T-Regulatory Cell Kinetics, Stem Cell Transplantation, REGKINE
Patients are being asked to participate in this study because they have a cancer in their blood (such as leukemia or lymphoma) or myelodysplastic/myeloproliferative (pre-leukemia). We suggest a treatment that might help them live longer without disease than other treatment plans would. This treatment is known as a stem cell transplant. We believe this may help the patient as it allows us to give much stronger doses of drugs and radiation to kill the diseased cells than we could give without the transplant. We also think that the healthy cells may help fight any diseased cells left after the transplant.
Stem Cells are special "mother" cells that are found in the bone marrow (the spongy tissue inside bones), although some are also found in the bloodstream (peripheral blood). As they grow, they become either white blood cells which fight infection, red blood cells which carry oxygen and remove waste products from the organs and tissues or platelets, which enable the blood to clot. For the transplant to take place, we will collect these stem cells from a "donor" (a person who agrees to donate these cells) and give them to the patient. The patient has a type of blood cell cancer or other blood problem that is very hard to cure with standard treatments and they will receive a stem cell transplant (SCT). If they have a brother or sister that is a perfect match and agrees to donate, the stem cells will come from him/her. Before the transplant, two very strong drugs plus total body irradiation will be given to the patient (pre-conditioning). This treatment will kill most of the blood-forming cells in the bone marrow. We will then give the patient the healthy stem cells. Once these healthy stem cells are in the bloodstream they will move to the bone marrow (graft) and begin producing blood cells that will eventually mature into healthy red blood cells, white blood cells and platelets.
Also, we will ask permission to draw blood from the patient so that we can measure the number of certain blood cells called T regulatory cells. T regulatory cells are special immune cells that can control or regulate the body's immune response. We want to determine whether T regulatory cells are important participants in graft versus host disease (GVHD), infection and relapse. In GVHD, certain cells from the donated marrow or blood (the graft) attack the body of the transplant patient (the host). GVHD can affect many different parts of the body. The skin, eyes, stomach and intestines are affected most often. GVHD can range from mild to life-threatening. We do not know whether T regulatory cells can modify these conditions. We want to measure these T regulatory cells and learn if these cells do influence these conditions. If we learn that T regulatory cells do affect these conditions, then it may be possible to modify these cells for the benefit of transplant patients.
Drug: Ara C
Radiation: TBI-Total Body Irradiation
|Study Design:||Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||T-Regulatory Cell Kinetics Post Transplant For Patients Undergoing Matched Sibling Stem Cell Transplantation|
- Median Percentage of Treg Cells at 1 Year Post Transplant [ Time Frame: 1 Year ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]The investigative intent is to determine the changes in numbers and function of the regulatory cell population using the best methods to measure this cell population. The frequency of T cells will be summarized at baseline and each time point of follow-up.
|Study Start Date:||October 2007|
|Study Completion Date:||May 2013|
|Primary Completion Date:||May 2013 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Experimental: Stem Cell Transplant
patient's will be recieving a stem cell transplant on study Conditioning includes: Ara C, Cyclophosphamide, MESNA, TBI-Total Body Irradiation
Drug: Ara C
3000 mg/m^2 - pts will recieve via IV every 12 hours for 6 doses starting at 20:00 hours on day -8
Other Names:Drug: Mesna
45 mg/kg; divided into 5 doses-will be administered 15 minutes prior to Cyclophosphamide and 3, 6, 9, and 12 hours after each dose of Cyclophosphamide
Other Name: MesnexDrug: Cyclophosphamide
45 mg/kg; IV once daily on day -7 and day -6 starting at 1400 hours
Other Name: CytoxanRadiation: TBI-Total Body Irradiation
Total dose 12 Gy, will be delivered in 8 fractions of 150 cGy, each, two fractions per day beginning day -4
Before the transplant we will test the patients blood for viruses which can cause problems after the transplant. These viruses include Hepatitis B, (which causes liver damage), cytomegalovirus, (which causes lung disease) and HIV (which causes AIDS). If the patient is positive for the AIDS virus, they will not be able to undertake the transplant.
The patient will be given 6 doses of chemotherapy with a drug called Ara C in high doses (every 12 hours) which will begin 8 days before their stem cell transplant. Then, another chemotherapy drug called cyclophosphamide will be given in high doses by vein for two days on the 7th and 6th days before their transplant. A drug called MESNA will be given with cyclophosphamide. MESNA is used to decrease the side effects caused by cyclophosphamide. Radiation treatment will be given to the entire body on each day for 4 days before the transplant. This will be done 2 times a day for 4 days. The chemotherapy and radiation treatment will last 8 days. The patient will receive extra radiation treatment if they have certain diseases (central nervous system (CNS) disease, testicular disease or other focal (localized) disease).
The day after the radiation treatment is completed; the patient will receive the healthy stem cells by vein. Once in the bloodstream, these stem cells will go to the bone marrow and should begin to grow
In prevention of GVHD, the patient will also receive medicine called FK506 as well as low dose methotrexate. The FK506 will be given intravenously (through the vein) initially starting 2 days before the transplant and later by mouth (when they are able to take oral medications). This drug will be given each day for several weeks. Four doses of low dose methotrexate will be given intravenously. The methotrexate will be given on the day after the transplant, 3, 6 and 11 days after the transplant. If the GVHD cannot be controlled with FK506, other medicines may need to be given. Your doctor will describe these medicines at that time.
After the patient has their stem cell transplant, we would like to collect some blood at different time points after the transplantation in order to study how regulatory T cells work and grow after a stem cell transplant.
To study how these cells are working in the system, blood samples will be taken each month for six months, at nine months, at one year, 2 years and 3 years following transplant. Approximately 6-8 teaspoons of blood will be collected each time. The total blood drawn for this study over three years should not exceed 1 and 3/4 cups. This amount is considered safe in adults. The amount of blood collected will be decreased in children and/or in patients where this amount of blood collection would not be appropriate. If the patient has a central line, the blood will be taken from it, so that extra needle sticks should not be needed. If the patient does not have a central line, they will need to have one placed. This will be a separate procedure for which the patient will sign a separate consent form. The patient will need to come to the clinic on the days of blood drawing and to be seen at Texas Children's Cancer Center.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00578461
|United States, Texas|
|Texas Children's Hospital|
|Houston, Texas, United States, 77030|
|Principal Investigator:||Robert Krance, MD||Baylor College of Medicine|