5/6 or 6/6 HLA phenotype-matched related donors.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Estimating the risk for acute and chronic GVHD and regimen related morbidity/mortality for patients with CGD following SCT from 5/6 or 6/6 HLA-matched unrelated or 5/6 or 6/6 HLA phenotype-matched related donors. [ Time Frame: 120 days ]
  2. Examining the potential for reversal of organ toxicity (e.g. lung, liver, intestine) following engraftment and stable normal neutrophil function. [ Time Frame: 120 days ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

Ages Eligible for Study:   Child, Adult, Senior
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No


CGD patients as documented by an abnormal NBT assay in a male patient and/or abnormal NADPH enzyme mutation confirmed by genetic analysis with abnormal NBT.

Patients must not have an HLA genotype identical donor.

Patients must have a 5/6 or 6/6 HLA-matched unrelated donor or a 5/6 or 6/6 HLA phenotype-matched related donor.

Patients must have had at least one serious infection characteristic of those manifested in patients with CGD.

Patients must not have active infection. An active infection may include the following: 1) clinical findings consistent with an infection such as fever, cavitary organ lesions, osteomyelitis; 2) progression of presumed infection based upon findings of diagnostic imaging (two or more studies at least 1 month a part).

No cumulative organ dysfunction that, in the estimation of the treating physicians, will diminish the patient's likelihood to survive this procedure.

Negative pregnancy test for post-pubertal female patients.

Echocardiogram shortening fraction >/= 28%.

DLCO 50% or greater predicted or FEV1 >/= 50% predicted.


Active or uncontrolled infection (e.g. lung infection, cavitary organ lesions, osteomyelitis).

Markedly elevated C reactive protein or sedimentation rate relative to patient's baseline.

Invasive bone or bone marrow disease.

Lack of potential hematologic blood product donors in the past (related to McLeod phenotype).

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00578643

United States, Texas
Texas Children's Hospital
Houston, Texas, United States, 77030
Sponsors and Collaborators
Baylor College of Medicine
Texas Children's Hospital
Principal Investigator: Robert Krance, MD Baylor College of Medicine

Responsible Party: Robert Krance, Professor, Hematology Oncology, Baylor College of Medicine Identifier: NCT00578643     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 14771-MUNCHR
First Posted: December 21, 2007    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: August 31, 2017
Last Verified: August 2017

Keywords provided by Robert Krance, Baylor College of Medicine:
Stem Cell Transplant
Chronic Granulomatous Disease

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Granulomatous Disease, Chronic
Lymphoproliferative Disorders
Lymphatic Diseases
Pathologic Processes
Phagocyte Bactericidal Dysfunction
Leukocyte Disorders
Hematologic Diseases
Genetic Diseases, X-Linked
Genetic Diseases, Inborn
Immunologic Deficiency Syndromes
Immune System Diseases
Fludarabine phosphate
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antirheumatic Agents
Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating
Alkylating Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antineoplastic Agents
Myeloablative Agonists
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic