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The Comparison of Supraperiosteal Nerve Block With Opiate Analgesia in Alleviating the Pain of Toothache

This study has been completed.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
First Posted: December 14, 2007
Last Update Posted: March 24, 2014
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Wayne Triner, Albany Medical College

This study will compare the degree of pain control provided by two techniques for persons with toothache in an emergency department. The two techniques include;

  • standard oral narcotic pain medication
  • numbing the tooth with local anesthetic by needle injection

Condition Intervention Phase
Toothache Drug: hydrocodone/acetaminophen Drug: bupivacaine (supraperiosteal nerve block) Phase 4

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: The Comparison of Supraperiosteal Nerve Block With Opiate Analgesia in Alleviating the Pain of Toothache

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by Wayne Triner, Albany Medical College:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • VAS determination of pain at 30 minutes following intervention [ Time Frame: 30 minutes ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Numeric scale report or pain Number of prescribed analgesic pills taken [ Time Frame: 24-36 hours following intervention ]

Enrollment: 18
Study Start Date: December 2007
Study Completion Date: January 2013
Primary Completion Date: January 2013 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Active Comparator: oral
administration of oral analgesia
Drug: hydrocodone/acetaminophen
oral hydrocodone 10 mg/acetaminophen 650 mg
Other Names:
  • Lortab
  • Vicodin
Experimental: Dental Block
Administration of supraperiosteal nerve block to effected tooth
Drug: bupivacaine (supraperiosteal nerve block)
Administration of Bupivacaine 0.5% 2 ml adjacent to tooth root
Other Name: Marcaine

Detailed Description:

Background: Toothache is a common complaint among patients presenting to the emergency department. There are two commonly employed methods of alleviating this severe form of pain. Oral opioid analgesia is the most commonly utilized strategy for treating this pain. However, many emergency physicians and dentists employ a local anesthetic technique known as supraperiosteal nerve block. This study will compare the relative efficacy of these techniques.

Patients meeting enrollment criteria will be randomized to either receive a supraperiosteal nerve block or oral hydrocodone 10 mg/acetaminophen 650 mg. They will otherwise be managed identically. Reduction of pain scores between entry and 30 minutes post intervention will be compared as well as numeric pain scores obtained by phone contact 24 hours later. Secondary outcomes will include the proportion of individuals from each group filling prescriptions for pain medication and the number of pain pills taken.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 65 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Involvement of a single tooth
  • Percussive tenderness of the crown of the suspect tooth

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Age younger than 18 years
  • Women who are breast feeding
  • Allergy or intolerance to hydrocodone, bupivacaine or acetaminophen
  • Pregnancy
  • Involvement of multiple teeth
  • Pain resulting from pericoronitis.
  • Pain resulting from dental trauma occurring less than 90 days prior
  • Pain of more than 96 hours duration
  • Facial or neck swelling or tenderness
  • Alteration in phonation
  • Cognitive impairment
  • Concurrent use of opiate analgesics
  • Impairment of liver function
  • Consumption of more than 4 grams of acetaminophen in the past 24 hours.
  • Patients who are visually impaired.
  Contacts and Locations
Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00574015

United States, New York
Albany Medical Center Hospital
Albany, New York, United States, 12208
Sponsors and Collaborators
Albany Medical College
Principal Investigator: Wayne R Triner, DO, MPH Albany Medical College
  More Information

Responsible Party: Wayne Triner, Professor Emergency Medicine, Albany Medical College
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00574015     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 2200
First Submitted: December 13, 2007
First Posted: December 14, 2007
Last Update Posted: March 24, 2014
Last Verified: September 2010

Keywords provided by Wayne Triner, Albany Medical College:
regional anesthesia
emergency department

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Tooth Diseases
Stomatognathic Diseases
Facial Pain
Neurologic Manifestations
Nervous System Diseases
Signs and Symptoms
Acetaminophen, hydrocodone drug combination
Anesthetics, Local
Central Nervous System Depressants
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Sensory System Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Analgesics, Non-Narcotic
Analgesics, Opioid
Antitussive Agents
Respiratory System Agents
Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal
Anti-Inflammatory Agents
Antirheumatic Agents