Smoking Cessation Intervention for Cancer Patients

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00575718
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : December 18, 2007
Last Update Posted : January 4, 2018
M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study is to see if we can find ways to improve the treatment of tobacco dependence in patients who have cancer or may have cancer. We will compare two ways to help people quit tobacco use before surgery and to stay quit after surgery. One way is a scheduled reduced smoking program followed by use of the nicotine patch. In this program, the tobacco user will gradually cut down on their tobacco use until they quit. Once they quit, they will be offered the nicotine patch. We will compare this approach to our current program of counseling and use of nicotine patch. What we learn from this study may help us to develop new ways to help tobacco users and improve our current smoking cessation program.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Newly Diagnosed Cancer Patients Behavioral: Hospital Counseling + Nicotine Replacement Therapy. questionaires Behavioral: Hospital Counseling + Nicotine Replacement + Presurgical Scheduled Reduced Smoking, questionaires Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

Smoking cessation offers an important way for newly diagnosed cancer patients to take an active role in their treatment and recovery. Quitting tobacco use decreases cancer patients' risk of disease recurrence and development of second primary cancers. In addition, preoperative tobacco cessation may reduce the likelihood of perioperative pulmonary, cardiovascular, and wound healing complications. Due to increased awareness of the health hazards of tobacco use, rates of cessation after cancer diagnosis are high. However, 35% to 69% of patients continue to use tobacco and this is largely due to strong barriers to quitting (low-self efficacy, psychological distress) rather than lack of positive intentions to quit. Previous attempts to increase smoking cessation among the medically ill have provided intervention either during or after hospitalization.

We propose that the period immediately prior to hospitalization and surgery represents a unique window of opportunity, or "teachable moment," for smoking cessation that could take full advantage of patients' enhanced health awareness and quitting motivation, strong physician quitting advice, and patients' heightened desire to take an active role in their care.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 204 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: Presurgical Smoking Cessation Intervention for Cancer Patients: The Resolve Study
Study Start Date : October 2002
Estimated Primary Completion Date : October 2018
Estimated Study Completion Date : October 2018

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: 1
Hospital Counseling + Nicotine Replacement Therapy (HC+NRT)
Behavioral: Hospital Counseling + Nicotine Replacement Therapy. questionaires
brief face-to-face or telephone tobacco cessation counseling provided by a tobacco cessation specialist prior to admission and during hospitalization (15-20 minutes per encounter)provision of multi-media self-help materials (e.g., "Smoking Cessation Guide for Cancer Patients and Their Families") tailored to address cancer-specific issues such as the benefits and barriers of quitting for cancer patients; 3) tobacco cessation pharmacotherapy, unless medically contraindicated (for this study we will standardize the pharmacotherapy as transdermal nicotine patch), and; 4) two brief telephone counseling (15 minutes) sessions completed as seen clinically appropriate by the tobacco cessation specialists. The content of these counseling sessions is based on the patient's smoking status.

Experimental: 2
Hospital Counseling + Nicotine Replacement Therapy + Pre-surgical Schedule Reduced Smoking (HC+NRT+PS/SRS)
Behavioral: Hospital Counseling + Nicotine Replacement + Presurgical Scheduled Reduced Smoking, questionaires
Same components of HC+NRT as well as the PS/SRS enhancement.The research team will provide education about scheduled reduced smoking either in person or over the phone. Purpose of the training session, will be audio taped, to prepare participants for daily PDA use over the dur of the scheduled-reduced smoking intervention. Training will demonstrate use of PDA and simulate common technical and procedural issues that might arise during the intervention (e.g., forgetting to record a cigarette or wake time; repeating a day's schedule if needed, prior to the quit date). The simulation will reflect anticipated problems and those identified by users of the PDA. A study helpline number and instructional manual will be provided. A member of the research staff will contact the study participants, once the reduced smoking schedule has begun, to check that the patient understands the schedule and that the PDA is working properly. Estimate patient training with the PDA will require 30 minutes.

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. efficacy of a presurgical smoking cessation intervention that adds scheduled reduced smoking, a highly effective behavioral treatment in non-medically ill tobacco users, to enhanced usual care, i.e., hospital counseling and nicotine replacement therapy. [ Time Frame: will be measured at hospital admission, and 3 and 6 months post-hospital admission. ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. whether addition of a presurgical scheduled reduced smoking intervention improves smoking cessation and long-term abstinence rates c/w hospital counseling and nicotine transdermal patch (enhanced usual care) for recently diagnosed cancer patients. [ Time Frame: 6-8 months ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Age 18 years or older
  • Smokers who typically smoke > 8 cigarettes per day who have smoked within the last 7 days or other tobacco users with high frequency of use (> 8 per day) within the last 7 days;
  • Diagnosed with cancer or have a mass suspicious of cancer that is NOT distant metastatic cancer at the time of enrollment;
  • Likely candidate for surgical treatment no sooner than 7 days from study entry;
  • Absence of gross psychopathology or cognitive impairment;
  • Can be reached by telephone;
  • Have manual dexterity and sensory (i.e., visual and auditory) acuity sufficient to use a Personal Digital Assistant (PDA);
  • Provide informed consent.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00575718

United States, New York
Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center
New York, New York, United States, 10065
Sponsors and Collaborators
Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center
M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
Principal Investigator: Jamie Ostroff, PhD Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center

Additional Information:
Responsible Party: Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center Identifier: NCT00575718     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 02-094
First Posted: December 18, 2007    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: January 4, 2018
Last Verified: October 2017

Keywords provided by Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center:
Quitting tobacco
tobacco use

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Ganglionic Stimulants
Autonomic Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Nicotinic Agonists
Cholinergic Agonists
Cholinergic Agents
Neurotransmitter Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action